If a pet suddenly began to itch, the owner is reluctant to think – and whether there are fleas in hamsters.Fleas have a hamster – this is a rare occurrence, but the owner of the rodent is not superfluous to learn how to act in such a situation.
The types of parasites
Have fleas there are many varieties: cat, dog, rabbit. But fleas of any kind are not choosy, they bite all warm-blooded animals and even birds. The most common is the cat flea. These bloodsuckers on the hamster accidentally in transit. As a permanent food source, the tiny rodent they are not perfect, so get rid of them would be easy.
The situation is worse if the animal will attack a mouse or rat fleas.
Sources of infection
Consider how they can take fleas:
It's hard to imagine a hamster kept in the house, which roam freely rats and mice. However, in pet shops or on the market, the hamster just might pick up parasites from neighbors: rabbits, rats, Guinea pigs.
Cat, dog, ferret, any pet can be a source of infection. Animals that walk on the street, cling to parasites more often. But fleas live on the cat, not leaving the apartment, and multiply beyond measure, attacking all, and the hamster including.
Eggs fleas get in the boots and under favorable conditions (rare cleaning, hardwood floor cracks) to grow into adult parasites that will attack humans and animals. Usually the source of flea eggs is wet and warm basement, inhabited by stray cats.
Summer household pests love succulent feed, including grass. If not pre-rinsed it, in a cage animal get larvae of fleas.
Hamsters – clean animals, but fleas hamster washes, itches, licks and wykonywac wool continually.
Fleas eat little and often, so even a few insects will be much to exasperate the owner bites. Insect saliva contains enzymes that prevent blood clotting. These substances cause inflammation and swelling at the bite location, and strong itching. Allergic to the saliva of fleas is painful for the animal problem.
Fleas, unlike other blood-sucking insects do not inject the victim pain in the bite. So the hamster can dramatically bounce or jerk when you attack the parasite, after which it again starts to furiously wash or itch.
Due to constant itching on the skin of the hamster appear scratching – he injures himself. The wound from the claws can become infected and fester. Earlier in the thick fur there are areas of baldness.
Detection of parasites or their faeces
If you pull out the fur and inspect the skin of the animal, you notice black specks. This undigested lumps of blood, the excrement of fleas. And only with big luck you notice the insects themselves.
Fleas in Djungarian hamsters will hide in secluded places – in the armpits, on the neck of the animal. Dark dense fur and small size of the rodent greatly complicate the search. The Syrian hamster is larger, easier to see, but sometimes it is better to entrust it to a specialist. It is impossible to say whether the hamsters fleas, if the owner can't see them. Catalog will focus not on the presence of fleas, and indirect signs of their presence.
How dangerous fleas?
Aphaniptera not fatal to the rodent, but there are indirect threats:
Wykonywa insects from fur, the animal can get worms. It is therefore recommended that after getting rid of fleas can give pet anthelmintic (suspension "fast").
Fleas are still the carriers of dangerous diseases – plague, typhoid, salmonellosis. When running skin problems superimposed ordinary, not exotic flora, and the rodent arise abscesses.
Flea-bitten hamster may eat and sleep, loses weight, becomes nervous and aggressive.
Veterinary doctor eliminates other skin problems, and diagnoses "flea dermatitis". The specialist will tell you what to do if your hamster has fleas. However, do not always have the opportunity to show itchy rodent to catalogo.
To get the fleas, you need to understand the life cycle of insects. They do not live on the hamster, but only eat. 90% of the total population is in the environment. Adults, eggs, larvae develop in the bedding or upholstered furniture, in the carpet, behind the baseboards. Therefore, the output of parasites on the hamster should last. First – house and the other Pets.
Treatment of the premises and all animals in the house (cats, dogs)
The apartment should be thoroughly vacuumed, and then shake out the vacuum cleaner (or throw away a disposable bag). Such cleaning is repeated daily, or at least 2 times a week.
Pay special attention to upholstered furniture, where sleeping dogs, rugs, dusty corners.
Then do a wet cleaning. Guaranteed to get rid of eggs and larvae primenyayut insecticide powders for carpets or sprays (Raptor, combat, RAID). Spray effective in hard to reach places (behind the skirting Board, cracks in the floor). Cheap option – concentrated product Neocomian. One vial of 5 ml diluted in 3 liters of water and treated the room with a bottle of spray.
Treatment of hamster
If the dogs in the house no fleas but the hamster is, the kid not to avoid pest control. Otherwise, after the first two events parasites in rodents can disappear by themselves. The remedy for fleas for hamsters are hard to find.
Consultants usually offer drugs intended for dogs and cats, but animals are not comparable. If fleas have infested hamsters of Jungaria, we are talking about a rodent weighing more than 50 grams. The veterinarian will tell you how to get rid of fleas hamster without hurting him. What drugs can be set by catalog:
Ivermectin 1% subcutaneous 0, 03 ml per 1 kg of weight 2 with an interval of 10 days. The drug is used in hamsters with other Enomoto, however, a flea infestation to use toxic medicine does not make sense. First try external machining.
If it is difficult to spray evenly spray, you can spritz on a cotton pad and them wipe with a pet, lifting the wool:
- Bars — fipronil 0.3%, the dosage of 0.25 ml per animal (1 push on the dispenser);
- "Biovaks", "Le Artist" – plant components.
Insecticidal powder ("Insecta", "Celandine")
Powder coat and rubbed the powder (0.5 g) in the skin against hair growth. In severe cases, repeat in 10-14 days.
Disinfection of the cells
You need to completely change the litter. You can apply a bed of shavings of coniferous trees (cedar) – this will repel insects.
The cage and accessories are washed in hot water with soap once a week.
What not to do
You cannot apply:
- drops on the withers, designed for dogs and cats. Drops on the withers for rodents does not exist;
- washing the rodent with a flea shampoo, wet hair.
Wild hamsters live in burrows, beset by a variety of parasites. In the same conditions as domestic hamsters fleas are extremely rare. However, there are. Therefore, noticing the small, nimble dark insects in the fur of the pet, do not argue too long about whether hamsters to be fleas. The earlier treatment is started, the faster you will be able to get rid of annoying guests.