Disease Djungarian hamsters cannot be distinguished as a separate group because they are at risk for all common diseases of hamsters of different breeds.In case of intestinal infection the hamster may die from diarrhoea within 1-2 days.
The fragile nervous system
Nervousness leads to violations of the chair, the coat, itching and alopecia.
Note that the transport for the animal can be a stress factor. If a hamster is sick, to visit the veterinary clinic is necessary, but follow-up treatments are best done in the home. The doctor can show you how to capture the baby in a safe way and to be manipulated.
Some of the disease, Djungarian more often than other hamsters. This is primarily obesity and diabetes. Initially for diabetes prone hamsters, the Campbell, but they are so similar to Jungar that these two species often hybridize with each other. The owner can not be sure whether his pet mestizo.
Hereditary diabetes occurs at the age of 2-4 months.
Djungarian hamster: the disease non-contagious nature
Rodents often take as a first pet. People count on the ruggedness of these animals. And your favorite pet may well become unbearable: illness they have, when the right contents are rare. Enough to devote time to the prevention of major diseases, so as not to suffer later with treatment.
For the little hamster often buy a cage smaller than for the larger Syrian or Guinea pigs. But in the nature of a tiny gungari runs several miles daily in search of food. In captivity it is necessary to provide conditions for physical activity, otherwise the rodent will quickly fat. Favourite treats hamsters (seeds, nuts) is very high in calories. Although a fat hamster owners seem funny, the extra weight greatly reduces the life expectancy of the pet, leading to liver and heart, and sometimes provokes diabetes.
Prevention and treatment of excess weight is an appropriate rodent diet and physical exercise (walks, running in a wheel or a ball game mazes).
It is a disease of the pancreas, which ceases to produce sufficient the hormone responsible for glucose uptake is insulin. The disease may be inherited, but most often to blame the owner feeding the animal is delicious, but hard to digest treats. Dangerous to the dwarf hamsters is even a regular carrot, not to mention the honey sticks, fruits and berries.
- behavior changes: lethargy or the opposite – unnatural activity: animal itches, running back and forth, digging, jumping);
- a sharp change in the mass of the body: emaciation or obesity;
- animal been drinking a lot and writes a lot;
Small rodents don't prescribe insulin to treat diabetes, so the treatment is a special diet. Sugary foods are strictly contraindicated. Give more white vegetables (more sugars in red): zucchini, cucumber, turnip and radish, celery, turnip. Restrict fats in the diet, increasing the proportion of protein foods (low-fat cottage cheese, boiled meat and eggs).
How to understand that the hamster diabetes
Instead of blood, you can easily do a test at home the presence of sugar in the urine. Test strips buy at a regular human pharmacy. The day before the analysis, the hamster won't give you any sweet food (fruits, sweets). In the morning put the animal in a clean container without filler. For the dough enough drops of urine (it is convenient to assemble the syringe). Color changing test strips evaluate the eye. If glucose in urine above normal – a sick pet.
Inflammation of the cheek bags
Because of the small sizes of Jungaria often injure the mucous membrane of the cheek bags. The wound can be obtained by feeding in the husks of seeds (pumpkin, sunflower), hay, dry pasta. Wound contaminated, inflamed and an abscess is brewing.
The main symptoms of such problem – a tumor in the region of the face and decreased appetite. Treatment consists in cleaning the cheek pouch, which it completely turn. After opening the abscess is assigned a systemic antibiotic.
Like many other rodents, have Djungarian hamsters teeth grow all my life. For the animal it is vital to grind them into meal, and with the help of a mineral stone or twigs. Improper diet causes malocclusion – irregular abrasion of the teeth. They grow, injure tissue of the oral cavity and jaw bone. As a secondary problem malocclusion appears after the animal refused to eat for several days, and received only soft food.
Signs of dental disease:
- not eating or selective eating of foods;
- the hamster loses weight, disturbed bowel movement;
- abscesses in the region of the face, discharge from the nose, eyes;
- strong salivation: the fur of the chin and breast with a wet, inflamed;
- the deformation of the incisors, their growth outside the oral cavity.
To cure malocclusion, once they arise, is almost impossible. The correction has to be repeated with an interval of 1-4 months. Straighten teeth only under General anesthesia (inhalation anesthesia). Without anesthesia you can trim only the regrown incisors, whereas the real problem often lies in the indigenous chewing ("buccal") teeth.
Feeding Jungaria "forbidden" foods inevitably leads to malfunction of the intestine. Binders (persimmon) and dry food provoke constipation, fermenting (sauerkraut, bread, legumes) – bloating, and poor quality or toxic – diarrhea. It is much easier to prevent a problem than to treat, but the owner should be able to provide first aid to the pet. Come to the aid of decoctions of herbs: diarrhea and normalizes stool oak bark, chamomile, rice water.
Flatulence may be given gripe water (fennel). When constipation mucus flax seeds or psyllium, mineral oil.
If there is suspicion of poisoning, the hamster can be given sorbents from human first aid kits (smectite, enterosgel), but in microscopic quantities.
Djungarian hamster: infectious diseases
With isolated contents and maintaining the purity of the infection in hamsters occur very rarely. The animal can be infected feed, litter or person – so it is important to wash fruits and vegetables and hands before contact with the rodent. Treatment of viral diseases does not exist, and if the doctor diagnosed a bacterial infection – antibiotics.
Not everyone has the opportunity to make a rodent specialist. Therefore, the owner can resort to antibiotic therapy in its sole discretion in certain situations:
- hamster has a cold and runny nose is not transparent, and greenish-yellow, (pneumonia);
- the wound inflamed, or swelled bump with pus (abscess);
- profuse diarrhea "on a level place" (intestinal infection).
Hamsters are sensitive to medications, so to use a human antibiotic, not to calculate the dose. Use of the veterinary drug "Baytril a 2.5%" at a dose of 10 mg/kg (0.4 ml per 1 kg). Gungari weighs about 40-50 grams, the dosage for the crumbs to 0.02 ml. is Injected subcutaneously, pulling the skin in the blades. Injections 1 times a day, for prescription 2 times a day, a course of 1-2 weeks.
From healthy Djungarian hamster dense, thick, shiny fur. Only on the belly in males is yellowish "sore" rounded – markers of iron. If a hamster starts to lose his hair, scratching the skin to the blood is a sign of serious problems. Most often rodents affects the fungus (microsporia) and microscopic subcutaneous mites (demodicosis, scabies sudneva). A small bald spot and scratches can be treated with iodine, but the diagnosis will have to go to the clinic. Sometimes doctors prescribe injections of ivermectin (the drug from ticks) "at random" did not find the parasites themselves. This practice is absolutely justified, it is only necessary to carefully adjust the dose depending on the weight of the small rodent.