In hamsters, caged, often there are injuries.But most often damage the limbs become the bars of the cage and running wheel the wrong design. Hamsters love to climb the walls and ceiling of the cell. If one foot gets stuck between the bars, then hanging out on it all the weight and trying to escape, the animal increases the injury. Therefore, each owner must submit, what to do if a hamster has a broken leg.
Symptoms of a fracture
Minor injuries (bruises, sprains) often go unnoticed. To understand that the rodent injured leg, only releasing him for a walk. In the cage is difficult to say whether the limping pet. Hamster hiding in the house, the activity is reduced, and a few days later he behaves as if nothing had happened.
If the jammed pet only hurt a little skin abrasion is washed with antiseptic and a quick healer.
But when the hamster broke her foot, and to ignore it is impossible. The limb swells, can be twisted at an unnatural angle, dragging when walking. In a closed fracture will bruise (foot crimson or blue), open wound and bleeding, visible damaged bone.
Do not try to probe the fracture. Should not do it even for a specialist in a veterinary clinic: bone of rodents is too thin to evaluate the condition of your fingers. Pointless to cause the animal additional suffering.
Modern digital x-ray allows to see the fracture even the most tiny animals. If the injury is obvious, the owner often questions the need to do an x – ray- it is so clear that the hamster broke his leg. Pictures are needed in order to distinguish fracture from dislocation and to obtain a complete picture of the injury. Without this it is difficult to give a prognosis and prescribe treatment.
Care for a hamster with an injury
In a closed fracture, the owners rarely treat the hamster to the clinic. In their own way they are right: regardless of the type of injury, if there is no damage to the skin, wounds, care will be assigned the same
Hamster transplanted into small plastic carrier for a period of 2 weeks. Walk not released.
In the absence of carrying used a regular plastic bucket, a bowl or a deep container.
If it is not possible to transplant the victim of the lattice cells, then clean all toys (wheel, tunnels), stairs, second floor.
Litter replaced with shredded napkins to the animal stopped digging and digging.
If it has a damaged front paw, the hamster should not be allowed to fill the cheek pouches. The rodent will be difficult to get out of meals, and you will experience inflammation. Grain mixture in the small bowl will help keep the cage clean. Must be secured a complete and balanced diet of hamster. The rest is all that is required pet.
Closed fracture the paws of the hamster does not lead to death, although often left limp, if the bones fused incorrectly. This is not the case, if the injury is more serious open fracture.
If you can not bring a rodent to the vet, first aid is at home. Limitation of movement, as in the case of ordinary injury. To protect the wound from infection is almost impossible, but you need to make every effort. Otherwise, there purulent inflammation, gangrene, and sometimes even sepsis (blood poisoning).
Care for a hamster with an open fracture
The risk of infection is very high. An Elizabethan collar on rodents do not wear, so the hamster will not hurt anything to lick the wound. Saliva they are not curative, but rather contains a lot of dangerous germs. Litter, food, and even feces get into the wound and heavily polluting it.
Daily treatment of the wound with antiseptic (2-4 times a day)
Use chlorhexidine, Miramistin, an aqueous solution furatsilina. Rinse profusely under the pressure. It is convenient to use a plastic syringe without a needle. The warm solution causes less discomfort, so the drug is not stored in the refrigerator and additionally warm before the procedure.
On a fresh wound, do not use ointments (Levomekol, Sintomitsinovoy emulsion), but they can be useful in case of purulent inflammation. Powder (Baneuoqin, Streptocid) is not prescribed for extensive wounds because they contribute to the formation of crusts and the development of infection under it.
If the hamster broke his leg a few days ago and it has festered, used systemic antibiotics – injections baytril, enroxil or ordinary human bitsillina-3, diluted with water for injection.
Maintenance of cleanliness in the cage
Litter from sawdust is replaced with scraps of tissue paper. Changed daily to prevent fecal matter. Food is in the trough in small portions to the animal is not a stockpile.
What NOT to do in fractures of the hamster
Consider what actions broken legs the hamster not only have a therapeutic effect, but only worsen the problem.
Give calcium and unusual products
Excess calcium in the diet does not accelerate the accretion of the fracture, but on the buds gives a substantial load. Tips to use the calcium gluconate, give to chew calcium tablets are not substantiated. It is inadmissible to introduce in the diet of dairy products (cheese, yogurt), if earlier, the Homa not tried them. To die from digestive disorders hamster is much easier than from a fracture.
If the specialist in the veterinary clinic offers to fix the limb, it means that he used to work with cats and dogs, not rodents.
Reasons why hamsters are not splint a broken paw
External fixation not only helps "save the foot", but on the contrary – is guaranteed to lead to her loss.
Hamster chewing plaster
To protect the bandage from the teeth impossible. Gypsum should be applied anew each day. Immobilization of the bones in this case is questionable: trying to remove the plaster, hamster disturbs broken paw is stronger than when walking without it. Even if the owners agree to regular dressings, plaster it is impossible to impose. If the plaster is damaged partially, the parts of the limbs free of bandages, badly swollen. If the plaster cast has been fitted so firmly that the animal cannot remove it, it would chew off its own limb together with gypsum. Instinct prompts to be freed from the "trap" at any cost.
When splinting of such small animals is a high risk of passing tissue. It causes necrosis of the entire foot. May begin sepsis, which would not have happened with a closed injury. If a cast is too loose, without breaking the flow – it just slides with tiny feet.
In dogs and cats is the gold standard for the treatment of fractures is osteosynthesis by a metal structure. In hamsters, this technique is impossible because of the tiny size.
Appeal to the specialist will help you understand what to do if your hamster has a broken paw. Your doctor may prescribe painkillers (meloxicam) for 1-3 days to prevent a painful shock. Then, depending on the nature of the injury, the surgeon will prescribe rest or amputation of the injured limb.
No need to ask the doctor to "save a limb at any cost." Hamsters and other animals can lead a full life on three legs. If the damaged rear leg amputation are more favorable: there are cases when the hamster lived a long life and was active in the absence of both hind legs. The surgery is performed under General anesthesia, for hamsters local anesthetics (lidocaine) is deadly. The safe gas (inhalant) anesthesia (isoflurane, sevoflurane), it is impossible to overdose on. Timely intervention allows you to create a neat stump, to avoid necrosis and sepsis. Possible complications associated with razgryzaniya seams, but they are rare.
Fracture foot hamster – a great grief for the owner, but the right action in this situation will help the pet to survive the trauma and recover.