Be careful when choosing a pet.Rare no color, no entreaties of children should not influence the decision: the disease of hamsters, which is called "wet tail", is highly contagious and often ends in death of the animal.
Symptoms and differential diagnosis
Disease "wet tail" is insidious because it can not be detected in infected hamster within 1-2 weeks. Long incubation period makes it possible to purchase a sick animal. Most often sore calves aged 3-8 weeks.
Another name for this bacterial infection proliferative ileitis, because it affects primarily the ileum. The main symptom is profuse diarrhea, first water, then blood. The rear half of the torso of the animal looks wet. Can be rectal prolapse, caused by constant spasms of the intestine. Due to severe diarrhea, dehydration, and hamsters die within 2-3 days after onset of illness. The diagnosis is made only on the basis of clinical signs. Characteristic sharp fetid smell of feces.
Nonspecific symptoms – refusal of food and water, depression (animals lethargic, a little move). Sometimes changing the behaviour of a dog for a day or two before diarrhea hamster becoming aggressive, nervous at taking on my hands and bite.
It is important to distinguish the disease "wet tail" from the other problems in the hamster. Wondering why the hamster wet the coat, the owner does not always pay attention to the localization problem. When abundant salivation and wet fur will be glued on the neck and breast. In this case, it is a mistake to say that the hamster is sick. These rodents vomiting is not possible for anatomical reasons. Probable problems with your teeth or cheek pouches. Wet wool in the nose indicates the presence of precipitates and the problem with the respiratory system.
Raw belly and the wet tail of the Djungarian hamster is a symptoms of severe diarrhea, but not specific proliferative ileitis. Jungaria "wet tail" is called colibacillus, "wettaildisease" – the specific problem of Syrian hamsters.
Often the owner can't understand why a hamster wet. Looking for the fault troughs, or deciding that the hamster "peed", the host loses time.
The fight against pathogen
As proliferative ileitis causes intracellular bacteria (Lawsoniaintracellularis, intracellular bacterium,the Syrians, and Escherichiacoli, E. coli, from Djungarian hamsters), the required antibiotic that can penetrate cells of the intestine. The drug must be toxic to a tiny rodent (effective in other species of animals chloramphenicol and tetracycline, are contraindicated in hamsters).
Sometimes use human medication (suspension inside): Biseptol (combination of 2 drugs: trimethoprim+sulfamethoxazole). Widely known Enterofuril (nifuroxazide) can cope with Escherichia coli, but not with the causative agent of "wet tail" in Syrian hamsters.
Standard treatment – the veterinary antibiotic "Baytril a 2.5%", subcutaneously with 0.4 ml (10 mg) per 1 kg mass. If a hamster weighs 250 g, its dose – 0.1 ml of the Drug in the quantity administered 1 time per day, but in severe cases, 2 times a day, 7-14 days.
Fight against dehydration
It is the loss of fluid causes the death of diseased animals. When profuse diarrhea, dehydration occurs rapidly. To use the liquid inside is useless – will transit. Intravenous injection (IV) hamsters do because of the small size of the animals. Therefore, use of the intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injection. Prick "in the skin" under the skin, maybe even the owner himself, and injections "in the belly" carries a veterinarian.
Use Fingerlickin, and if not – normal saline (NaCl 0,9%) at a dose of 40 ml per 1 kg of weight (4-8 ml / Syrian, and 2 ml of Jungaria). Prescribed and 5% glucose. Injections should be done 2-3 times a day. The main solutions you can add a tonic preparations ascorbic acid, "Catotal".
It is necessary to keep a sick animal warm and dry. Cage is cleaned daily, replaced with fresh bedding to the hamster didn't infect himself again and again. Excluded succulent feed.
When the disease "wet tail" in the hamster, even a timely start, competent treatment is often useless. Without treatment the mortality rate is 90-100 %. Sometimes the owner refuses to the designated pet therapy, arguing that the antibiotic is toxic to the liver, and injections – stress for the hamster. However, these injections with a deadly diarrhea – chance of survival for the tiny rodent.
- a two-week quarantine for each purchased new individuals;
- buying a hamster is not the pet market and in the kennel, the breeder with an impeccable reputation;
- a balanced diet and prevention of stress;
- hygiene: regular washing of cages and accessories;
If the previous hamster had the disease "wet tail", you need to thoroughly disinfect all the equipment before acquiring a new pet. The cage wash with soap and water, treated with a product containing bleach. You can scald with boiling water. After treatment cell ventilated for 2 months.
Noticing hamster wet tail, examine the diet, give the baby rice water and get ready to sound the alarm. Homyakovo better to know in advance what the doctor (catalogo) he may appeal to the city in case of trouble. The question of why the hamster wet tail should not arise – it is 100% a sign of diarrhea. Not every diarrhea is deadly to pet enteritis, is an ordinary indigestion due to improper feeding. But you need to be alert.