What to feed a water turtle: the correct diet for ornamental aquarium turtles

General requirements

Decorative aquatic turtles eat animal and plant food.During the period of active formation of the body, young individuals eat rich protein foods, including insects and raw fish. Using natural diet items are better assimilated.

Adult aquatic turtle feed in a day or two. After a year in the menu slider content of plant foods increases to 50%.

A single portion is determined so that after 30 minutes the pet is completely ate it. The young turtle is usually enough for 2-3 pieces the size of 1 cm3. The size of the pieces for the adults can be a little big. If after 30 minutes the aquarium is the food, the volume of portions for the next time you need to reduce.

Because of the peculiarities of the esophagus of homemade aquatic turtle food for it is not thermally treated. Right to offer pet products at room temperature. Hot and cold food can cause refusal to eat, or cause disease.

To feed the little decorative turtle with tweezers, or leaving food in the aquarium. Some owners of Pets trained to eat on land. Most reptiles prefer to carry lunch into the water, making it necessary to frequently change. In order to preserve the vivariums clean, feed water decorative turtle in a separate container with water.

In autumn and winter and reptiles usually eat less frequently, but in large volumes. In spring and summer prefer to eat less but more often. Special rules of feeding turtles seasons does not exist. Changes in diet are needed only for animals that are preparing for hibernation and come out of it.

Harmful and useful products

Small water turtles at home we only eat what offers people. Grovel in order to ensure a balanced diet, you need to use a varied list of products. Food for aquatic turtles combined with a natural diet.

A situation when at home water turtles eat from the human table Dating. To trust the tastes of a pet is not necessary. Dry food for other animals and food for people are not suitable for reptiles.

Fish and seafood

The fauna of freshwater lakes and ponds is a natural homemade food for aquatic turtles. Food for reptiles is suitable of low-fat river fish. You can give small bones and innards entirely. The big fish crushed the bones of large finely chopped, or pounded. Fatty fish, such as capelin, sprat, whitebait and herring, can be given.

Suitable varieties:

  • heck;
  • cod;
  • perches;
  • Pollock;
  • carp;
  • bream.

Aquatic turtles at home eat small crustaceans. The most popular among them live gammarus and other members of the genus amphipods, Daphnia.

Crabs and shrimp can be given raw. Occasionally you need to treat the pet, mussels and oysters without shells and octopus tentacles. A pond slider turtles love squid, but their Pets can not feed. Reptiles such food from the turbid to the eye.

Meat and offal

Meat from animals is hard on the digestive system of reptiles. To feed a small turtle it is not recommended. Even adult individuals are absolutely can not give fatty meat varieties, including pork and lamb. Pond slider turtles do not offer chicken, no cheese, or boiled. Beef can't leave any pieces or in the form of meat.

It is strictly forbidden to treat reptiles with factory sausages, sausages and pates. The food is not digested, and spices, and preservatives have a negative impact on animal health.

To nourish the body with vitamin A, turtles occasionally need to give beef liver and heart. Reptiles eat only raw foods. Animal proteins after the heat treatment poorly absorbed by the digestive system of a freshwater predator. Slider turtles can eat feed mice and frogs.

Plant foods

A small turtle need to be fed carrots and lettuce leaves, if she is interested in them. With other vegetables that need a lot of care. Products with a high content of oxalates and phosphorus harmful, because they interfere with the absorption of calcium.

Offer freshwater carnivore citrus, berries and fruits with caution. One of the most safe products is Apple. The tortoise can eat the flesh without the bones. In limited quantities it is possible to give a pear, banana, melon, watermelon apricot, raspberries and strawberries. Fruit seeds and peels of citrus trachemys turtles harmful.

To prevent the disease of goiter, you should avoid foods containing strumogennoe substances. They interact with the iodine, preventing its absorption, and contribute to tissue growth of the thyroid gland. Therefore, trachemys turtles do not give cabbage, turnips, beans, soy and nuts.

Aquatic turtles eat herbal plants and algae. Suitable freshwater duckweed, water hyacinth, piste and Ceratophyllum. In the list of allowed herbs are non-poisonous meadow plants, including clover, dandelions and daisies. Many reptiles like germinated barley and oats.

Insects and shellfish

Feeding aquatic turtles can live in water larvae, including bloodworms and koretra. Food suitable terrestrial insects. Often, trachemys turtles crickets and grasshoppers have become a favorite treat. Across are pod borer, the larva of a fly of livingi and earthworms. Topobase before use is required to decapitate. Insects can be fed live, dried or frozen.

The clams absorbed in the digestive system of reptiles. Snails can be offered live or frozen-thawed. Slugs without shells turtles better not to give, as a protective function in their body perform toxic substances.

Among the treats for the pet include:

  • coils;
  • ampulyarii;
  • physical;
  • Maryse;
  • terrestrial snails.

It is acceptable to treat Pets aquatic turtles anatinae reached 1-1. 5 cm in length.

Maggots in composition are a good feed, but getting into the stomach of a turtle continue the cycle of life. As the larva causes around the processes of decomposition, it can irritate the mucous membranes of the organs reptiles. Meal worm contains a lot of fat and few other nutrients, so it is recognized as useless.

Other products

Turtle eating from the human table is doomed to disease. Reptiles is harmful to eat bread, cereals, flavored and thermally treated meals. Even the crab sticks are made from fish waste, unpalatable for animal forage.

It is impossible to offer turtles dairy products, including cheese. Calcium, the animal gets from the fish bones and chitin shells of insects. Eggs cause the red-eared terrapins flatulence, so they too are banned. As a source of calcium can be used crushed shells from boiled eggs.

Dry food

If the turtle eats only dried and canned products, it loses vitamins and useful elements. Factory dry food — easy to use, stores well and may serve one dish in the diet of turtles. To choose quality products, you need to pay attention to the composition.

Many varieties are produced on the basis of dried meat, which is hard to digest and pond slider turtles and contains little nutrients. Among these it is impossible to pick up a dish for the base menu reptiles. Permissible incidental use if the tortoise in addition to forage gets other food.

Examples:

  • JBL will probaby;
  • JBL Gammarus;
  • Tetra Gammarus;
  • Tetra Gammarus Mix;
  • Zooworld Tortie.

From the company Tetrafauna you can pick up a mono feed where there is only one kind of food such as Daphnia or grasshoppers. They are easy to combine with food and use as treats. The same role can execute brownies canned crickets.

Varieties of content fish and fish meal is better food based on the meat. Leaders in the manufacture of these are JBL and Tetrafauna. Composition based on fish and shrimp enriched with larvae and insects. A good blend can be used for interleaving with natural products as a full meal.

Examples:

  • JBL Agil;
  • JBL Schildkrotenfutter;
  • JBL Energil;
  • Sera Raffy I;
  • Sera Raffy Royal;
  • Tetra ReptoMin Baby.

The composition of the feed for aquatic turtles can be dairy products, eggs, brewer's yeast, dyes and preservatives. Owners should carefully examine the label to weed out options with harmful impurities.

Live feed

The turtle at the aquarium, it is useful to hunt small fish and snails. Fresh food pleasant to the taste for reptiles and keeps a maximum of useful substances. Snails, fish and larvae can grow your own and save on the factory rear. For this you will need a separate container, as close to a reptile live feed will not have time to multiply.

The most unpretentious for cultivation of house — snails. Many molluscs are hermaphrodites, for reproduction it is sufficient to put several specimens in the aquarium. Favourable for cultivation temperature is 22-28 °C, as a suitable feed kelp, cooked vegetables, rotten leaves. The capacity of snail to close, so they do not unravel. It is easier to start with just coils.

In a tank with clams, you can breed fish. For experienced turtle owners often bred guppies, because of their simplicity and fecundity. If the containers are home to fish, snails do not need additional fertilizing.

If there is no food for the red-eared terrapins can to catch frogs, tadpoles and land snails. River snails can be carriers of parasites, so to treat their pet is not recommended. Earthworms need to dig away from the fields because farmers can cultivate the land from pests.

Homework

You can cook pet food with their hands. Snails are subject to freezing. For this they rinse and not rubbing, closed in a cool place in a container. Frozen moisture forms an icy crust, which contributes to long-term storage.

Of gammarus crustacean, Daphnia, bloodworms and koretra can be dried at home by yourself. On a wooden frame stretched gauze. Design install in a ventilated area to provide air circulation top and bottom. It is advisable to choose a place away from sunlight. The raw material is distributed over the gauze evenly and allowed to stand until dry.

 

Product Can It is possible in a small amount Not
Vegetables Carrots Zucchini Cabbage
Salad of field (valerianella) Cucumber Potatoes
Watercress Iceberg Lettuce Sweet potato
Lettuce Romaine Lettuce Spinach
Pumpkin Radish
Arugula salad Turnips
Radishes
Tomatoes
Asparagus
Eggplant
Bow
Garlic
Fruits and berries Apple Avocado
Pear Garnet
Apricot Red currant
Watermelon Black currants
Banana Citrus
Cherry
Melon
Kiwi
Raspberry
Strawberry
Mango
Greens Dandelion Beet tops Azalea
Clover Violet Schefflera
The carrot tops Geranium Nightshade
Plantain Calendula Hydrangea
Goutweed Snapdragons Rhododendron
Sedge Mallow Lily
Oats Radish leaves Zekelman
Fescue The leaves of Jerusalem artichoke Mistletoe
Quack grass The leaves of a turnip Lupin
Wheat Dill Ficus
Barley The leaves of chayote Juniper
Raspberry leaves Mustard field Delphinium
Borodavkin Strawberries Lobelia
Valerianella Cardamine Jasmine
Cornflower Ivan-tea Euphorbia
Geranium Clatonia Narcissus
Gerardia field Cinquefoil Periwinkle
Bell The horse radish Morning glory
Salsify Bedstraw Krokus
Echinops Daisy Lily of the valley
Forget-me-not Winter cress Monstera
Rose Turicnik Azalea
Eryngium Meadowsweet Oleander
Smyrna Parsley
Umbilicus Wormwood
Millet Mac
Cortaderia Len
Echeveria Sorrel
Meat Feed mice Lamb
Beef liver Pork
Chicken liver Chicken
Chicken heart Beef
Turkey liver Pork offal
Lamb liver Canned
Sausage
Sausage
Fish Pollock Capelin
Cod Herring
Heck Mackerel
Kamala Sprat
Cod Herring
Halibut
Whiting
Sea cucumber
Carp
Bream
Cod
Bleak
Guppies
Zebrafish
Algae and aquatic plants Aponogeton Watercress, the watercress Bakola
Loosestrife Piste Iris
Cabomba Aquatica Karolinska duckweed Trapa
Ceratophyllum A series of Trifid Reed
Peristolic Impatiens
Mazus creeping Eyhorniya canadian
Horsetail
Seafood Daphnia Gammarus raw Squid
Crabs Tubifex
Aquarium shrimp Mussels
Crayfish Octopus
Dairy products Any dairy products
Insects and shellfish Earthworms

 

The caterpillar of the tobacco hawk Maggot
Grasshoppers Meal worm Amber snail
Locust Zophobas Luzanky
Crickets Woodlice Pond street
Marble cockroaches Motyl Slugs are without shells
Turkmen cockroaches Land snail
Moth Helix pomatia
The larvae of flies of livingi Garden Sepia
Coil Forest snail
Ampulyarii Caracoles
Helena Achatina
Neretina Caviar shellfish
Melania
Marisa
Brotia
What to feed a water turtle: the correct diet for ornamental aquarium turtles
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