White patches on the shell turtles and tortoises

Why do slider turtles white shell?

The owners are lovely reptiles often do not know what to do if their little darling was covered with strange white spots.To determine the type of pathogen and the exact causes of the changes of the external appearance of reptiles it is necessary to conduct clinical examination of a turtle using laboratory diagnostic methods.

Can manifest as white patches

Light stains or unpleasant cotton-like plaque on the body lovely pet often means the defeat of the animal pathogenic fungi. Independently to diagnose and treat the patient from the water of white spots is not recommended.

Even with the same pathology may have different manifestation of clinical symptoms:

  • the carapace of the aquatic turtles is completely white;
  • on the back or the skin of the pet has white spots or points;
  • the animal was covered with light bloom;
  • the body of reptiles, shrouded in the whitish film or web.

Any of these symptoms requires immediate treatment in veterinary clinic, in the absence of treatment of white spots can be formed foci of necrosis, which lead to deformation of the shell and the death of a pet. If the turtle with an unusual bloom became lethargic, often opens his mouth, it beeps and refuses to eat, the account can go for hours. A similar pattern is observed in pneumonia, complicated with tinea.

In what diseases white shell

Stress-inducing factors, disturbance of feeding and the maintenance lead to a number of pathologies, manifested by formation of white spots on the body of the red-eared terrapins.

Violation of molting

Hyperkeratosis that develops in the presence of systemic pathologies in the animal body, poor circulation, lack of vitamins and microelements, the content of the bugs in hard or salt water. In pathology of armor and leather, aquatic pet is covered with white skin patches that look like white film. The animal behaves normally, odors or exterior changes are observed.

The saprolegnioza

Pathology caused by pathogenic fungi Saprolegnia parpsitica. Under the action of an infectious agent on the shell of the animal is observed the formation of vatoobraznye of a light touch, reminiscent of the web. On the walls of the aquarium and observed the gray film, turtle in motion reserves the white trail. Gradually, the flaps begin to deform and crumble, the skin white granulomas are formed that turn into bleeding ulcers. The turtle becomes lethargic, refuses food, in severe cases there is paralysis of the limbs and blood poisoning.

Ringworm

A group of diseases caused by fungi of the genera Candida and Aspergillus. The emergence of the disease contributes to reduced immunity in reptiles as a result of prolonged treatment with antibiotics, with poor feeding and maintenance of animals. The skin of the turtle turns red, the back formed a bright spot, with the development of the inflammatory process, the shell is deformed, the skin formed numerous ulcers, a decrease in activity, the failure of limbs and blood poisoning. If untreated, the animal may die.

Necrosis

It is a degenerative process of dying tissue as a result of action of pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Pathology develops on the background of ringworm or mechanical damage to the integrity of the shell. In the beginning of the disease on the feet, the head and limbs of a turtle, there are bright spots that eventually darken, swelling in the neck, extremities, deformation of shell, the loss of claws. Under the action of necrotic microflora occurs the melting of the hard and soft tissues, leading to exhaustion, blood poisoning and death.

Ulcerative dissecting disease armour

The disease most often occurring in violation of the integrity of the shell. The causative agents of diseases are the pathogenic fungi Саndidа albicans and bacteria Aegosoma hydropholy. Injured ulcers, covered with white bloom. During the development process, an increase in size and merge ulcerative lesions, deformity of the carapace and the development of necrosis.
All pathologies require specific treatment, which is assigned a specialist after determining the cause and diagnosis.

Treatment

If white spots from peeling skin caused by disruption of molting, it is necessary to clean the shell of the water pet from the skin flaps, to adjust the diet with addition of vitamin-mineral complexes and to increase the duration of coverage. The detection of pathogenic fungus therapeutic measures aimed at the destruction of the pathogen of the disease and relief of concomitant symptoms.

Treatment of fungal infections in pond slider turtles:

  • swimming turtles in antibacterial and antifungal solutions: TetraMedica FungiStop, potassium permanganate, methylene blue;
  • treatment of the skin and carapace fungicidal ointments: nizoral, triderm, clotrimazole, mikospor, lamisil, mecasermin, mikozolon and antibacterial spray Zoomicon;
  • therapeutic baths in a decoction of chamomile or oak bark;
  • irradiation with ultraviolet lamp for reptiles;
  • disinfection aquarium and care for the animals;
  • injection vitamin product leovet;
  • proper feeding with the addition of raw sea fish, beef offal, vegetables, fruits and berries.

Depending on the condition of the little patient and neglect the pathology treatment takes from 2-3 weeks to several months.

Prevention

Mycoses of aquatic turtles long enough and are hard to treat. In order to avoid unpleasant ailments are advised to observe preventive measures:

  • regular washing and disinfection of the cage with methylene blue;
  • use for daily cleaning of pool, air conditioners, antibacterial agents, and water softeners;
  • ensuring animal landfall;
  • the arrangement of the terrarium under fluorescent lighting and a UV lamp for reptiles that are installed at a height of 25-30 cm;
  • a balanced diet with added vitamin and mineral supplements.

White spots on the carapace of tortoises

White spots on the back of tortoises indicate the development of various pathologies, the need for Herpetology. The most common causes of the appearance on the carapace with white spots, are pathology.

Mechanical damage

Flaps injuries when falling from heights, attacked by dogs, hit by a car or animal cruelty. Cracks and chips on the shell land reptiles like a dry white scaly patches that cannot be rubbed off mechanically.

Fungal diseases

Diseases caused by pathogenic fungi Aspergillus spp. Candida spp. Incornatum Fusarium, Mucor sp., Penicillium spp. Paecilomyces lilacinus. Unlike water relatives fungal diseases in tortoises are manifested by the formation of scaly white dots on the shell, dry stratification flaps and weeping ulcers on the skin. Fungal infections can be removed easily with any metal object.

Rickets

The metabolic disorders associated with inadequate intake of animal calcium and vitamin D. When the disease is marked softening and deformation of the protective scutes and bones of the limbs, swollen eyes and bleeding, sometimes the shell of reptiles acquires a white color.

Prevention

The prevention of formation of abnormal white spots on the shell of land turtles is correction of diet. Unlike fellow Central Asian water turtles mainly eat plant food, be sure to feed the pet introduces calcium and vitamin supplements for reptiles. Prevention of rickets and fungal diseases is considered a daily exposure of the animal source of ultraviolet radiation and the sun.

Any turtle of the sore is better to prevent than to cure. When properly organized nutrition and contents nimble exotic pet will always be healthy and active.

White patches on the shell turtles and tortoises
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