The red-eared terrapins in their natural habitat, almost sick.Most of the time exotic animals spend in the water, gracefully moving through the entire volume of the aquarium. The main external indicators of the health of reptiles are clean, dry eyes and nose, no damage to the skin and shell.
Common signs of diseases of pond slider turtles are the following symptoms:
- feed refusal;
- lethargy, apathy;
- reluctance to be in the water;
- roll when sailing, the inability to sink to the bottom or float;
- swelling of eyes and neck;
- peeling of the skin;
- exfoliation of the Horny plates;
- deformation of the shell and beak;
- discharge from nose and eyes;
- plaque, ulcers, nodules on the skin or shell;
- shallow breathing with wheezing, clicks and whistles;
- violation of the integrity of the horn plates and bone.
Usually the clinical picture is manifested in neglected cases, when to save the life of small reptiles is extremely difficult, so it is recommended to show the animal to the specialist in the first symptoms of turtle diseases.
Major diseases of aquatic turtles
To the emergence of various diseases trachemys turtles results in the decrease of the resistance of the organism of reptiles on the background of the following adverse factors:
- unbalanced feeding;
- in the absence of dietary vitamin and mineral supplements;
- insufficient feeding calcium-containing foods;
- the contents of the aquatic reptiles in cold or dirty water;
- the lack of sources of UV radiation;
- finding an animal on a dirty cold floor;
- the low temperature of water and air in the aquarium.
Infectious and non-infectious diseases of aquatic reptiles is complicated by fungal and bacterial infection that in the absence of timely competent care quite often lead to the death of Pets. To cure slider turtle alone is extremely difficult, so the correct solution when the first symptoms of turtle diseases is the timely treatment of an experienced specialist.
Cause eye diseases of reptiles is their content in dirty water, micro eyes, ingress of foreign bodies in the mucous membrane of the organs of vision, the reaction of the animal to the sharp odors, pollen of plants, the acrid smoke, the lack of vitamin A. the patient pet's eyes badly swollen, the eyelids stick together completely. Sometimes there is narrowing of the palpebral fissure or inflammation only one eye. Under the lower eyelid accumulates white-yellow cheesy exudate, there is a Muco-purulent discharge from the nose and eyes. Pet tries to sit still on land and fully refuses to feed.
Treatment of eye diseases of reptiles consists of regularly washing the eyes with a solution of ringer-Locke followed by instillation of antibacterial, anti-inflammatory or hormonal drops.
Indigestion occurs when overfed aquatic reptiles, insufficient feeding calcium-containing foods, infection with helminths or intestinal infection. This files most often have pond slider turtle diagnosed timpani – bloating of the stomach, which is characterized by increased flatulence due to the development of fermentation processes. Pathology is accompanied with pain, refusal to feed and a strong inhibition of pet. Pond slider turtle can not retract head and limbs into the shell, when swimming on the side collapses, sometimes there is vomiting and evacuation of the undigested food. Intestinal pathology of infectious nature often accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea or constipation in the stool can be detected parasites.
To relieve the painful symptoms if this was caused animal is necessary to wipout carminative syrup Drops and to inject 20% solution of calcium borogluconate or 10% solutions of calcium gluconate. During the day the animal shows a starvation diet, further feeding is fractionally small portions. Intestinal infection is treated with antibacterial, antiparasitic and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Pneumonia slider turtle develops during supercooling of the animal due to the pet waterfowl in cold water, of draughts, walking on the cold floor. Sometimes pneumonia is a complication of rhinitis or colds. Pneumonia is a deadly condition for small reptiles, so treatment should be started upon appearance of the first signs of disease, a sick animal becomes lethargic, refuses food, when swimming on the side collapses and can't jump. The turtle from the nose and foaming at the beak, dyspnea, coughing, and sneezing. Animal often pulls the neck, sits with an open beak, clicks or whistles.
Treatment of pneumonia in turtles trachemys made with the use of the course of injectable antibiotic, and vitamin preparations, also a sick animal shall be appointed anti-inflammatory trays in a warm decoction of chamomile.
Otitis media, abscesses
Inflammation of the ears or the formation of abscesses in aquatic reptile related to keeping animals in dirty water. Sometimes the cause of purulent inflammation may be trauma to the head or limbs, the lack of vitamin A and fungal infection. On the occurrence of ulcers is evidenced by the appearance of the characteristic swelling on the head or limbs, the animal becomes stiff and refuses to feed.
Abscesses and otitis reptiles are treated by surgery with subsequent prescription of antibiotic, vitamin and anti-inflammatory medications.
Careless or rough treatment of animals, fighting with other dogs, the attack on the reptile Pets, improper installation of the light sources result in bruises, cuts, wounds, scrapes, burns or fractures.
Burns, lacerations, and fractures need to be treated in a veterinary clinic. Animal are appointed antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and wound healing remedy.
Small scratches and cuts can be treated at home with disinfecting solutions with the application of a drying means.
The metabolic disorders have slider turtles, caused by lack of calcium or vitamin D, called rickets. Pathology develops on the background of unbalanced feeding, pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, the lack of a source of ultraviolet radiation. Rickets is manifested by the softening and deformation of the shell, failure of the hind limbs, swelling of the eyes, lethargy and refusal of feed. As the progression of the pathology of the swelling and bleeding, broken limbs, prolapse of the cloaca and shortness of breath.
Treatment of rickets is reduced to the normalization of conditions of keeping and feeding of aquatic reptiles, the introduction of vitamins, antibiotics, calcium, potassium and magnesium preparations. Sick turtle are appointed by the irradiation with ultraviolet lamp, anti-inflammatory bath in the decoction of chamomile.
Vitamin deficiency or vitamin a deficiency occurs in trachemys turtles when feeding unbalanced or absence in the diet of pet vitamin supplements. Against the backdrop of lack of retinol aquatic turtles have swollen eyes, develops rhinitis and stomatitis. Symptoms of vitamin deficiency And the prolonged molting, exfoliation of the Horny scutes, skin peeling, loss of the cloaca, and progressive exhaustion.
For the treatment of vitamin A deficiency shows a double injection vitamin product Elevit every 14 days.
Diseases of the oral cavity
Unbalanced feeding red turtles with a lack of vitamins A and D can lead to pathologies of the oral cavity necrotizing stomatitis, herpes and herpesvirus. Disease in aquatic reptiles manifested by edema of the mucous membrane of the mouth, abundant salivation, the appearance of the mouth purulent flakes. From the beak of a pet smell bad, the turtle becomes listless and refuses food.
Treatment of diseases of the oral cavity is carried out with the use of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, in advanced cases of pathology often end fatal.
Diseases of the shell
The stratification of the Horny scutes of the carapace from the turtle trachemys is a symptom of rickets, a fungal infection or peptic ulcer-dissecting disease of the shell. Lack of calcium and vitamin D is manifested by thickening and deformation of the armor of the animal. The defeat of the reptilian pathogenic fungi is accompanied by the formation of grayish-white residue, bubbles, and dissection flaps of the shell. Ulcerative dissecting disease of the carapace is a deep necrotic lesion of the bony structures of the patient animal exfoliated Horny scutes with the formation of red sores.
Treatment of diseases of the shell depends on the nature of the disease, the household pet is prescribed bathing in a solution of methylene blue and decoction of chamomile, irradiation with ultraviolet light for reptiles and vitamins. If necessary, the specialist conducts a therapy animal antifungal and antibacterial drugs.
Diseases of the skin
Skin diseases of aquatic reptiles developed during the lack or overdose of vitamins A and C, or fungal infections of the skin, keeping animals in dirty water, mechanical damage to the integrity of the skin. Symptoms of dermatological pathologies are peeling and swelling of the skin, the appearance of vesicles, ulcers, cracks and wounds, the formation of cotton-like plaque.
Therapy of skin diseases aquatic turtles is to use the vitamins, anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial drugs.
The best prevention of diseases of pond slider turtles is the creation of optimal conditions for the aquatic reptiles:
- beast of prey must eat the sea fish, shrimp, shellfish, snails, vegetables, herbs, liver;
- be sure to add in the diet of vitamin-mineral supplements for reptiles;
- the temperature in the aquarium should be at least 28C, and on land – not less than 30C;
- be sure to install the UV lamp for reptiles that you want to include a daily for 10-12 hours;
- in order to avoid the development of infectious and fungal diseases it is recommended to contain the reptile only in clean water with regular cleaning and disinfection of the aquarium.
To heal a sick pet at home without consulting a veterinary technician is not recommended because of the risk of the unpleasant consequences of an illiterate therapy.
The first signs of disease freshwater Pets in most cases are loss of appetite or complete refusal of feed, lethargy, apathy, lack of response to any external stimuli. In such a situation, it is recommended to consult with herpetologia, early diagnosis and treatment can extend the life of the beloved one.