The lifetime of small rats, though it is sad to realize.Newborn pups may be eaten by the relatives, the younger kids are ready to steal birds of prey, cats and dogs. The adult life of the animal is also full of dangers: people do not like such neighbors, the garbage is not filled with wholesome food, the weather is not always perfect. Wild rats in such conditions live from six months to 1.5 years if you're lucky.
How many live rats in home
Decided to put forward a different version of the lifespan of fancy rats. Peak longevity – 7 years, and it is noted in the Guinness book of records. However, practice shows that, in fact, rats live 2-2. 5 years. On an average, 100-120 rodents only 3 live to 3 years. Males can more often than females. A pet for 3 years, this is old age, and if he managed to reach 3.5 years is about the limit.
Why do rats live a little
The life of different species lies at the genetic level. It depends on the ability of the animal to reproduce. Rats can breed already 1.5 months. In the litter of a rodent can be up to 14 cubs. Lactating rat is ready to get pregnant and give birth to a new offspring. For this reason, it is impossible to keep in one cage animals of different sexes: it is an extra burden on the female.
Another reason of short life – fast metabolism. Because of this, the rat may die without food after 2 days.
How different periods of life of rats of different breeds
To date, displayed a few species of rats, which differ in the structure of the wool, color, the location of the ears. There is a breed of tailless rodents. Although it is a moot point whether they can be distinguished as a separate breed. If you take some of the most famous rocks, we get the following:
- standards – rats, similar to the wild. They can have different colors, e.g., blue rat is distinguished by the azure tint coat;
- bald Sphynx animals without wool;
- Rexes have short curly hair;
- double Rex – shedding rats with hair of different lengths;
- Dumbo – animals with a large "elephant" ears;
- husky — the color is like a dog of the same breed;
- satin – animals with a thin shiny coat.
This is an indicative list, which will allow to allocate a separate breed for their endurance.
Least of all live white rats of different breeds. This is due to the fact that they were bred as laboratory animals, therefore, have in their genome a certain damage. Animals rarely reach 2 years of age.
Quite vulnerable sphinxes. The lack of hair increases the risk of skin injuries and related infections. Naked body suffers from temperature variations and sunburn.
Tailless individuals are deprived of the balance wheel, which increases the risk of injury. The tail also serves as a protection of the back of the animal.
What determines the lifespan of a rodent
A feature of these rodents is that many lines were removed for laboratory testing. This means that the animals were selected and bred with desired qualities. Some carry the gene for obesity – line Zucker, the other "ground" under the arterial hypertension, rats with high blood pressure. For science were in demand animals with oncogenes and immune deficiency. If the rat is carrying this gene have a high risk of developing the disease, and how long the animal will survive with this heredity, it is difficult to predict.
The second dangerous moment – inbreeding – inbreeding when the offspring degenerates. Such animals derive not only for research but also for food.
If rats disorders at the genetic level, she won't live long.
To avoid buying laboratory or feed the animal, you cannot buy the pet market, the pet store or on Craigslist. You should select the animal in clubs of fans of rodents, having come on specialized forum. So there is a chance to buy potentially healthy pet. One of the decorative lines of elimination – Wistar.
From what suddenly dead animals
The life of a domestic animal on open range threat. The house is full of inedible detergents and cleaning products, by-wire is the current: you have to understand that the rat will bite into it everything will be in its field of view. The apartment owners do not always look at their feet and tend to move heavy furniture in those places where just wandering around is a curious animal. Fatal can result in a nasty fall after climbing in the curtains or the careless access to the balcony.
Terriers, dachshunds and cats with a strong hunting instinct pose a mortal threat to hand rodent. Through the open door the pampered pet can get out to the street where the chances of survival had not. All these troubles can be avoided if you keep an animal in a cage, walking under supervision in a fenced off area.
Very anxious Pets can die from a heart attack, afraid of something.
How to extend the life of your pet
Based on the fact that the average life span of a rat for 2 years, you can try to extend this by surrounding the animal with attention and care.
Easier to prevent the illnessthan to deal with the consequences. Competent care will allow you to avoid many problems. A rat cage should be cleaned regularly, and wash using a sanitizing solution of low concentration. The water in the troughs should be clean, it needs to be changed every day. It is better to use plain filtered water. You should regularly remove residues of food which decompose and can cause disease.
Avoid pine litter. It is not suitable for rodents. You can use corn or just make animals out of toilet paper.
Not SuperCool pet. Drafts and improper positioning of the cells can trigger a cold.
Newly acquired beast put separately on quarantine, so he didn't infect the old inhabitants of the cell. Purchase UV lamp for the disinfection of the premises. Find a vet that specializes in rodents to contact him in case of illness.
Monitoring the health status
Habit to watch the Pets will allow you to learn a lot about them, but at the same time and to notice the signs of incipient disease. If the animal is not eating, stopped playing, looks lethargic or has discharge from the nose or eyes, and the fur was ruffled and unkempt – to seek medical attention immediately. Infections occur in rodents very quickly, so there is a risk of losing the animal. Diarrhea that is not associated with an excess of vegetables too, speaks of the disease.
Inspect the feces of the pet, it can be worms – worms. Should be alert the fact that the rat is intensely itchy – there is a risk of parasitic diseases. Requires attention and rodent podvorachivaetsya hind legs is a common problem of aging rats. Animals of advanced age are prone to tumors, heart attacks and strokes.
The conditions of detention
How many years of living rats is directly related to conditions of detention. It affects:
- cage size – not less than 60х40х50 cm (width-length-height) on 2 animals, and for females is it better to do high multi-level cells, and for males important floor space;
- equipment cage – hammocks, shelves, etc.;
- the neighborhood rats are pack animals, so keeping together the better of two, three, but not more than four animals of the same sex;
- the possibility of walking in a gated community or sofa;
- sports activity in the form of stripe of obstacles in the play area;
- the attention of the owner. Rats – gentle creatures privyazalsya to person;
- protected space / shelters as stress prevention.
If pet rat lives in this room, even with regular walking, it helps her to maintain health and good mood.
A balanced diet of grains, small amounts of fruits and vegetables with the periodic addition of the protein component will allow the animal to feel good. Do not feed the animals food from the table or to overfeed their high-calorie products. For the prevention of dental diseases should be kept in a cage mineral stone grinding cutters.
If decorative rat in the home lives comfortably, then it is more likely to reach the "respectable" age. Although the term of the life of a pet is small, it will saturate the life of a master of vivid impressions and deep affection.