The rodent diet determines its health, and therefore quality of life.Here already appeared on the shelves of plastic rice, imported from China, and fruits and vegetables are stored for years due to the special processing means. Off-season watermelons contain large amounts of nitrates, and over the dairy products conjure chemists.
If the human body is able to digest the "achievements" of modern technologies, rats, such harmful products.
Products that you can't give a rats
If the health of your pet is important to you, do not feed him from the table. Think it is OK, if you give the rodent a piece of Apple, or chicken biscuit, but it's not. Rat may waive the provisions of its feed in order to receive a high proportion of fats and carbohydrates. To wean accustomed to a common table, the animal will be difficult, and therefore, the end of a balanced diet.
Categorically you can't give a rodent alcohol, fried, smoked, salted, pickled, fatty food, sodas and sweets.
Grain and cereals
Cereal is a staple in the diet of rats, but they are not equal in importance. Wheat – rich, high-calorie product, it can be given to rats, but we must remember that it must be supplemented by other components. The mixture may include oats, buckwheat, corn, rye, barley or pearl barley, rice, millet or millet. These grains are not equivalent. Buckwheat is a dietary low-calorie product, and corn, on the contrary. Oats need to add in a small amount, excess can cause fermentation. Rice – non-nutritive product, so you should find a mix with wild rice or crude version of grits.
Semolina contains nothing useful, so this product should be excluded from the diet. Barley or wheat grits – suitable for cereals. Porridge is useful only weakened, emaciated animals or youngsters. Adult rats should give them only as a treat.
Vegetables and herbs
Vegetables fall under the ban products that cause fermentation: white and red cabbages, Savoy and Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower. Rats can eat broccoli in small amounts. Strong leg raise radishes, turnips and radishes, and all types of legumes: beans, peas, beans and lentils. Caution should be given sweet peppers, some animals give him the same reaction. You can sometimes offer cooked green beans, if she does not cause the pet "jeep". Carrots, squash, zucchini and pumpkin is a delicious and useful products. Cucumbers in excess amounts will cause diarrhea. Eggplants are only good cooked, solanine in raw vegetables can cause poisoning. Artichokes, too, can give only boiled. Potatoes will not bring any benefit to the animal. In its raw form, it is contraindicated in animals, and is cooked as ballast. However, some rodents that would eat potatoes.
Vegetables, fruits and vegetables should be given daily in a small amount is 10-12 g.
Dill, cilantro, parsley, Basil and celery – healthy products for animals, you can give them every day. They are not only safe, but also help to digest protein-rich foods. Onion, garlic and leek is not good because of the sweet smells that irritate the digestive tract. They should be given occasionally and in limited quantities. Acidic vegetables such as tomatoes, rhubarb, and sorrel, too, can damage the delicate walls of the stomach of the rodent. Should not be given to animals, and spinach. Beet carries another danger – the laxative effect, it should be given with caution. Lettuce, don't have a specific bitterness, mainly suitable for animals.
Mushrooms fit the white, aspen, boletus and champignons. Mushrooms – not the main food, so feed them occasionally and only need boiled. It is impossible to give the animal conditionally edible mushrooms, even if they are safe for humans.
You should immediately eliminate from the diet of rats all citrus because of the acid. Occasionally you can give a piece of sweet Mandarin. Forest and garden berries should be sorted according to their level of acid. So the cranberry is useful in many respects, because of its taste should be given with caution.
Cherry will fit more than the cherry. Never give the animals the seeds of fruit trees or citrus. They can be poisonous to rodents. You should pay attention to the special properties of fruit. Chokeberry and cherry are fixed, and plum is weak. It is necessary to take into account when choosing food. Pear can cause fermentation in some individuals. Melons can be given in small quantities and only in season, because they accumulate nitrates.
Dried fruit is too sweet and can cause fermentation. Give them caution, in the form of treats.
Nuts and seeds
Priceless plant protein and plenty of vitamins derive these products first by their value. However, they are all too fat to be able to feed them ad libitum. Nuts can be given as a treat or as a small Supplement to the main feed. Of seeds you can feed a rat a pumpkin or watermelon, seeds of apples and sunflower seeds. Do not give rats almonds, and exotic nuts, such as Brazil.
Decorative rat eats dairy products, but some animals are lactose intolerant. Regular milk does not have to give the rodent, but dairy, in small quantities, can't hurt. However, you can't feed homemade rat sour cream, cheese or cream because of the high fat content of these products. Animals useful cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, yogurt without additives and sugar, yogurt, kefir, acidophilus milk. All these products must have a fat content of 2-4%. Low fat foods – less natural. "Kislomolochny" should be selected with a short shelf life, the better the nursery, or from farms.
Twice, maybe three times a week the animals are supposed to get animal protein. The table may be made by:
- cooked lean meat;
- chicken or quail eggs "hard boiled";
- meal worm, zoofobus (zophobas), gammarus;
- a cat or dog dry food high quality.
Poultry can be given a chicken breast, but it is better the Turkey that are not fed growth hormones. The ungulates can take beef, lean lamb, venison. Boiled egg yolk is better to grind with the water that a rat choked. Do not feed the rats the fatty pork and derivatives from it.
Purchase beef should be soaked before cooking 2-3 hours, and the chicken to cook in several waters to remove harmful substances. Rats can suffer from allergies.
Sometimes you can feed the animals baby food in puree jars. Children's or diabetic cookies without sugar or sugar substitutes may be as a delicacy.
Will not harm dark chocolate, if you give him infrequently. Rats can't drink tea and coffee and herbal teas safe only as directed by your doctor. Excluded sweets, jam and chips.
A set of approved products shown in the table.
Table of permitted and prohibited foods
|Product||Can||It is possible in a small amount||Not|
|Grain and cereals||Wheat||Corn||Semolina|
|Barley (pearl barley)||Oats and oatmeal|
|Vegetables and herbs||Carrots||Broccoli||Cabbage, Savoy, red, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower|
|Zucchini||Boiled green beans||Turnips|
|Zucchini||Artichoke boiled||Artichoke raw|
|Pumpkin||Boiled potatoes||Potatoes raw|
|Squash||Eggplant boiled||Eggplant raw|
|Parsley||Onion and green||Beans|
|Salad iceberg lettuce, arugula||Tomato||Radish|
|Fruits and berries||Apple||Sweet Mandarin||Citrus|
|Avocado||Watermelon and melon in season|
|Cherry sweet||Rowan red|
|Seeds and nuts||Watermelon seeds||Peanuts||Almonds|
|Seeds Apple||Hazelnuts||Bone fruit and citrus|
|Dairy products||Yogurt||Sour cream|
|Cheese||Condensed milk and cream|
|Animal proteins||Lean cooked meat||Pork|
|Boiled chicken and quail eggs||Smoked|
|Cat or dog food of high quality||Sausages|
|Meal worm and zoofobus|
|More||Meat and vegetable puree baby food||Tea|
|Dark chocolate 70-80%||Coffee|
|Homemade croutons of bread||Sweets|