The species and breeds ornamental pet rats

The types of rats on the type of addition

The type of addition there are 3 varieties of rats.As wild relatives such rats can weigh up to 0.5 kg and up to 24 cm in length. In rodents round ears on top and long face. The fur of the animals tight to the body, it is smooth and shiny.

The most usual form in rats of the breed standard

Dumbo – another kind of different from the standards ears. They are not located on the top and sides of the head, as the eponymous elephant in the cartoon. The ears of Dumbo and large open, allowed a slight bend of the upper part of the ear. Due to the location of the ears, the head appears wider. The head of these rodents can be slightly convex. The rear part of a rat is wider, so the shape of the body can be slightly pear-shaped.

Round ears at home rat species Dumbo give it a special charm

Manx rat without a tail – in a separate species. The tail of the rodent needed for cooling the body and balancing. A high proportion of tailless rats have problems with the hind legs and urinary system. The birth of the cubs due to the risk to non-viable litter. Sometimes under the guise of mancow sellers slip normal rats with amputated after birth tails. Body tailless rats are not elongated, as in standards, and in the form of a pear.

Breed domestic rats Manx is fraught with many unpleasant surprises

Important: Tailless rat — a potential disability, and self-respecting community does not strive to maintain this genetic branch.

Breeds of domestic rats in coat

Household pests are divided and the type of wool. The wool from the animals can be short, long, curly, etc. Have bald Pets, and rodents, whose fur in the bald spots, and is the norm.


Rat wool of type "Standard" have a short smooth and glossy coat.

Type of coat "Standard" is a smooth and short coat in rats


Long-haired varieties, rats are different from the standard long coat.

Long-haired rat

Sphynx (hairless) rats

Sphinxes are absolutely bald. Pets fluffy on the head, legs and groin. Rodents usually have pink skin crease, but some specimens with dark spots. Vibrissae of this species are shorter than the standards, and you can curl.

Breed fancy rats Sphinx should be protected from the cold and from overheating

To contain such animal is more complicated than "dressed" counterparts. Bare skin is sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity. Unprotected skin can injure the claws of the pet. The nature of sphinxes delicate and sensitive, they need contact with the beloved master.

Feather (fuzz)

Down rat looks similar to the sphinxes, but there is a gene "hairy" rats. Leather Passow covered with down – no guard hairs. On the muzzle and lower part of the body the hairs are longer. Vibrissae short and twisted. Unlike sphinxes, downy animals appreciate a more "dressed" individuals. Fuzzy more resistant to external factors than are sphinxes, they are easier to breed. However, slim down does not always protect against overheating or cooling, so Pets need special attention.

The varieties of rats fuzz gentle fluff — not too full of clothes

Satin (satin)

Satin or satin rats are allocated a thin shiny coat. The radiance of the coat makes animals attractive. Because of the fine wool hairs of the fur seem visually longer. Have satinov the coat can be short as with the standards. Long hair does not determine this kind of: not every long-haired rat – satin.

Satin or satin rat covered with a thin shiny coat

Rex (curly)

The coat of the rat varieties Rex - like fur of the same breed – it is hard and curly. Springy curls do not appear immediately. Rats tresses has not yet formed, and the hairs can stick out in different directions. Because of this, the kids look shredded. According to the breed standard, the coat should be uniform, no bald spots. The animals have short, curled whiskers. The other parameters Rexes are similar to standards.

Kids of varieties of rats Rex sometimes look shredded

Double Rex

These rats are born when mom and dad carrier "curly" gene. The coat of these animals is unusual. On the cloth there are areas of fluff and hard guard hair. Another feature is molting. Since childhood, the rats lose their hair, and the skin becomes like a patchwork quilt. Patches of fur are alternated with bald spots. Later the hair grows in the bald areas and falls on the "hairy". Double Rexes are not officially recognized as a variety.

The breed of rats double Rex skin covered with bald spots

Wavy or corduroy varieties of fancy rats

Velveteen rats have curly or wavy hair. In some specimens it looks like a bird's feathers. Unlike Rex, velveteen soft wool. It is associated with fewer guard hairs. Undercoat in these rodents is thick, no bald spots. Vibrissae long, slightly wavy, often with a twisted tip.

Wavy hair varieties of rats velvetine soft to the touch

Breed fancy rats in color

Divided colours of rats into several groups.


The name of the band speaks for itself. All the hairs of the animal of one color and evenly colored from root to tip. Uniform colors are rodents in the following colors:

  • black;

  • blue in different variants;

  • mink;

  • platinum;

  • beige;

  • caramel;

  • chocolate, etc.

Such as caramel and chocolate is not even standardized. Rats come in other colors.


Have ticked colors hair inhomogeneous color. He seems to be divided into sections, painted in different colors. While the guard hairs are solid. Wild rats are tigerbunny group – color agouti. At the base of the back the hairs are dark gray, the above are the yellow and orange shades, guard hairs are black.

Wild relatives of fancy rats have ticked agouti color

Agouti can be blue, amber and platinum. The blue coat goes from light gray to brown with light-blue guard hairs. Platinum goes from light blue to cream. Amber has a transition from light orange to silver-beige.

Among bring our new type ginger and the representatives of the rodents.

The fawn features a bright orange color. The base of the hair, gray or blue, but then goes rich red shade. Blotches of silvery guard hairs does not change the overall picture. To tigerbunny group there are also different pearl colors are rodents.


Silver color to determine if the number of white – silvery hairs equal to the number of homogeneous. Fur animal needs to sparkle. If little white hairs, then this will have no effect. At the end of the white hair may be a different color, it is allowed. The main thing that the white wool was in sufficient quantity, and was mixed with a homogenous tone to create the Shine.

Decorative rat refers to the silvery color, if its skin glitters


The color is a combination of two primary colors. To a compound type are the Siamese and Himalayan colors, Burmese and Burmese colors. English version of the name point (point). On the base color are more dark points.

Combined color involves a combination of 2 colors

Certain varieties of rats

There is a group of rodents of the individual types.


Albinos are derived by the laboratory: at home to them is almost impossible. In addition to the white wool they are distinguished by red eyes caused by lack of pigmentation. As laboratory animals albino people-oriented. The owners believe that this breed of rat is the most intelligent and kind. Rodents:

  • rarely bite;
  • love to play with man;
  • easy to learn the necessary skills.

Albinos resourceful, and a simple latch on the cage for them not an obstacle. Animals are sensitive to their relatives, are able to empathize with them.

Breed of albino rats can be called the manual

This type of decorative rats live less than their relatives, on average, 1.5 years. Rodents are not too resistant to adverse environmental conditions.


Animals with different eyes is a mutation which is not transmitted to the nearest generation: a recessive gene raznolikosti. To achieve the cubs with such a feature possible after systematic breeding work. Usually one eye at rodent pink and the other black or ruby. The more contrast in eye color, the more valuable the animal. Odd-eyed individuals can be in any coat color and texture.

A kind of rat — eyed valued strong contrast eyes


Rats breed husky named so for the similarity of color with a Spitz-like dog. The characteristic mask on the face in the form of an inverted V and the rats, and in dogs. Rodents differ from their counterparts in that the changing coloration of a lifetime. This complicates the choice of a purebred animal: who knows what color will be the adult rat. There are two types of Badger and Banded. In one case, Banger – dark fur covers the entire back, leaving your stomach light in the other – Bended – in the animal, only a dark hood. Babies are born one color, and in 4-6 months it starts fading. The breed is prized color salt and pepper.

Invalid pure white spots. Another feature – the color of the eyes, they can't be black. Possible options from red to ruby.

Kind of fancy rats husky peresvety with age

Mosaic and trichromatic

It is considered that the tri-color rat does not exist, but rare cases refute it. Usually there is a leading color, which is combined with white. In the history of chrysoidine at least twice in the hands of the breeder was a rat 3 colors.

One of the famous rats born in 2002 in Alaska. It was a male named Solaris. His unique coloring he did not broadcast any children or grandchildren. Another case when the poultry market were randomly purchased a tri-color girl with a hood champagne color, which was black spots. It was called Dusty Mouse or shabu-Shabu.

One of several well-known mosaic of rats Shabu Shabu or Dusty mouse

Mastomys or Natal rats

Mastomys have no relation to rats, even they belong to the family of Mouse and to a separate genus of Mastomys. Scientists could not immediately determine the family, so the rodents have traveled from rats to mice. These inhabitants of Africa live with a person. They were introduced recently, so information on them is not much. Outwardly, they look like mice and rats. Rodents reach the size of 17 cm including the tail and weigh about 80 g. Thus, they are larger than mice but smaller than rats. Colors they have a little ticked agouti with black eyes and Argent (amber) bleached with pink eyes. These animals are nocturnal, live flock. Mastomys – Jumpy creatures, it is necessary to consider at home maintenance.

Mastomys similar to both rats and mice

Video: varieties of fancy rats

The species and breeds ornamental pet rats
4 (80%) 5 votes

Share with your friends

Be the first to comment

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.