Those who keep fancy rats, often proudly display the achievements of their Pets: rat and run through the rope, and jump over the obstacle, and deftly throw the balls in the ring, ducking behind them.The training must include "the principle of carrots and sticks" for rats only possible method of motivation – stimulating the animal to perform specific, well-known natural action for a bit of food – reinforcement.
This method will be closer to training, and different ways of TEACHING a domestic animal to perform actions that are peculiar to him in his rat-kind, in return for a treat and by mutual agreement of the parties.
Having clarified this, we can move on.
Learning about one another
To teach (train) your rat should start with 2 things:
- accustom yourself to the name (nickname);
- a "parliamentary vote of confidence" on the part of the animal.
Schooling to name
The perception of sounds in rats, very different from the human, the sound of the rat brain "hears" not the way they would have heard people.
By kristinam ears prettiest of all the ticking and hissing sounds, without a long vowel compounds. For example, the name Abraham is unlikely to appeal to her brain, but Sonja, Klaus, Anfisa, Charlick or Swell quite suitable.
If the combination sounds unpleasant for fancy rats, they will just ignore them. Perhaps because of this confusion with a poorly chosen name, many believe that a rat can't be taught to respond to their own nickname.
To accustom the rat to the name easily, if the nickname of the beast is clear, and each approach to a specific set of sounds accompanied by a "cute" sweets.
Call it a name when:
- put food;
- take hands;
- give something tasty;
- scratching the back of his cheeks (like a rat).
Rat with his sensitive hearing, quickly remembers the combination of sounds of your name, and if you today, her name was wiggles, and tomorrow Baby, that little rat brain will be confused.
The nickname must be one! And spoke only when you have pleasant associations!
If the name is something went wrong, take a habit of tapping or snapping your fingers, clicked his tongue softly or whistling. The rat will quickly get used to this unusual (for you) nickname and will respond to it.
Receiving a "vote of confidence"
Accustom the animal to the owner – the first stage, which begins with the nurturing rats and further training.
The second stage will be the opportunity to leave the cage when the rat she wants to be. The second phase can be difficult without:
- the taming of the hands;
- accustom to the name.
When the glorious beast learns easily run up to you on the call and to return to the cage on their own, without coercion, you can start to teach him to perform a series of simple tricks.
Ratty needs to be completely manual!
Where to start?
With the observations. Watch the pet and you will see that rat naturally performs a number of different actions – natural habits that inconsiderate people could be attributed to circus tricks, obtained as a result of directed training:
- easily stands up on his hind legs and can even run on them;
- runs on vertical surface or on a rope up and down head;
- happy to "cut" the circles;
- is in the teeth of small objects;
- effortlessly jumps from one fulcrum to another through the open distance;
- manages to squeeze through any narrow subject;
- shows the wonders of acrobatics and even vaulting sitting on your shoulder or head.
And this is a partial list of rat skills! It remains to consolidate these skills to your beast could perform these stunts at your request. This requires the rat to train.
To teach the rat the teams will need time and patience. On average, the animal remembers your requirements (definitely backed by the delicacy and scratching!) on 20-th and 200-th time.
This does not mean that repeating the task 200 times, the rat will run it like clockwork!
She might even refuse to perform some tricks, and perhaps it will be enough 5-7 repetitions to memorize your requirements.
Neural connections in the rat brain and Central nervous system, responsible for memory formation and conditional reflexes that are very different from such relations in the brain of humans and other animals.
A trained rat is not adresseavisa dog or well-trained people – remember this, and be sure to consider the individual characteristics of your pet!
A small tip for beginners:
- Easier to teach one young animal (baby), than a couple the same age at the same time.
- The rat is an animal no less gregarious than the people and does not tolerate loneliness and closed spaces. Wheel running does not solve the problem in the required amount of traffic.
- In need of a live contact, a young rat is easier and quicker to make contact when they chose friends who are patient and affectionate – that is you.
- And no loud shouts with a threatening tone! – Only a gentle voice and patient waiting, when the animal understands that the repetition of the action should be a piece of delicacy, and then he'll do a trick for a treat.
Rules of training
Successful training depends not only on your patience and ability level of pet pet.
To raise a rat needs, adhering to the basic rules:
- So ratty was interested in the classroom, it should not be completely full, or, conversely, very hungry.
- The place is designed for training must be animal familiar.
In the cell to hold classes impossible!
- Before beginning, allow the animal to see props (sniff, chew, ride).
- In the preparation of the treats, please note that the pieces need to be "one bite" that the rat will not be tempted to steal the treat, and thus to leave the "training platform".
- Cheese – not the best option to promote, certain types of rodents are generally contraindicated.
- A time of lessons – afternoon. Time – 30 minutes (3-4 sessions-approach).
Never force an animal to do a trick using physical force (to push in the pipe, to move from the stool on the stool, to cling to the rope, etc.).
- During class do not touch the rat with your hands (with the exception of the praise-scratching) and even more so, not causing pain as punishment for lack of interest.
- To complicate the tricks and add new ones only with the full development of the previous one.
- Daily training begins with repetition.
- The rat gets a treat exclusively during sessions and for the correct execution.
- The habit of receiving a titbit just like that will bring "to nothing" all the rules of training.
- When training use sound signals (clicks, whistling or approving "Yes!").
Important! The signal is exactly at the moment when the animal performs an action, not when it is all done or not done at all. A treat, unlike the signal is given at the end of the action.
How to train a rat at home
Is it possible to teach the rat to bring items or choose one of the many others?
Rats do an excellent job with all the tasks – they like spending time with the host and perform various tasks. All the tricks are easy, thanks to their natural agility and intelligence. White animals cope with the problems slightly worse color due to the weaker view, but to learn to bring a ball or some other object could they.
To do this:
- a small ball, which is embedded yummy bait;
- the beeping sound that the rat has learned well;
- promotional delicacy, which must be the same as the bait.
The bait should be inaccessible to the animal, but the ball must move easily with the help of rat paws.
When the ball interested in the animal, collect it and immediately give it a treat.
Let's complicate the task. Now treat rat might get only rolled a ball (although pushing it) in your direction. Don't forget to give a signal and just encourage treat.
As soon as the animal realized that to obtain snacks need to roll the ball to you, slowly increase the distance between themselves and the ball.
Attention! Distance should not increase very gradually, literally 10-15 cm!
When ratty is no problem to drive up to you the ball, you can surprise the audience "sample subject."
To do this, mix a lot of balls, one of which is placed a piece of Goodies, and invite the animal to find the "hidden". The rat easily perform the usual trick.
When the main tutorialnya stages (tutorial – explanation, step-by-step learning process) will be completed, it is important not to forget that the taste to stop promoting impossible.
It can be reduced, but to not be absolutely ruled out!
Rats have very strong food reaction and flavor if the promotion will cease to engage the animals will be reluctant, even unable to stop listening in you will lose their trust.