Hobby home decorative rats has lasted for decades.That is, it is common the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus), passed a way from the basement-the ship thieves to domesticated pet.
Domestication is a long process of domestication, content, the selection and breeding of wild animals in artificial conditions created by man.
This focused breeding has led to many changes in behavior and animal instincts, adapting him to move not just side by side with man, and making him viable only at home.
Without human care decorative rat would not survive, because in the process of domestication deliberately deprived her of many coping mechanisms used by ordinary rat the Norway rat.
This includes not only changes of protective coloration, fur structure, the shape of the ears and lifestyle (regular rat is active at dusk and at night), but the lack of fear of neophobia that in the wild quickly leads to a sad end.
But how to explain the tailed Pat, what are you – his owner – I wish him only good?!
How to teach your rat to yourself
The rat is a very intelligent animal, effortless oriented in space, with extremely sensitive hearing and sense of smell, clever and cunning, playful and attentive, sociable and affectionate, trainable, and besides, tenderly affectionate to owner.
But to bond rat-the owner of a well established, have a decorative rat to tame it – to accustom to his smell and his hands.
Experienced "kresowaty" suggest after you purchase a pet, allow him plenty of to get to know your smells.
Rat cannot perceive your appearance – she can't see your face in General, and indeed the sight is far from perfect.
The domestication of rats to the smell and the "mind" of the host it is easy is the first step to accustom to the hands.
Manual for the domestication of the rat
The domestication of conduct in 4 phases:
The first stage
The first 2-3 days do not disturb the rat in her cage, don't try to get her out of there by force.
Put in a cage his thing – unwashed t-shirt (piece, of course) or socks, and let the smell associated with a new home and with you.
Keep the cage somewhere next to him on the table next to the couch, next to the computer and on the kitchen table.
Give the new tenant a new name!
Whatever you do, don't forget affectionately refer to the rat named, from time to time protectiva through the bars of the cage some "sweets": a slice of cucumber, dried banana, fish, peanut, pumpkin seed, etc.
During this time, the beauty or the rat will get used for something big, with a pleasant voice (rats are very musical!) and stock of various Goodies, not going to cause harm. And the smell of it is quite tolerable!
The second stage
Here need a t-shirt and layer with a long sleeve.
Dress up a t-shirt, dressed in her belt, the trowel fastened with a zipper, gently under the belly to get the rat out of the cage and put into his bosom.
Attention! Rat previously had no business with a man or had a sad experience with a bad person is afraid of hands!
Just in case, get the rat's hand in a tight (preferably leather) glove.
Can do household chores, not paying attention to the travel of the animal through your body. And be sure to talk to him!
If the traveler stuck the muzzle of the gate or sleeve, call it by name, give cooked tidbit and try to pet.
The first time, perhaps, it's all over bit the finger, but not worth it to keep trying – eventually the rat will appreciate your patience.
The supply of "treats" through the bars of the cage stop.
After the rats began to feel at ease under your clothes, bring her out to run around the sofa or table, and do stay around.
Accustomed to the security on your body, tame rat or the adult rat to come back to you not working, especially if at each return to your breast or legs, the animal will get a treat.
If a curious animal still escaped, then moving the furniture in his search is not necessary. Leave it on the floor of the open cage portion of food, and the fugitive will return to the familiar house during the day.
To accustom the rat to the hands is possible using the same method Goodies, but now treat it would be impossible to drag in a cage – sour cream, for example. First, keep a platter with sour cream in the hands of the open door, gently luring animal. When he will learn to eat from your hands, slather sour cream on your fingers and put your open hand inside the cage. After a couple of attempts to drag your fingers in the house, the rat will realize that to get food, she can only licking your hand.
When this lesson is learned, let's complicate the task: place the open palm against the door, and a finger (fingers) of the other hand dipped in sour cream and keep on with an open hand so that the creature was forced to sit on the palm of his hand, if he wants to get to the cream. Kindly don't forget to say something nice!
After some time, the pet rat will be willing to go on the palm, knowing that it is safe and you can still make money delicious.
How fast is the process of domestication
Rats have bright individual character traits. One is enough for 2 weeks for 2 months. Time, patience, persistence – that's 3 points of success, to tame a homemade rat and teach her how to safely treat your hands.
There are individuals who do not like to sit on the arms and torture grab-Sy. There are those that are willing to spend hours to accept pats and scratches.
Each individual its own character, temperament and preferences is also necessary to take into account.
To tame the beast hands you want the rat knew that your hands pose no danger – they can be trusted, and you could do some manipulation with the animal and its cage.
Teach hands – the key to your own "safety", first of all!