Decorative rats – not only the smartest undemanding Pets, this little loyal friends who know how to wait, to empathize and to have fun together with your favorite host.In the acute period of the disease the owner should limit contact with Pets, to cancel the exercise and games, leaving only the feeding and change of water animal.
Disease pet rats can be caused by various factors and agents, as a result will experience a different clinical picture. The owner can understand that the pet rat is sick, if a loved one rodent observed common to many pathologies characteristic symptoms:
- change in appetite or complete refusal of food;
- lethargy, excessive sleepiness, unwillingness to play with the owner or other rats;
- change the color and smell of urine and faeces;
- dirty genitals, the pet stops to lick;
- dull and tousled hair, the formation of areas of alopecia;
- the appearance of wanton aggression, anxiety, nervousness;
- sluggishness, difficulty moving;
- breathing disorders;
- unnatural posture;
- the formation of growths, bumps, lumps on the body of the animal;
- discharge from the nose, eyes, vagina, anus.
Disease fancy rats and their treatment
Disease in rats can be divided into two large groups, within which there are several subgroups.
Caused by various biological agents (pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, fungi) and are divided into:
- Infectious diseases of rats;
Pathogens are bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsiae: listeriosis, ectromelia, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, infectious pneumonia, tularemia, rabies, tuberculosis, encephalomyelitis.
- Invasive (parasitic diseases).
Caused by infection of the body home rats, mites, insects, helminths and protozoa: sipation, aspiculuris, rodenticides, gimenolepidoz, coccidiosis, demodicosis, lice, fleas, scabies.
Fancy rats develop as a result of violations of the conditions of feeding and keeping the animal and are divided into:
Diseases of internal organs, blood and metabolic disorders: gastritis, enterocolitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, deficiency diseases, Oncology, Allergy, anemia, cardiovascular failure, ischemia, porphyrin.
Diseases of the limbs, head, neck, skin, tail wounds in the foot to me, trauma, skin abscesses, burns, bruises, frostbite, eczema, disease of the eyes, ears and teeth.
- Diseases of the sexual sphere.
Endometritis, vaginitis, pyometra, a miscarriage, spirochetes.
Treatment of pathologies of fancy rats is a veterinarian after determining the diagnosis and determine the cause of the disease, many diseases require specific treatment or euthanasia of the infected animal.
Infectious diseases of pet rats
To infectious diseases, often seen on fancy rats include: mycoplasmosis, listeriosis, tuberculosis, infectious pneumonia, parasitic diseases.
Infectious diseases of rats
Pet rodents are often infected with communicable diseases, sources of pathogens can be contaminated food, water, litter, insects, diseased animals. For these pathologies characterized by a severe course with severe damage vital organs of the animal, often leading to the death of a pet. Many infectious diseases of rodents are dangerous to humans, self-treatment of rats is unacceptable and threatens dire consequences. A timely appeal to the specialist can save the life of a small animal and to protect the family of the owner of the animal from infection.
Most fancy rats are carriers of the pathogen of mycoplasmosis, but the infection and the development of characteristic pathological changes observed only as a result of contact with sick animals, when the conditions of feeding and maintenance, the deficiencies and the weakening of the immune system in elderly individuals. The pathogen often invades the upper and lower parts of the lungs rodent, forming numerous abscesses and causing the development of pneumonia, sometimes the inflammatory process affects the genitals of the animal.
Characterized in rats the symptoms are: sneezing, red discharge from the eyes and nose (porphyrin), crackles and whistles when breathing, bluish mucous membranes and skin, the rat became sluggish and a lot of lies. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics, hormones, vitamins, and anti-inflammatory drugs in severe cases to rescue the furry rodent is impossible.
Rabies have fancy rats is quite rare, it is very dangerous to humans, a pet becomes infected through saliva by the bite of a sick animal, especially while walking on the street, the most severe disease occurs by the bite of the head or the nerve nodes.
The disease can occur in violent, paralytic and abortive forms, the incubation period have bitten people and decorative rats ranges from 2 weeks to three months.
Signs of rabies in rats develop gradually, in several stages:
- the first stage is observed lethargy, photophobia, alternating with aggressiveness, sharp jumps around the cage, its characteristic attempts at catching non-existent flies. Rodent refuses food, there are salivation, vomiting, shortness of breath, the pet cannot swallow due to paralysis of the lower jaw. Similar symptoms of rabies in rats against the background of recent bites should alert the owner of a rodent should immediately contact the veterinary clinic;
- the second stage of rabies in rats is manifested in increased aggression, rodent bites a human, an animal, a cell, there is profuse salivation, paralysis of the hind limbs and throat, a characteristic sagging jaw, drooping head and tail. Flash excessive aggression followed by periods of rest. The rabies virus enters the brain, and the rat dies within 5-10 days. The detection of the disease in decorative rats, euthanized the animal, the premises where the contained pet, disinfect using UV rays and alcohol.
Agents of the disease are viruses, pet rodents are infected by airborne droplets, the disease process occurs in the upper part of easy home rat. Pathology is manifested typical symptoms: sneezing, red and Muco-purulent discharge from the nose and eyes, a hunched back, wheezing and whistles, rodent panting sides, refuses food, rat sluggish, lethargic, sleeping more than usual. Sometimes there is a rapid course of the disease due to elevated levels of metabolism in rats, in advanced cases, the animal rescue fails. Treatment is with antibiotics, hormones, vitamins, and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Papillomas in rats
HPV in rats manifests itself by the formation of small dermal outgrowths on the skin that can degenerate into malignant tumors. Infection occurs through contact with sick animals through damaged skin (wounds, cracks, scratches), the disease occurs only in malnourished, debilitated or elderly individuals. Upon detection of papilloma are subject to surgical removal.
Parasitic diseases of rats
Most often, decorative rats are affected by ectoparasites and parasitic insects, infection occurs through the feed, litter, clothes and hands of the master, by contact with sick animals, the typical symptoms of the disease is a strong concern of the animal, sores on the neck of the rats, scratching and wounds in the head and shoulders of a furry rodent. For the treatment of a pet is treated with insecticidal sprays.
Vlasiei and lice
Small insects, to detect possible adult red-brown insects or eggs-nits in the form of white dandruff attached to the hair of a rodent. Lice feed on blood home rats, vlasiei – scales of the skin and blood, parasitism is accompanied by severe itching, can cause the death of the animal.
Small blood-sucking insects that can migrate between rats, dogs and cats, sick rodent intensely itchy wool wykonywac teeth, worried. If rats appeared bloody crusts on the back, this indicates the contamination of pet fleas and requires immediate treatment.
Rat mites live on the skin of healthy animals, sick emaciated debilitated animals, parasitism is accompanied by itching, in rats sores on neck and face or red-yellow growths on the ears and genitals. Some species of rat mites dangerous to humans.
Parasites are localized in the internal organs of rats: the intestines, kidneys, liver, lungs, migrating larvae cause inflammation in the affected organs, the worms produce toxins that cause exhaustion and intoxication rodent. The owner can notice intestinal disorders in pet, weakness, progressive emaciation, detection of parasites in feces. Treatment involves the use of degelmintizatsii drugs.
Common non-contagious disease of domestic rats
Among non-communicable diseases have common household pests: cancer, pathology of the teeth, kidney stones, intestinal disorders, obesity, allergies, coronary heart disease and brain, heart and kidney failure.
Cancer often affect adults fancy rats older than two years, predominantly females, are the cause of the death of a beloved pet.
Benign tumors are subject to surgical resection with a favorable prognosis, cancer rats not treated the cause of the formation of metastases and germination of malignant tumor formation in healthy tissue of the animal. From fancy rats common are the following types of tumors:
- tumor of the breast is detected as movable or fused with a skin lump in the abdomen;
- swelling in the neck, on the side, under the foot or under the tail feels like rolling a ball under the skin on the leg;
- the swelling on the face looks like a swollen cheek at the pet;
- brain tumour (BT) is a common tumor of benign nature with a characteristic clinical picture: the rats refused front and back paws, rodent lies with outstretched limbs, the joints bend it is impossible;
- tumors of bone is manifested by thickening of leg bones, ribs and skull, the animal is not able to move independently.
Allergy in rats occurs often enough to the action of external stimuli, which can be filler, food and water. Allergy in pet rats is accompanied by itching and is manifested typical symptoms: an active brushing of the skin, the appearance of wounds and scabs on the feet and neck, swelling of the extremities and the skin behind the ears. Allergy symptoms in rodents similar to the symptoms of the parasitism of insects, diagnosis of disease and examination of the animal should hold a veterinarian. Allergy treatment in rats involves the use of antihistamines, anti-inflammatory ointments and elimination of the source of the allergen: the change of the filler and feed.
Rhinitis in rats occurs by contact with infected animals or people (infectious rhinitis), or in violation of the conditions of detention (non-infectious rhinitis). Symptoms of infectious rhinitis in rats are developing rapidly, the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, in debilitated, emaciated and older animals, the disease can lead to death. If the rat is cold, there is a non-infectious rhinitis.
Infectious rhinitis in rats appears Muco-purulent flow from the nose, sneezing, grunting, red discharge from nose and eyes, lethargy, increased overall body temperature of the animal, shortness of breath, heavy breathing and wheezing. To cure rhinitis should have the veterinary surgeon with antibiotic, hormone and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cold in rats occurs when the animal is in the draft, hypothermia or sudden changes in temperature in the room contributing factors is inadequate feeding and unsanitary conditions rodent. If decorative rat has a cold, runny nose is slimy, there is grunting, sneezing, the animal rubs paws nose. Treatment of colds should begin at the first symptoms of illness, sick Pets are assigned to inhalation and antibiotics, non-infectious rhinitis can cause pneumonia in rats.
Diarrhea in rats occurs as a result of a breach of the conditions of keeping and feeding a pet, on the background of stress, diarrhea can be caused by the development of the inflammatory process in the intestine of the animal in infectious and parasitic diseases. The disease manifests itself in periods of rapid selection light watery fecal odor in feces may contain mucus and streaks of blood.
Master rat, you must know what to do if rats have diarrhea to prevent dehydration and starvation of the animal. If the animal observed soft feces with mucus, within three days to drink pet rice broth and diluted smektoj 3 times a day, and also, to eliminate the forbidden foods. If improvement does not occur, or animal initially diarrhea occurs with release of large amounts of liquid and foamy with blood and mucus, urgent need to see a specialist.
Conjunctivitis – an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane caused by trauma or viral infection. The disease manifests itself purulent discharge from the tear ducts, eyes, animal shelters, found on the eyelids secretion of pus. If rodent inflamed eyes, it is urgent to bring a pet to a specialist, the animal should wash the conjunctival SAC with antiseptic solutions, laying the lower eyelid hormonal and anti-inflammatory ointments.
Corns (in the foot to me in rats)
The foot to me in the elderly or overly-fed rats occurs when Pets are on the hard dry litter or in cages with slatted floors, dry skin on the feet is damaged and formed round corns in rats resembling human corn. In the future, there is a periodic opening and nahravanie of these bubbles, there is lameness and a chronic irreversible processes in the ligamentous apparatus of the limbs of the pet. Treatment of the foot to me is to be started immediately if redness of the feet, therapy is to moisturizing oils and creams, corns smeared with healing ointments. Important preventive step is to change the conditions of keeping and feeding.
Periodontitis in rats – an inflammatory disease of the supporting and retaining apparatus of the tooth, manifested by refusal to eat, bad breath, redness and bleeding gums, yellow teeth, excessive drooling, sometimes with blood, loosening and loss of teeth, swelling of the face. The disease develops when the violation of the rules of feeding and maintenance, unbalanced diet with mostly soft feed. If rats have yellow teeth, it is urgent to revise the diet of solid feed well clean off Tartar, prevents the development of periodontitis. Treatment in severe cases involves removal of the patients teeth and tissues under local anesthesia.
Porphyrin have fancy rats manifested Burgundy red expirations secret garderobas the glands of the eyes and nose, reminiscent in appearance of dried blood. The porphyrin occurs independently in trauma, stress, violation of conditions of feeding and maintenance, or indicates a serious pathological conditions in the body: pneumonia, Mycoplasma, cancer, tuberculosis. Treatment of the porphyrin is reduced to improve the conditions of feeding, housing, elimination of stress and symptomatic therapy.
Stroke is a common pathology in fancy rats, characterized by the disturbance of cerebral circulation as a result of rupture or blockage of blood vessels of the brain. Disease predisposed individuals suffering from obesity, heart disease and kidney failure, diabetes, Oncology. A stroke is manifested by loss of coordination, paralysis of limbs, blindness, breathing problems, eye hemorrhage, rat goes sideways, the rodent may become apathetic or aggressive. The treatment is effective in the first hours after the occurrence of the disease, the animal is prescribed oxygen, diuretics and antiepileptic drugs.
Abscess – a localized inflammation of the tissues, is a common pathology in domestic rats that damaged the integrity of the skin due to impaired immunity. To abscess is characterized by swelling, filled with pus. The treatment of the disease is only a veterinarian method of surgical dissection using local anesthesia. The home treatment can cause the infection to healthy tissue, sepsis, and death of a pet.
Otitis media in rats – a common inflammatory disease of the ear, localization can be inner, middle or external, in the latter case, the damaged skin of the auricle and the external auditory canal. The inner and middle ear infections may be the result of external otitis, or infection of the upper and lower respiratory tract, otitis externa occurs as a result of damage to the skin of the ear sarcoptidae mites, bacterial and fungal infections, against eczema and dermatitis.
Otitis media in rats manifested a pronounced symptoms are: discharge from the ear with an unpleasant odor, redness and swelling of the ear for external otitis, head tilt to the side, circling in place, the rodent rubs the ear on the objects, the treatment of the disease should begin immediately. The animal is prescribed a course of antibiotics, hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs.
The owner of decorative rats it is advisable to change the behaviour and appearance of a rodent home, as well as, the rejection of food immediately show pet veterinarian. It must be remembered that there are dangerous disease rats, some pathology can develop rapidly and cause the death of a beloved pet in a matter of hours. Time to lose self-medicate can be dangerous for the life of the animal and for the health of all household members, especially young children.