Pets are also susceptible to colds and various diseases, as well as people.Some types of dry litter may contain small particles, dust, hairs that fall into the animal's nose, irritate mucous membranes and cause sneezing. So the first thing you should check the filler and try to replace it with another.
A deviated septum
This genetic defect often causes regular sneezing rats. Due to the curvature of the mucosa can not be cleaned naturally, mucus accumulates, and the animal itself clears the nasal passages occasional. If there are no other symptoms, and the rat is awake and moving, then nothing to worry about.
IMPORTANT!!! The consequences of this genetic defect is usually manifested at an early age. Therefore, if the sneezing starts to have an adult cat — a deviated septum may not be the cause.
A stressful situation
Stress can cause any changes in the usual lifestyle of the animal. Change the location of the cells, designated for the daily walks, the emergence of new family members or Pets in the house, a loud noise or temperature change — all common causes of stress. So if you only got the rat, and he constantly sneezes, although buying looked quite healthy, perhaps it's just a reaction to moving to a new location. If other symptoms are not visible, create animal calm conditions, let's the vitamins — a few days later sneezing should pass.
If all possible causes are excluded, and the rat is still sneezing frequently, it is probably the case in the disease. In this case there are usually additional symptoms.
Rat is sneezing blood
Red discharge from the nostrils of the animal is easily mistaken for blood. This is actually the porphyrin — allocation mucosa of rodents during inflammation. Usually this reaction is observed when infection was accompanied by a proliferation in the nasal mucosa of bacteria. This situation is very dangerous because the infection can quickly spread to the respiratory tract, lead to the development of pneumonia.
Sneezing blood usually causes an infection of mycoplasmosis in addition, the animal often loses appetite, becomes dull and disheveled, often washes his nose to clear secretions. In this case, requires complex treatment, and better as soon as possible to show the rat to the vet, have not yet developed complications.
Rat sneezes and itches
These symptoms are common for allergic reactions or infection by parasites. The cause of allergies can be a variety of factors:
- sharp smells — perfume, air fresheners, tobacco smoke;
- new food can also contain allergens.
- the components of the filler, the hay;
- ink — if used for bedding newspaper;
- household chemicals, which are used for washing cells.
When infected fleas or blasedale rat constantly itches, and the waste products of the parasites provoke an allergic sneeze. If you have found animal symptoms of infestation, you must wash it with a special toshimune. If you suspect an Allergy you need to eliminate all possible stimuli, to change the filler and fodder to give a rat vitamins.
IMPORTANT!!! Lack of vitamin A can also cause your rats symptoms similar to an allergic reaction. Before you start to treat an animal better take him to a doctor, not to be mistaken in the diagnosis.
Rat sneezes and grunts
This sign indicates a lesion of the respiratory tract. Decorative rats are very difficult to distinguish cough from sneezing, so it is necessary to focus on the heavy breathing and wheezing. Also usually worsens the appearance of the animal, decreases appetite. With further development of the disease the breathing is very difficult, well audible wheezing and whistling, the animal tries to climb higher, lowers the head below the body level, crane.
If these symptoms are present, consult your veterinarian. A sick rat is required to make injections of antibiotics and supportive medications. Doses can calculate only an experienced veterinarian familiar with the characteristics of the body of small rodents. In the transition of respiratory tract infection in pneumonia, to cure the animal is very difficult, especially after the age of one and a half years.
Is it dangerous to humans
Treatment of sick animals usually occurs in the home, with constant contact with the owner. The widespread belief that the diseases rodents are not dangerous to humans, it is only partially true. A number of diseases do not transmitted to people, but some infections can develop in the human body. But the danger is still quite small, so to prevent infection and regularly clean the cage and wash hands thoroughly after contact with pet and medical procedures.