Decorative rats are simple to care for and bring many pleasant hours of communication to their owners.HRS is a group of several pathogens, which is manifested, first and foremost, a violation of the respiratory tract. The most common HRS causative agent is Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma pulmonis), the bacterium that do not have a true sheath.
The microorganisms are localized mainly in the mucosa of the respiratory system. According to some reports, carriers of Mycoplasma are from more than 60% of apparently healthy rodents. Mycoplasmosis in rats is being developed as a result of immunosuppression, age-related changes and influence of adverse environmental factors. This infectious disease is rather common and often lead Pets to death.
Mycoplasmosis in rats: symptoms
Signs of illness in rodents is similar to manifestations of infection in other animals and are characterized by multiple forms. Primarily respiratory:
- frequent sneezing;
- shortness of breath and wheezing when breathing;
- fast fatigue, lethargy;
- loss of appetite;
- discharge from the eyes and nose of the porphyrin.
Important! Porphyrin is a red pigment in the form of mucus produced harderian gland. People unfamiliar with the physiology of the rats mistook it for blood. The selection of porphyrin – one of the characteristic signs of mycoplasmosis.
In addition to these signs of respiratory disease disease accompany other symptoms.
Cutaneous appear itching, scratching or alopecia (receding hairline). Females during the inspection can be detected in blood mixed with pus discharge from the vagina due to the development of pyometra.
With the defeat of the vestibular apparatus and the middle or inner ear of the animal disturbed coordination of movements, a pronounced head tilt to one side.
When latent stage or the carriage of the pet is apparently healthy and no signs of the disease manifests. Sneezing and slight discharge of the porphyrin is typical at the initial stage, the animal retains activity and appetite. Shortness of breath and rales in the lungs, dull ruffled coat and scratching, discharge from the genitals, unnatural posture, and movement disorder are a pronounced clinical picture of the disease. In the terminal stage the pet is inactive, the body temperature decreases, there is a weakness and exhaustion.
Despite the fact that this infection has pronounced the characteristic signs and symptoms, the final diagnosis should be put specialist. Itching and sneezing may be manifestations of allergic reactions or tick infestation, and uncoordinated movements caused by tumors in the brain.
Featuring veterinary clinics can make an accurate diagnosis by laboratory PCR from swabs of the mucous membranes of the nose, eyes or genitals.
Do not put off a visit to the veterinarian as soon as possible to begin appropriate treatment. Rodents have a high level of metabolism, so the development of the disease can occur rapidly.
Mycoplasmosis treatment in rats
Treatment of mycoplasmosis in rats in home based, primarily, on the use of antibacterial drugs. To antibiotics, allowed in the therapy of Mycoplasma infections include macrolides (Azithromycin, Clarithromycin, Tylosin), fluoroquinolones (Ciprofloxacin, Enrofloxacin (Baytril), Marbofloxacin), cephalosporins (Ceftriaxone), tetracyclines (Doxycycline).
Important! It is strictly forbidden to assign for the treatment of rodents to the antibiotic penicillin. Against Mycoplasma, they are ineffective. Penicillins are dangerous for rodents, due to anaphylactic shock, they could die.
Hormonal corticosteroids (Dexamethasone, Prednisone, Depomedrol, Metipred) are used in chronic and complicated cases of the disease to relieve inflammation of the bronchial tubes and ease breathing. To expand the bronchi and to stop the asthma attacks will help bronchodilators (Salbutamol or Aminophylline). A decoction of Echinacea helps to boost and maintain immunity. When cyanosis of the skin and breathing difficulties oxygen therapy is appointed. Diuretics reduce fluid accumulation in the lungs.
Disease in rodents treated for at least two weeks, due to the growth cycle of microorganisms.
Treatment shall appoint a veterinarian, depending on the state of the animal and stage of the disease.
Caring for a sick pet rat
Treatment for infection is quite lengthy, comprehensive care for your pet contributes to his speedy recovery:
- the warmth in the room;
- humidifying the air to ease breathing.
- after a course of antibiotics should restore intestinal microflora with probiotics or fermented milk products;
- calorie fortified food in the form of mixes and purees, in the absence of appetite – force feeding with a syringe;
- a sufficient amount of liquid in the form of drinking or subcutaneous administration.
In the case of detention of several Pets sick animal must be isolated.
Prevention of the disease
To protect pet from Mycoplasma is completely impossible, so the efforts of chrysopogon should be aimed at preventing the appearance and development of disease. Follow simple recommendations will help reduce the risk of disease.
Purchase little friend preferably proven breeders. It is necessary to examine the animal to assess its behavior. If the animal is lethargic, sneezes or visible discharge from the nasal passages and eyes from the purchase should be abandoned. Before you make another new pet to the other wards necessarily kept quarantined for at least two weeks. Proper feeding and optimal conditions without drafts and odors, the introduction in the diet of vitamins, prophylactic administration of natural Immunostimulants, timely cleaning of the cells – all this will contribute to the health of the pet.
Is there any Mycoplasma infection person can be infected with other rodents and animals?
Modern Microbiology klassificeret more than thirty species of Mycoplasma, of which six species are pathogenic for humans. Respiratory mycoplasmosis in humans causes Mycoplasma pneumoniae. As mentioned above, for rodents pathogenic Mycoplasma pulmoni. Among the pathogens that cause human disease, Mycoplasma rodents is missing. So sick pet to its owner is not dangerous. However, there are studies of foreign scientists about the cultivation of a strain of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in mice. So after taking care of sick animals and personal hygiene will not be superfluous, and people with weakened immune systems should be temporarily protected from contact.
Mycoplasmosis – a disease contagious, is spread as airborne droplets and via direct contact from animal to animal of the same species. Through the clothes and hands of the Mycoplasma is not transmitted, as in the open air dries quickly. However, after contact and manipulation with a sick animal to avoid the risk of infecting the healthy players should change clothing and wash hands.
Mycoplasmosis in rats: lethality of the disease
Described a bacterial disease not cause big problems with high pet immunity. Despite the fact that Mycoplasma infection is widespread among rodents, it is treatable if the disease is timely diagnosed.
But if you do not begin therapy in the second, severe, stage of the disease, then develops pneumonia , and the prediction of the outcome already careful. In the future, without the necessary drugs die from rat mycoplasmosis and from lesions of secondary infections and disorders of the lungs, heart, liver and kidneys. At a later stage, if the treatment does not effect, in most cases the animal is killed.
Treatment and further recovery of the small animal can be time consuming, but attentive care and patience to help cope with the problem.