Newborn rats – cute and sometimes a shocking surprise for the owner of a rodent.Little pups are totally devoid of hair, are born blind and deaf, although the sense of smell and instincts have these beautiful babies have already developed. Smell babies find the mother's nipple, eat nourishing milk and fall asleep near the warm abdomen of the females.
On the big head of a little rat through the translucent skin you can see a huge dark eye balls, which indicates the dark color of the animal. If the contours and eye color of the baby cannot be determined, then the fur of the rodent will be bright: red, white or yellow.
The newborn rat is very small and weak, the weight of the calf at birth is only 3-5 g, the body length of the females reach 5-6 cm, males up to 9 cm.
IMPORTANT!!! Touch of newborn rats is impossible. Body of the baby is very fragile, one wrong move can kill a small animal. The rat also does not take the baby with the smell of human hands, excessive curiosity of the owner can result in the death of a baby.
Like a rat to take care of the pups
Rodents in nature is a great mother, rat pups spends all day, gently takes care of, feeds, and cares about kids. The female body the whole day covering their numerous brood, warming and protecting her cubs. Body heat rats and frequent feeding with nutritious milk stimulate the development of all organ systems of small animals to feed and save the lives of newborn babies without care mother is almost impossible.
Sometimes, rat droppings brings in 15-20 pups, part of a strong young often finds himself near the nipple with milk, the rest of the pups may die without feeding. In such cases, the second week can be deposited is short, nimble kids fed in a separate container with maintaining it a constant temperature 39S, for this purpose you can use a hot water bottle or bottles with warm water.
The young rats at birth may not be able to empty the bowel, the mother often licks the tummies of the kids, stimulating the bowels and removing the feces of newborns.
Little rat – a completely hairless creature, the body of a tiny animal is cluttered with hair only on the second week of life of a rodent. Cubs decorative rat is unable to maintain a constant body temperature, so without warm naked belly of the mother babies are not physically survive.
If the mother leaves for a few moments of newborns, the body temperature of rats instantly goes down, they stop moving and fall asleep. Mommy all day carefully monitors the body temperature of every child, if necessary, the rat swaps the children.
The rat gradually reduces time spent with children, newborn adapting to the conditions of external environment and self-maintenance of normal body temperature. If at birth the female leaves virtually no brood, by the end of the first week the kids a third of their time without a mother with a further increase independent period.
The development of rat pups on days
Newborn rodents grow very quickly, defenseless blind lump after 4 weeks becomes an adult, sexual maturity occurs in males 5 and females 6 weeks. The development of rat pups by day is as follows:
Immediately after birth, the rat pups is a pink naked blind and deaf toddlers with underdeveloped limbs and a little tail, which can only squeak, suck and sleep.
The cubs open ears,now rats can distinguish not only smells and sounds.
Newborn calf begin to be covered by the first soft fur, the skin is flesh-colored with dark spots, the presence of which determines the coloration of rodents.
Rats first teeth erupt, children are already covered with short plush fur, the cubs become very smart, put up a fight due to maternal nipple, the movement is still not fully coordinated.
The babies have open eyes, the pups explore the territory, actively trying to climb out of the nest, but rat children diligently returns to its original place.
At this time, emerging secondary sexual characteristics and can determine the sex of the animal, the females on the abdomen are visible nipples.
Kids are actively starting to try food mom, trying to chew on everything around, this period introduces the first feeding of the animals.
Young independent individuals to eat food of adult animals, milk production is on the decline, lactation is terminated by the 27th day of life babies. Physiological feature of pups is eating during this period, the faeces of the female and the schooling for mineral composition of the adult diet. The rat stops to drag a newborn and less taking care of the offspring, accustoming the children to self-reliance. The kids are still attached to the mother to transplant them during this period is not recommended.
Rats are adults, they're curious about everything new, the kids start to get to know people and play with the owners. In the wild in a month old rodents have become independent hunters, and themselves provide their own food and housing.
When the pups open their eyes
The little pups are born completely blind and deaf, the first 12 days of life the cubs are guided only by smell. Later, in adult life the rat using olfactory examines the whole environment. Scientists have proved that episodic memory in rats are organized, as a human, an animal is able not only to capture and to distinguish the different notes of smell, but also associate the situation of their emergence and manifestation. The first fragrance that feels newborn – the smell of milk and body home mom.
The pups eyes open at 12-13 days of life, babies begin not only to smell but also to see the world. With opened eyes and being able to see the world, the young rats are beginning to leave the nest and explore new territories. Eyes rats on the side of the head, this anatomical feature gives them a wide viewing angle. The animal, without turning his head, can see both eyes in different directions, even up, back and down. This way, nature protects wild rats from attacking them predatory animals and birds.
Care of newborn pups
The baby rats, without the weapons touching a creature, requiring the increased care of the mother and the master. About feeding and hygiene kids will worry mother, you should properly care about the female and her offspring, without interfering in the physiological processes. It is desirable to create newborn rat pups comfort
- in any case it is impossible to take up and consider young, female stress can throw or eat the brood;
- the cage with the rat pack should be in the most quiet, warm and dry room;
- rat self-cleans the nest, tossing into a corner of the cage dirty pieces of litter, the owner constantly you need to give the female a clean cloth. To remove waste from the cells of the tissues until the 8th day of life, leaving the nest. If the rat is worried when cleaning, put it;
- follow the door of the cage, the cubs after the 8th day is very nimble and can jump out and shatter on the floor, or the female will pererastaet newborns in any quiet corner of the apartment;
- feed the female nutritious food and maintain fullness waterers clean drinking water;
- gently introduce useful lure kids for the proper development of the digestive system of the newborn.
When you can take rat pups in the hands
To touch the pups immediately after birth is not recommended! Baby with a human smell the mother can eat, also is likely to accidentally damage the thin bone of the newborn.
Towards the end of the second week of life, you can briefly remove the newborn from the nest in the absence of females inspect pups and to determine the sex of the animals. To make it desirable in medical gloves or thoroughly cleaned hands to the female threw the brood.
With the end of the second week you can get the kids out of the cage, often already in the presence of the mother to the rat trusts You and is not worried about the children. Rats at this age are unusually bright-eyed and inquisitive, while the female on the range every day it is advisable to accustom the rats to the friendly human communication: gently worn in two palms, to stroke, to speak with gentle voice, wearing a sleeve and bosom. Wary tiny animals quickly get used to people, begin to trust them.
IMPORTANT!!! The lack of strong close contact with a person at a young age can make a pet fearful or aggressive towards humans.
When you can give rats
2 weeks kids is often desirable to take in hands and to give treats out of hand, animals will get used to do without a mother will remember the smell and voice of the master. During feeding, the rat may bite the owner, mistaking a finger for a treat. Raise your voice and scare the kid, you should not.
At 5 weeks the males need to isolate her in a separate cage in order to avoid uncontrolled mating to get pregnant can an adult female, and 6 weeks and young females. If possible, it is useful to include boys with dad and girls with mom, the cubs learn the necessary life skills from the adults. In the wild rats are also living in same-sex flocks. Kids can be kept near females or males any length of time, given the size of cells and number of Pets.
After jigging young animals can be fully translated to adult foodby adding herbs, vegetables, fruits and fish oil. The first time it is useful to feed babies cow's or goat's milk from a pipette.
At 5-6 weeks of age can be given rat pups, up to 4 to do this it is not recommended for babies in this age are still breast-feeding, early weaning may have a negative impact on the health of a rat. Late shift holder is also undesirable, adults used to host and experience stress when change of scenery.
What to feed a rat
The laws of nature to feed the rats with milk needs a mother, but sometimes it happens, that female dies in childbirth or refuses to take care of the offspring. It is best for the adoptive mother suit nursing female rats or laboratory mice, which can be bought at a pet store. Otherwise, the owner will become the kids foster mother.
Newborns should be kept in the box with felt or felt fabric to maintain a constant temperature of 38-39S can be put under the bottom of the tank with water or electrical heater, preventing overheating of calves.
Before and after feeding you need to massage the warm wet swab bellies and genital area of the anus of rats for stimulation of intestinal peristalsis, feces should be immediately removed from the slot.
The feeding of newborn rats is a complex procedure. For feeding use a milk substitute Pets or soy baby formula diluted goat's milk. The mixture can be diluted with water with addition of condensed milk. Liquid mix is stored for more than a day in the fridge.
Feed the kids need a warm mixture of an insulin syringe with an intravenous catheter at the end, you can try to make a pacifier out of a piece of fabric. All the items after each feeding are subject to mandatory boiling. To prevent the development of enteritis after each feeding each child vpaivaetsja drop Biovestin.
Feeding rats according to weeks:
- 1 week. In the first week of life calves are fed a liquid diluted with the mixture every 2-3 hours during the day and 1-2 times at night, to the end of the week is added to the mixture of dry milled grain feed;
- 2 week. In the second week of food grain rat diluted mixture to a state of liquid sour cream, feed the babies every 4 hours during daytime and 1 time at night;
- 3 week. On the third week, feed with a mixture poured into a bowl for rats, night feeding cancel;
- Week 4. At the beginning of the fourth week kids completely transferred to dry feeding.
A month rats eat adult food, can be up to 5-6 weeks to unsolder the young goat's or cow's milk from a pipette. Small animals are fed a dry grain mixture, cottage cheese, boiled fish and chicken, boiled chicken wings, apples, bananas, herbs, seedlings of oats and wheat, in small quantities you can give broccoli, boiled liver, chicken egg yolks. Mushrooms, tomatoes and cucumbers to enter into the diet of kids is not recommended.
In the case where the brood bicarbonate mother to feed the kids must go to the end of the third week. The pups remain on breastfeeding and begin to eat with a female of common feeders grain food, cereals, baby food, curds, boiled meat and greens.
Newborn pups is a small, defenseless creatures that require special care and attention of the mother and the master. You need to treat them as my children, feed, care for and cherish. Rat kids in months – funny perky flock intelligent and affectionate animals, communication with which brings only a lot of fun.