Decorative rats can suffer from itchy even with proper care — the reasons for this range from eating disorders to allergies.There are some common causes of scabies, which can be quickly determined by additional symptoms.
Most often this reaction occurs when buying the animal, but stress can survive and decorative adult rat when changing the usual conditions. In this case the itching on the skin is called nervous tension. Usually the rat is not only itchy but is showing signs of anxiety and panic — running around the cage, or on the contrary get in the house, loses appetite. The best solution is to identify the cause and remove stimulus, and the rat let alone, start to add to the usual diet, vitamins and medication "Stress."
IMPORTANT: If you have just brought home a new animal, it is necessary to ensure peace for at least three days. Put in the cell house where the animal can hide and don't try to pick him up. Most rats start to come out of hiding and actively explore the cage on the second day. But if you got a fearful rat, it may take much longer.
The conditions in the cell and hygiene
If the obvious reasons for stress is not observed, and the rat is often itchy, you should check the conditions of her detention. Perhaps the litter is poorly absorbs moisture, so it requires more frequent cleaning or changing of the filler. Also, the cause may be the uncleanliness of the animal — not all rats are equally good for their coat. If the animal is not accustomed to the tray, wool can absorb the urine, causing irritation and severe itching on the skin.
Adjust the filler, keep in a cage and regularly make the animal a warm bath with a special shampoo that you can buy at the pet store. A decorative rats are particularly fond of swimming and are always happy to water procedures.
Mechanical damage to the skin
If pet rat is contained in the company of other dogs, she can get wounds and scratches in the fight or even the game. Damaged skin very itchy when healing, also in the wound can get infected. If you notice that one of the rats scratched to the blood, while others have no symptoms, the first thing to put the animal in a separate cage. Then carefully inspect the animal, rinse place the scratching of hydrogen peroxide 3%, grease with ointment with an antibiotic (tetracycline or nasal spray). If the wound is deep or inflamed, it is better to consult the vet.
Allergy is one of the most frequent causes of pruritus. If you notice that the rat-brushed neck and sides, this reaction can occur for several reasons:
- improper diet — violation diet, the excess protein;
- harmful products — rats are omnivores, and pet animals is often prohibited by buying Goodies from the human table(sweet, salty, fatty);
- chemical components of the filler;
- the bed of raw fresh sawdust with an excess of resins and oils;
- the printing ink on Newspapers, which are used to litter;
- cleaning compositions, powders for cleaning the cells.
An allergic reaction often manifests itself in severe itching lasting, so the rat is scratching himself to blood. You need to check all possible causes of the symptoms to try to identify and eliminate the allergen. Put the animal on a strict diet, change litter, clean without household chemicals.
Lack of various vitamins can manifest itself in different ways- lethargy, sneezing, pruritus, hair loss, appearance of the skin ulcers and sores. The cause of the disease is incorrectly balanced diet, lack of grain, greens, fruits and vegetables. Strong lack of vitamins can lead to decrease in immunity, metabolic disorders, the development of serious diseases. For proper diagnosis it is better to go to the doctor, who will prescribe injections and the cycle will be proper diet for a sick animal.
If severe symptoms are observed, the animal is quite active, does not lose appetite, then can be bought in veterinary pharmacy ordinary vitamins. Typically, these additives are prepared in the form of granules, which are conveniently added directly to food.
Many types of skin parasites also cause itching, forcing the rats to comb themselves to the blood. Traces of fleas and insects themselves can be easily seen on the skin upon examination of the animal.
But also often rats infected subcutaneous mitesthat cannot be seen without special instruments. If, in addition to the scabies you notice bald spots on the fur, the animal is probably infected with blasedale. Wash the rat with special anti-parasitic shampoo, it is also desirable to apply a drop on the withers.
IMPORTANT!!! Many owners buy for the treatment of household pests flea drop, designed for cats or kittens. Don't forget that rats require a much smaller dosage to avoid poisoning, be sure to weigh the animal, and then calculate the amount of drug by weight. It is best to apply tools designed specifically for rats.
Often the scratching in rats are symptoms of serious diseases. Violation of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, kidney damage, infections, viruses — can sometimes occur, including skin itching. Usually in this case, there are additional symptoms — reddish discharge from the eyes and nose (porphyrin), restlessness or lethargy, violations of the chair.
Various fungal diseases of the skin also cause severe itching. If you notice that the rat-brushed eyes, the reason may be conjunctivitis. Sometimes a rat may itch due to helminth infection. Preparations from the helminths toxic, so it is not recommended to treat the animal without any preliminary analysis. If the infection is confirmed, it is necessary with great precision to calculate the dosage by weight.
If you want to know why the rat is constantly itching — it is better to go to the vet for a professional inspection and testing. Then you will be sure not to miss serious disease, and the doctor will prescribe the right treatment based on the condition and age of the animal.