Decorative rats in the course of their lives often ill infectious and non-communicable diseases, which are due to accelerated metabolism of rodents differs rapid flow, the development of irreversible consequences and often the death of a pet.For accurate calculation it is necessary to know the exact weight of the furry rodent, if it is not possible to weigh the pet, it is possible to calculate the dosage of medication for the average weight adult equal to 500 g.
In the instructions for each drug is indicated, the concentration of active ingredient per ml of solution, capsule, or tablet, it is calculated the quantity of a specific drug for a specific animal, information on the concentration may be stated on the ampoule, vial or blister with tablets. To translate the percentage concentrations to mg/kg multiply this value by 10.
Example of calculation of drug doses
Dose common veterinary tools Baytril of 2.5% for rats with a mass of 600 g:
- The active ingredient of this drug is Enrofloxacin, its concentration in 1 ml of solution can be determined by percentage value of 2.5%*10 = 25 mg/kg or by the user, which indicates that 1 ml contains 25 mg of active ingredient;
- Veterinary directory to find the dosage of Enrofloxacin for pet rats, which is 10 mg/kg;
- The calculated dose for the rodent weight 600g 10*0,6 = 6 mg;
- Count the number of solution Baytril 2.5% for a single injection 6/25 = 0,24 ml, type in an insulin syringe, 0.2 ml of the drug.
Dose of the drug Yunidoks Solutab tablets of 100 mg for a rat weighing 600 g:
- The active ingredient of this drug is Doxycycline, on the packaging and in the instructions to the drug stated that 1 tablet contains 100 mg of active ingredient.
- Veterinary directory to find the dosage of Doxycycline for pet rats, which is 10-20 mg/kg depending on the diagnosis, take a dosage of 20 mg/kg;
- The calculated dose for the rodent weighing 600g 20*0,6 = 12 mg;
- Count how many parts you need to split the tablet 100/12 = 8, it is necessary to grind into a powder between two spoons one tablet of the drug, divide it into 8 equal parts and give one part of the animal at each meal.
The owner of the home rats in the treatment of a pet at home you must strictly adhere to the dosage and frequency of administration of the drug according to the instructions of the veterinary surgeon in order to avoid poisoning the animal or transfer the disease into a chronic form.
The main groups of drugs used in the treatment of pet rats
The effect of antibiotic therapy aimed at the inhibition of the activity of bacteria living in soft and bone tissues and blood of the animal, Antibacterials prescribed for serious indications. The widespread use of antimicrobial drugs in fancy rats is associated with high susceptibility of rodents to infectious and non-communicable diseases and the rapidity of the current of pathological processes, antibacterial agents are prescribed in the mycoplasmosis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, rhinitis, otitis media, pyelonephritis, abscesses , and other common diseases.
Selection of a particular drug should be carried out after determining the sensitivity of the causative agent to the drug by culturing on nutrient media.
Pathogens develop resistance to a particular active substance, therefore, during treatment, the specialist uses the alternation of antibacterial drugs, prescribing medicines long courses of 10-21 days with the double introduction of antibiotics.
Carefully it is necessary to use antibiotics for rats penicillin, which can cause anaphylactic shock in rodents.
Antimicrobial broad-spectrum drug, active substance of which is Enrofloxacin available in 2,5%, 5%, and 10% solution. Domestic rats used in the dose of 10 mg/kg 2 times a day for respiratory diseases, diseases of digestive and urogenital systems, secondary infections. Analogues: Enroflon, Enroxil, Enrofloxacin.
Antimicrobial broad-spectrum drug, active ingredient Ciprofloxacin, available in tablets of 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 g and 0.2% and 1% solution. Decorative rats assigned for respiratory diseases and genitourinary diseases in a dosage of 10 mg/kg 2 times a day. Analogues: Afrexim, cipro, Kvintor, Tsifran, Medociprin etc.
Modern antibacterial drug of broad-spectrum, has a strong bactericidal effect, available in tablets of 0.125 g, 0.5 g capsules of 0.5 g in rats is widely used in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system in a dosage of 30 mg/kg 2 times a day. Analogues: Sumamed, Aziwok, Azitroks, Amazed, Azitral, Summons, Hemomitsin etc.
Toxic bactericidal antibiotic is available in 2%, 4%, 8% and 12% solution for injections, pet rats assigned when severe respiratory disease at a dosage of 2 mg/kg 2 times a day.
Bactericidal antimicrobial broad-spectrum drug, is available in powder for intravenous and intramuscular injection, decorative rats used in the treatment of purulent abscesses and otitis, respiratory diseases in a dosage of 50 mg/kg 2 times a day. Analogue ceraxon.
Bacteriostatic broad-spectrum antibiotic, available in capsules of 100 mg, at home of rats used in the dose of 10-20 mg/kg 2 times a day for respiratory diseases, diseases of digestive and urogenital systems, secondary infections. Analogues: Monoklin, Yunidoks Solutab, Vibramycin, Basado.
Gentle bacteriostatic antibacterial agent, is available in 5% and 20% solution. Domestic rats is indicated for respiratory tract infections at the dosage of 10 mg/kg 2 times a day.
Antiparasitic drugs are prescribed when the parasite in the rat's organism protozoa, helminths and ectoparasites.
Common Antiprotozoal agents in rats are baytril and metronidazole, which are assigned when detected in the feces of a rodent prosteishih, which are the causative agents of giardiasis, coccidiosis and other diseases.
The indication for prescription of anthelmintic drugs is the confirmation of the presence of worms in the feces of the animal. Prophylactic deworming for rats is not applicable because of the high toxicity of these drugs. In case of detection in rats, nematodes, lice, ticks, subcutaneous prescribers of broad spectrum: the Stronghold, Aironet, Lawyer, Otodectin.
Antiparasitic drug, active substance of which is Selamectin, is available in pipettes of different colors, for rats used a tool with a purple cap. The medicine is applied on the withers in a dosage of 6-8 mg/kg.
The action of diuretics aims to increase excretion by the kidneys fluid from the body. Prescribers house rats if you have kidney disease, ascites, pulmonary edema.
Diuretics the urine output necessary to smoothly work the cardiovascular system potassium and sodium. Therefore, diuretics are used in short courses strictly prescribed by the doctor at the same time with kalisberegatmi drugs.
Diuretic, the active ingredient of which is the torasemid, available in tablets of 5 and 10 mg. Pet rats is administered in the dosage of 1 mg/kg to relieve swelling of different origin.
Glucocorticosteroid (GCS) – a group of steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Corticosteroids have a pronounced anti-inflammatory, antihistamine, antishock and immunosuppressive action, which is successfully used in the treatment of edema of the brain, tumors, pneumonia, shock States. Appoint experts to a home to rats preparations corticosteroids in small doses, very short courses.
Synthetic glucocorticosteroid hormonal drug, available in tablets of 4 mg and the lyophilisate for preparation of solution for intravenous and intramuscular injection, pet rats used in the dose 0.5-1 mg/kg, more often single, severe respiratory diseases, anaphylactic and traumatic shock, Mycoplasma, stroke, and Oncology.
This article is only for information purpose and is intended for chrysopogon treating intelligent rodents in the home. Over time quite rapidly changing list of drugs for different diseases of fancy rats. Assign actual dosage of a specific preparation of a specific animal depending on the type of pathology and the neglect of the disease should only veterinarian, it is desirable that he was an experienced rodentology.