Herbivorous mammals love to feast on fruits and vegetables, but not all herbal products are equally useful for the organism of rodents.
Let us examine the basic principles of nutrition, as well as consider the benefits and harms of fruit and vegetables allowed in the diet of Guinea pigs.
Fundamentals of nutrition
In the wild Guinea pigs eat bark and tree branches, fruits, berries and leaves.Overripe or rotten foods will cause digestive problems.
Vitamin C is responsible for the functioning of the connective and bone tissues, pigs have to look from the outside, as their body cannot produce it yourself.
Ascorbic acid is absorbed from plant foods, including fresh vegetables (broccoli, bell peppers) that make up at least 1 Cup of tea a day.
Among the vegetables that you can give Guinea pigs that provide:
- Zucchini. Rich in vitamins, minerals and pectin that normalize intestinal peristalsis.
- Carrots. Positive impact on the condition of skin and coat, visual and auditory functions. In addition to root are allowed to feed the tops. Contained beta-keratin (vitamin a), gives the urine an orange tint.
- Bell pepper. Rich in vitamin C, but dangerous in winter because of the amount of harmful nitrates. As food allowed only the sweet varieties, and lead to acute irritation of mucous membranes.
- Pumpkin. It is eaten not only the flesh, but the rind and seeds, rich in zinc and act as a preventive measure against worms.
- Cucumbers. Low in calories, have anti-inflammatory and facilitate the absorption of fat. Not suitable as a staple food and is dangerous in winter time (high nitrate content).
- Fresh peas. Feed the Pets it is recommended that only fresh pods, not abusing the number. The dried grain is not necessary to use, but some manufacturers add them to the finished feed.
- Cabbage. Requires careful control. Introduced gradually to avoid a rich gazoobrazovania. Rich in sulfur, synthesizing collagen and add Shine to the coat.
- Rutabaga. Helps with constipation, facilitating peristalsis and is a diuretic. Involves the use of in the winter time, when the choice of vegetables was limited.
- Jerusalem artichoke. The use of root vegetables rich in starch, should be limited to avoid intestinal disorders. The rest of the parts that are rich in fiber and amino acids, resolved on a permanent basis.
To controversial and dangerous vegetables include:
- Tomatoes. In the green (immature) form is considered toxic because of the solanine, eating the tops are also not recommended. Ripe tomatoes contain large amounts of vitamins, undergo destruction of dangerous poison, so a limited number can be included in the diet. Avoid tomato abundance, provoking disorder of the intestine.
- Potatoes. Another vegetable rich in solanine poisonous and starchy substances.
- Melon. The threat of developing diabetes due to the abundance of sugars.
- Radish and radish. Essential oils irritate mucous membranes and cause swelling.
- Beets. Has a laxative effect. Not recommended during pregnancy, lactation and age <2 months. In the absence of contraindications allowed a small use of tops and roots, giving the urine a red tint due to betacyanin.
- Corn. Food is allowed only in the green parts. Grain dangerous abundance of starch, in violation of the digestion and leading to weight gain.
The fruit is rich in sugars, therefore are not considered as full part of the diet, but only in the form of treats.
Among all the abundance of fruit without strict restrictions Guinea pig can eat only apples. They normalize the digestive process and eliminate toxins. Bones are subject to mandatory removal, as they contain poisonous toxins.
Among the berries, be used:
- Grapes. The abundance of fiber and vitamin a positive effect on the body. With its pleasant taste animal eats the berries with great pleasure.
- Watermelons. Animals fed only the flesh. Crust mass and nitrite are considered hazardous. Due to the diuretic effect eat a number of minimize.
- Rowan. Chernoplodku replenishes vitamins C and P, and the red – carotene.
To controversial and dangerous to fruits and berries include:
- Citrus. Irritate the mucous and provoke allergic reactions.
- Strawberries. Fraught with an overabundance of vitamin C, leading to allergies, diarrhoea, gastritis and ulcers. Given in tiny doses of no more than 1-2 times a week.
- Bananas. Fill the glucose and fiber, but high in calories and sugars consumed at a minimum.
IMPORTANT! In the preparation of the diet note that rodents of the sea – grazing. Meat and dairy products are not digested by their body and pose a serious danger.
Food Guinea pigs should be balanced and eliminate hunger. Insufficient quantity of food left leads to a rapid dehydration, depleting the body.
Vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins and minerals, help normalize the water-salt balance and boost the immune resistance.