The diet of this rodent, the grass is a great choice.Caution it is necessary to tear the plants in the fields where the crops are treated with pesticides. Clearings in the Park where actively walk their dogs – also not a good gathering place, so the pet can "catch" worms. Banned plants in heavily populated areas, especially industrial cities. Conversely, a forest glade or a village meadow, his own land without chemicals and organic fertilizers – suitable for the collection of green mass.
Fresh greens should be fed dry. If its pre-washed, should be dried before giving Guinea pigs. It is not necessary to scald green feed from the street with boiling water: the vitamin C is destroyed already at 60'C. At the same time to destroy the worms or viruses that will fail.
After the winter, fresh grass is necessary to give small portions, so the animals didn't get sick.
To store fresh herbs should be refrigerated. If it is at room temperature, it is necessary to shake up, not to bad. Dried herb can be given, and rotten – no.
Nettle in the diet of a pet
Nettle contains many nutrients for Guinea pigs. It can be used as a tool of beriberi. Most of all its nutrients at a young age. During flowering, the plant loses some of them. Harvesting of herbs should be carried out in June-July.
To protect the animal from the prickly leaves and stems, before meal to scald the nettles with boiling water. Withered leaves also lose their prickliness. To prepare if the grass has failed, you can buy it at the drugstore in the form of dried leaves or powder. Even in the absence of certain vitamins in the powder is high in protein, starch, trace elements and tannins.
For harvesting nettles decided to take the top leaves in early spring and dry them in the draft. The sun destroys part of the vitamins, the brooms should be placed in the shade.
Clover for rodent
Clover – grass, rich in vitamins and minerals. It has carotene, ascorbic acid, proteins and essential oils and fiber. It is necessary to enter in the green feed, but with some caution. Young sprouts can cause stomach upset. Food good for adult plants, the fruits are tied, and then only the red and white clover. Due to a busy composition, you should not give a lot of clover in pregnant female Guinea pigs. There may be a strong reaction, until the miscarriage.
Plantain contains potassium and citric acid, glycosides, enzymes, tannins, carotene and vitamin C. In ancient times, the herb was made use of as a means for lowering blood sugar. If Guinea pigs like plantain, it is necessary to give it. It is advisable to choose young leaves and avoid plants along highways.
Due to oxalic acid, which is in the plant, quinoa is necessary to give with caution. It causes kidney stones in Guinea pigs. However, in healthy animals, the herb is beneficial in small amounts.
Goutweed is included in the list of herbs that can be given safely throughout the season. The peak of accumulation of nutrients in the spring, when young plants have just appeared in the clearing.
Chamomile has anti-inflammatory action. It relieves spasms, and relieves gas in the intestines. Guinea pigs can be given fresh greens or herb to use its therapeutic properties. Rich broth can give diarrhea. A decoction of chamomile has a slight disinfecting action. It is known for its soothing and calming properties.
Burdock contains inulin, a valuable carbohydrate for diabetics. It also has vitamins and tannins. Guinea pigs can be given the roots and young leaves of this plant in the spring and summer. Burdock has diuretic and mild laxative effect.
Green onion contains phytoncides. It irritates the walls of the stomach of the rodent, so it is impossible to give Guinea pigs. As a rule, they don't eat it.
Sedge – one of the favorite plants Pets. This grass can feed a Guinea pig: they eat it with pleasure.
Spinach in addition to proteins and vitamins high in potassium. Young leaves can be fed in the spring, and frozen greens are available in winter.
This spicy greens belong to the list of allowed herbs. Her willingly eat Guinea pigs.
The plant contains mustard oil. The leaves accumulate a lot of nitrates. With this salad you should not start discovering Guinea pigs with herbs. Sometimes you can give the greens the animal in small quantities.
All kinds of euphorbias, and there are about 60 – poisonous plants. In its stems and leaves contain a milky SAP, burning taste. If poisoning inflamed mucosa of the digestive tract, may be convulsions and cardiac arrest.
Mother and stepmother
Mother and stepmother – a medicinal plant. It is used in diseases of the digestive tract, inflammation and colds. Pigs can be given in the form of leaves, and broth. It is believed that large quantities of grass has a harmful effect on the liver.
Rhubarb is a sour vegetable. It has a lot of oxalic acid. It is better to refrain from feeding the pigs this plant: it can be bad for the kidneys.
Wheatgrass is one the most common street herbs. This grass eats the Guinea pig: its lot is included in the hay for rodents. On this basis it can be considered a basis for forage herbs.
Wormwood is a great food for Guinea pigs. They eat it with pleasure. Unlike ordinary, wormwood yellow flowers not so harmless. If you want to give her the animal, then only small amounts.
Alfalfa is a great herb for pregnant and nursing females and growing rodents. The plant contains a lot of calcium. Because of this composition it is impossible to give an adult as the main food. Offer grass Pets occasionally and in small quantities.
Chickweed, or Stellaria has a bunch of useful substances, including vitamins, minerals, essential oils etc. It is widely used in folk medicine. As a rule, pigs willingly eat it. Contraindications it does not.
There are different views on this salad. Some believe that giving it is not: it has few nutrients. Someone tells about him as about the product, nakaplivaya nitrates and causing bloating. Some owners offer to give it in small quantities.
All come to the same opinion that winter salads of all types need to give caution or excluded altogether. If the plant home production, i.e. grown in soil without chemical fertilizers, you pig give it to you.
Celery is a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. It does not contain a lot of sugar, so the pig is not threatened from his diabetes. Celery root may be given at any time of the year. Green plants can drive alone, placing the root in a pot with soil.
Mint, basically you can give Guinea pigs. Some eat it so that cracks behind the ears. Others avoid fragrant grass side. General recommendations – to introduce for the first time the plant in small quantities.
You can give the animal, if it is not winter lettuce in pots. If I had to give it in pots, tear off the leaves without cuttings – they are the basic nitrates.
The green leaves of the dandelion is a great spring food. The wealth of vitamins ensure the animals wellbeing. Decided to give the rodents only leaves without yellow caps.
What plants can you give a Guinea pig in the fall
In the fall, you can drive the greens from root vegetables allowed, for example:
Planted in a pot the root, it is possible all winter to have fresh herbs of own production.
Another option is fresh greens wheat or oats, peas, beans, etc. For cereals enough to take a shallow but wide container. This can be a disposable plastic container-packaging:
- Make the bottom few holes to drain the water and pour it in the ground.
- Put container under sump to drain water.
- Lay wheat or oats over the whole area with a thick layer of 1.5-2 grains.
- Pour 1 cm of soil on top and tamp slightly.
- Pour over the water.
The container should be put in the window and watered daily. After 3 days or sooner will the sprouts. In a week you will see dense thickets of rose herbs. It can be cut or put together with the container in the cage for rodents.
Green mass gives the pet a lot of joy. However, it can be dangerous if you do not observe the rules of feeding.
Table of plants that you can eat Guinea pigs and you can't
|Beet tops, carrot, celery, turnip||Mistletoe|
|Coriander – cilantro||Euphorbia|
|Mother and stepmother||Fern|
|Corn before the emergence of panicles||Sciacca|
|Greens beans and peas||Lily of the valley|
|Wheat germ, oats, and rye||Narcissus|
|Sprouts of soybeans and other legumes||Wisteria|
|Beijing or Chinese cabbage||Drok|
|Cocksfoot or ordinary||Broom|
|Jerusalem artichoke||The snowberry|
|Leaves, cranberries and raspberries||Prelesnik|