Guinea pigs have a good appetite and a great mood.In the period of wakefulness it doesn't move, refuses treats and fun games with the man. Lack of appetite and lethargy are a symptom of many infectious and non-communicable diseases rodents. If the Guinea pig is not eating, as soon as possible to consult a specialist who will make the diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
Why Guinea pigs became lethargic, stopped eating and drinking
Sometimes cunning animal refuses food, hoping to get treats, but most often lack of appetite signals the presence of pathologies in the body little friend.
Dental disease in Guinea pigs due to violations of the mode of feeding and congenital anomalies are one of the most common reasons for refusal from animal food. With dental pathologies observed excessive under the front incisors, the crowns or roots of the cheek teeth, chipped or cracked teeth, which can injure the mucosa of the gums, tongue, eye and nasal structure.
- lethargic and not eating;
- long goes through the feed and scattering it;
- during chewing of the food falls out of his mouth;
- observed profuse salivation;
- disorders of the digestive system;
- blood streaks in the saliva;
- ulcers and fistulas on the cheeks;
- purulent discharge from the nose and eyes.
What to do in case of dental diseases in Guinea pigs?
Treatment of dental diseases is performed in a veterinary clinic, where after examination and x-rays the specialist grinding of cutters, pruning hooks, polishing the teeth and oral irrigation with antiseptic solutions in the case of stomatitis and gingivitis.
Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in Guinea pigs occurs when violation feeding fluffy favourites or infectious diseases, most often from household pests observed:
Cause of pathology is the use in the diet of low-quality forages. It could be rotten fruit, toxic chemicals or processed herbs. Forbidden treats, stagnant water, infectious diseases and stress can also be causes of diarrhea. When the disease furry rodent eats little or completely refuses to feed. He becomes lethargic and apathetic. He has frequent foul-smelling liquid stool mixed with foam and blood. If the Guinea pig is not drinking and lost a lot of weight, may develop dehydration and death.
What to do when diarrhea in Guinea pigs?
At home during the first days of the disease can be wipout a sick pet:
- a decoction of rice;
- oak bark;
If diarrhea does not stop, I need to call a specialist. Therapeutic activities include a drip infusion of physiological fluids and antibiotics.
Constipation in young rodents develops as a result of:
- a lack in the diet of the animal is rough, juicy forages and water;
- inflammation of the stomach and intestines;
- the formation of tumors, cysts and adhesions in the intestine.
Pathology the development of dangerous cancer of the intestine, intoxication fecal poisons and fatal to your beloved pet.
With the disease of furry animal:
- not eating anything;
- in the cell there is no stool;
- feces may be small and very dry;
- vomiting occurs;
- fissure of the anus;
- rectal prolapse.
A sick animal is very sluggish, sensitive to touch, through the abdominal wall can be felt the stagnation of feces in the intestine.
What to do when constipation in Guinea pigs?
A first response is mineral oil, which need to drink furry patient every three hours. After this, you need to massage his stomach. You can put a small pet mikroklizmy Microlax. Introduction into the rectum of the animal 2 ml laxative medication should help the pet. It is necessary to feed a Guinea pig fractional milled hay. You need to use water with probiotics.
Bloating of the stomach and intestines in domestic rodents occurs on the background of fermentation processes in the gastrointestinal tract. Pathology dangerous rupture of the stomach wall or bowel of accumulated gases with the development of peritonitis and sudden death. The disease occurs when feeding animals with large quantities of wet green grass or root crops. The cause of the fermentation can be:
- spoiled hay;
- poisonous plants;
- poor quality water.
Sometimes bloating is a symptom of infectious diseases. Fully sick animal refuses food and water. He becomes depressed and inactive, sitting or lying in one position, breathing heavily. He has an enlarged eyeballs. Rodent grinds his teeth when tapping the abdomen soreness and drum sound.
What to do when bloating Guinea pig?
To save the life of a small animal must be wipout furry patient any child carminative followed by massage of the abdomen, it is advisable to get beloved pet to move for a better passing flatus. The Guinea pig assigned to the starvation diet on the first day, until complete recovery of the animal's diet must exclude the green grass, fruits and vegetables, which, after recovery, you can gradually introduce in a very limited quantity.
With the change of scenery, a sharp cry, importunate attention of humans and Pets or frightened Guinea pigs completely refused to eat and water, there is lethargy, depression and hair loss. Fraught with fright the development of heart attack or stroke at an emotional animal, which may die on the spot.
What to do when stress in Guinea pigs?
Treatment of a frightened pet is to create a peaceful environment. You can put the cage with the animal in a quiet, darkened room and treat your favorite treats. You should protect your furry friend from any stressful situations. Guinea pig to calm down, adapt and return to a normal life without the use of drugs.
The contents of the furry rodents in a room with a temperature above 18C or in direct sunlight dangerous overheating of the body of the animal, in which there is disruption of the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Prolonged overheating of Guinea pigs is often caused by the sudden death of beloved pet. In pathology of the furry rodent becomes depressed, refuses food and water, there is rapid breathing and heartbeat, loss of consciousness, poor coordination, and seizures, pallor of tongue and mucous membranes.
What to do in heat stroke Guinea pig?
A cage with little else needs to be moved to a cool dark place and water the animal from the syringe with water and immediately call a veterinarian that will make the little patient the injection of drugs that support the heart and the lungs.
If beloved cheerful pet suddenly became sad, refuses food and loses weight rapidly, do not waste time and hope the Guinea pig will recover on their own. Pathology of rodents differ rapid course with development of serious complications and unfortunate consequences. Rescue little animal and the extension of his carefree life dependent on the care of the owner and the timely referral to a specialist.