Newborn Guinea pigs – fluffy, curious creatures, who right from birth quickly master the new conditions of life.The body of the kids is covered with a smooth soft coat. The cubs have slotted tools, open eyes, tiny claws and great hearing. Trusting and brave children Guinea pigs actively move around the cage almost from birth. Despite the fact that the little Guinea pigs look like adults, babies in desperate need of maternal care and breastfeeding. It is not necessary to separate babies from mother before the age of one month.
Young Guinea pigs are born with a weight of 45-140 g depending on the breed and size of litter. Weight of the newborn less than 40 grams is considered critical, most of the kids die. Female Guinea pigs don't care and not feeding of sick or weak children. Yourself to save a cub fails.
The Guinea pig bears a litter of 1-5 kids. First-time mothers often give birth to only one cub with a large enough weight.
A nursing mother has only one pair of active teats, but the milk of Guinea pigs has a high fat content and nutritional value. Therefore, in the absence of problems a female could bring up any number of newborns, calves suck milk alternately.
What to do if Guinea pig gave birth to
A day after delivery, inspect the litter in the absence of females and to remove from the cells unviable and disabled babies with low weight, which is doomed to destruction.
This procedure should be carried out with clean hands, washed with soap and avoid touching of live pigs. Cleaning cells in the first three days after birth is not recommended.
If, before birth, the male was in a cage with a pregnant female, it is urgent to relocate him to another home. Males are able to kill newborn babies. Just gave birth to a female within days after birth can get pregnant again, which can cause death of the newborn litter or a female. Experts recommend pairing Guinea pigs to produce offspring at most twice a year.
Quite often have just given birth females lack the maternal instinct or observed postpartum shock. Where the mother is trying to protect itself from kids, hiding in the corner, is in a depressed condition.
For neonatal resuscitation in such a situation, it is necessary to remove the adult from the cell and try to comfort a frightened animal and offer treats. In the absence of a mother in a cage for the pups, you must place a heating pad to avoid hypothermia and death of young pigs. Most often the adult individual wakes up and becomes a doting mom.
In multiple litter or insufficient development of breast milk it is recommended to introduce in the diet of lactating Guinea pigs cow, goat milk or cream to replenish essential nutrients in the body of the female.
Video: newborn Guinea pigs
What to do if a Guinea pig died in childbirth
Sometimes the female Guinea pig dies during childbirth. Ideal for orphaned children is considered to be nursing a Guinea pig with babies the same age. To the adult adopted kids in the family, you must remove the female from the cage, rubbing the fur of newborn sawdust from the cage and placed in the centre of the brood. Sometimes all the kids are treated with camphor oil, to a female are unable to smell a strange smell. After 20-30 minutes, you can put mom back, which will feed the new family members.
If you can not find the lactating Guinea pig, the responsibility for feeding kids lies with the owner.
Newborn Guinea pig eats every 2 hours day and 3 hours at night.
Artificial feeding of calves produced drip warm 10% cream with the addition of probiotics, insulin syringe without a needle or using a squirrel brush. The cream can be replaced with a dry infant formula.
At the age of 7 days you can gently enter into the diet of piglets dairy-free baby porridge. With the birth of tiny animals in a cage should be a cereal bowl of oatmeal, Apple slices and carrots, down the hay, so the kids were accustomed to adult food.
Orphaned piglets deprived of custody of his mother, who is licking the abdomen and anal area to stimulate emptying of the bladder and intestines. In order to avoid the deaths of kids from peritonitis, due to rupture of the bladder or bowel, the owner of the abandoned babies need after each feeding to make a very careful massage of the stomach and the anal area with a moist swab dipped in boiled water or vegetable oil.
The development of newborn Guinea pigs by days
Newborn Guinea pigs grow quite quickly. Regardless of the initial weight at birth, the cub in a single litter may be born with a weight of about 100 g on the first day the body weight of the pig is unchanged. On the 2nd day after birth weight babies increases by 1. further, provided sufficient food and the absence of pathologies in young Guinea pigs gain weight 3-4 g daily. On the 5th day from the date of delivery, the weight gain is about 25-28 g at the age of 2 weeks, the body weight is doubled relative to the values at birth.
At 8 weeks the young should weigh about 400 grams, then the activity of growth decreases.
The baby Guinea pigs becomes an adult at the age of 6 months, by this time, the weight of males is 900-1200G, females – 500-700 g
The formation of the skeleton and development of the muscle mass in calves continuing until they reach the age of 15 months.
Video: how to grow a Guinea pig from birth to 1 month
When you can take kids in hands
Touch cute piglets early weeks of age is undesirable. A nursing female may abandon or kill the baby with a strange smell. There is also a greater likelihood of damage to delicate bones or internal body of the baby in case of an accidental fall from his hands.
Little Guinea pig — very trusting, but shy creature. It is not recommended to issue a harsh sound in the presence of tiny animals. Frightened in childhood the animals remain shy or aggressive, even in adulthood.
Week pigs it is desirable to regularly stroke your finger across the back, feed treats from the hand without removing it from the cell. Such manipulations are taught pigs to the smell and voice of a person, forming a relationship of trust.
At the age of two weeks are often needed to take kids on hands, controlling the reaction of the little ones.
Young Guinea pigs are not allowed back. To take tiny baby, should be very carefully to bring the fingers under the belly of the animal. Brave baby Guinea pigs can safely independently to go to the palm host. It is recommended to gently pull the baby out of the cage and play with him. Do not scare with the baby sudden movements or sounds, try to catch the little rodent. If the animal is shaking, or meowing, you should bring the baby to a cage until the next time.
When you can give Guinea pigs after birth
Active lactation in female Guinea pigs lasts 21 days, so at the age of 4 weeks, you can transplant the young mother with the condition feed babies cow's milk or cream up to 5-6 weeks.
Early weaning of piglets from nursing pigs adversely affects the health and growth of small animals. Otkazivanje cubs older than 2 months and adversely affect the health of the female, forced to give milk to their already grown children. It is recommended to withdraw from the first brood of well-fed kids, from forming heterosexual groups of juveniles. Young males is deposited by moms at monthly age to avoid covering them adult females.
At the age of one month can give young Guinea pigs for the new owners. Before that age the young rodents is vital to stay near the mother for proper formation of all organ systems, immunity and necessary skills.
Care for newborn Guinea pigs
Guinea pig — most good moms who are happy to take care of a newborn offspring. The owner of the furry brood, you need to properly care for your female and her babies, creating optimal conditions for growth and development fun toddler:
- the cage with the mom and pups should be large enough with a minimum distance between the bars to prevent damage to the thin legs of kids;
- it is recommended to remove from the cage all the stairs, shelves and hammocks;
- a few days after birth, you must daily wash the cell with the change of sawdust or hay. Disinfection of cages and feeders is recommended 1 time per week;
- the temperature in the room with the animals must be at least 18 degrees to prevent hypothermia kids who often have wet fur after licking mother;
- it is necessary to exclude direct sunlight and draughts on the cage with the cubs;
- the cage should be equipped with a sufficient number of drinking bowls with clean drinking water and new feeding troughs with feed, designed for feeding the female and her offspring;
- the atmosphere in the room with the kids to be quiet and peaceful, newborn Guinea pigs are very afraid of sudden sounds and movements.
What to feed baby Guinea pigs
Newborn Guinea pigs during the first three weeks of life, eat very fatty milk of their mother. 3 inquisitive pigs already eat solid adult food. Therefore, the cage should always be a bowl of cereals, grass pellets, fodder and nuts in sufficient quantity. Feed the kids need only fresh and carefully selected products. Daily to remove uneaten food from the cage in order to avoid poisoning young.
During feeding children Guinea pigs eat small amounts of litter adult, rich in vitamins b and C. These substances are necessary for proper growth and development of young animals.
In a cage with a nursing mother and babies should always be hay in sufficient quantity necessary for grinding the teeth and peristalsis of the intestines of animals. Hay must be dry and nice smelling. Wet or rotten hay, it may cause the death of the whole brood.
Young Guinea pigs are happy to eat vegetables and fruits, which are given funny rodents in limited quantities: cabbage, carrot, Apple, lettuce, bell pepper, cucumber summer season.
Young Guinea pigs – a touching and affectionate fluffy clumps, which after getting used to the man bring you many joyful and cheerful minutes communicating with the gullible and bright-eyed kids.