Funny Guinea pigs are very clean Pets, for which the required minimum maintenance and simple affordable food.Sometimes parasitic insects looking for food in fall city apartments from the basement of the house and the sewer. The host can infect a favorite animal of external parasites brought in on clothes from the environment.
Parasitic insects Guinea pigs, in addition to the lice, not transmitted to humans, they do not have the ability to bite people or to reproduce on the human body. Lice attack the person cause pediculosis.
Parasitism of insects in Pets causes many of the owners allergic reaction to the waste products of the parasites.
The symptoms of a Guinea pig ectoparasites
Parasitism on the body of Guinea pigs different types of ectoparasites is accompanied by similar symptoms:
- pet worried, often scratching the skin to the blood and gnaws coat due to the unbearable itching from insect bites;
- happening and hair loss on the limbs and the head, there is a decrease in appetite and body weight;
- in severe cases of the skin form a major bescherte areas and sores.
When such symptoms are advised to urgently seek the assistance of professionals. The wrong treatment the Guinea pigs in the home can trigger the development of anemia, exhaustion, blood infection, intoxication and death.
Commonly encountered parasites in Guinea pigs
In Guinea pigs most often are the following types of parasitic insects.
Subcutaneous mites in the Guinea pig causes:
- severe itching;
- education heavy scratching on the body, accompanied by swelling and purulent inflammation.
Domestic rodents infest three subcutaneous mites, causing:
- the sarcoptic mange;
- also Guinea pig are striking fur and ear mites.
Treatment of Guinea pigs during parasitism subcutaneous, ear and fur mites must be carried out at the veterinary surgeon. The independent use of insecticides can cause intoxication and death of a beloved animal.
The causative agent is a microscopic arachnids the itch mite Trixacarus caviae, a parasite and multiplies in the subcutaneous layers.
This kind of parasitic insect found only in Guinea pigs, so infection can occur through contact with sick relatives.
Healthy Pets with strong immune systems, the mite may be dormant, and the parasite multiplies in the body without showing clinical disease.
The hardest hurt of the young, elderly, malnourished, sick, pregnant Guinea pigs and animals in uncomfortable conditions or exposed to frequent stressful situations. When the disease of the pet is experiencing:
- severe itching and soreness of the affected areas;
- itchy and chewing himself;
- observed hair loss;
- vast areas of baldness;
- open wounds, sores and scratching on the skin;
- lethargy, refusal of food and water;
- cramps, abortion.
In severe cases, if untreated, Guinea pigs can die from dehydration. Diagnosis of the disease is for a vet to identify and establish species of tick used microscopic examination of a scraping of the skin.
Treatment of Guinea pigs affected cessationism mite, is carried out by a specialist, most often a sick animal is assigned Otodectin injection, Ivermectin or applied to the withers drops a Lawyer, a Stronghold. The core of the home the pet must be removed. The cage should be disinfected first, alkaline solutions, and then treated with insecticidal preparations.
The sarcoptic mange
Disease caused by microscopic mites of the family Sarcoptidae, progressie moves in the subcutaneous layers. Guinea pigs become infected by contact with sick animals, using hay or filler. To understand that a small animal subcutaneous parasitic mites can be a typical triangular growths on the skin with crusts of gray. The disease manifests itself:
- education of alopecia on the face and limbs.
The diagnosis is confirmed by detection of the causative agent in scrapings of the skin by microscopic studies of the veterinary clinic. For the treatment prescribed treatment of Guinea pigs with acaricidal sprays on the basis of selamectin, cage animal subjected to a thorough disinfection.
The causative agent are microscopic worm-like mites of the genus Demodex that feed on animal blood. Parasitic insects live in the subcutaneous layers of the rodent home. Infection of Guinea pigs occurs through contact with sick animals, young animals are often sick mother. For demodicosis is characterized by the appearance on the skin of the head and limbs of numerous papules and pustules in areas of tick bite. Further, the formation of ulcers and alopecia in the affected area. Often pathology is accompanied by swelling of the limbs, which manifests a slight limp. The diagnosis is made after microscopic examination of scrapings of the skin. To treat a Guinea pig from demodicosis should be under the supervision of a specialist toxic drugs based on ivermectin, its overdose is deadly for Guinea pigs.
Fur mites Chirodiscoides caviaе parasites on the skin and in the coat of Guinea pigs.
To detect microscopic pathogen to the naked eye is impossible.
Pets become infected by direct contact with sick animals. Infestation of parasitic insects appears:
- the hair loss;
- education on the skin of ulcers and erosions;
- failure of the animal from forage and water.
For diagnosis we use a microscopic study of the pet's coat, the treatment is based on the use of drugs Otodectin or Ivermectin.
In Guinea pigs in the ear can parasite the rabbit ear mite Psoroptes cuniculi. Infection of domestic Pets occurs through contact with sick animals.
Mites can be detected with the naked eye, infected individuals detected by the accumulation of reddish-brown wax in the ears and dark insects with an oval body.
When the ear mite parasitism observed:
- redness of the ear with formation of yellow-red growth;
- otitis media and torticollis, Guinea pig often scratches his ear and shakes his head.
The treatment is based on the use of drugs Ivermectin and antibiotics.
If a Guinea pig while walking in the environment was bitten by Ixodes tick, you must go to a veterinary clinic for extraction and examination of the insect and the appointment of symptomatic treatment.
In Guinea pigs, sometimes fleas. This files most often on the body of a furry rodent lives cat flea felis Ctrenocephalides – blood-sucking insect the size of 3-5 mm, which is able to parasitize cats, rats, Guinea pigs and humans. Fleas in Guinea pigs appear in contact a small animal with infected Pets, usually dogs and cats. Parasitism insect causes:
- itching, anxiety, and anemia;
- pet constantly itching and wykonywac fur;
- appear on the skin scratches and wounds.
When combing the Guinea pig comb between the teeth are detected, red-brown insects with a flattened body or their dark droppings, which when wet paint the water pink. Treatment of Guinea pigs fleas based on the use of drugs for cats that contains pyrethrin.
Vlasiei in Guinea pigs cause trichodectes.
Ectoparasites are not dangerous to humans, but their parasitism on the body of a small animal causes severe itching and exhaustion that can cause a lethal outcome.
The source of the infestation is fodder, hay, filler, or contact with sick relatives. Furry insects are striking vlasiei Chirodiscoides caviae, causing trichodectes. Parasites live on the skin of the animal, priciples limbs to the base of the hair Guinea pigs, and feed on flakes of epidermis and blood Guinea pig. Insects can be seen with the naked eye when moving apart of the coat. Vlady look like a rapidly moving light worms with a size of about 1-3 mm. parasites occur on the body of Guinea pigs, the female insect lays about a hundred eggs-nits, firmly stick them in the coat of a pet.
The host can detect light dandruff in the fur of a pet that cannot be removed or shaken from the hair of the fur pigs. When trichodectes animal:
- hard itchy;
- gnaws the fur and skin;
- refuses food and feed;
- on the skin there are numerous of extensive alopecia areata with wounds and sores.
The diagnosis is confirmed in a veterinary clinic microscopic examination of the parasite.
Treatment of Guinea pigs affected by blasedale, it is necessary to have a veterinary specialist. When trichodectes animal assigned treatment spray for cats on the basis of permethrin: Celandine, of Bolfo, Akaromektin.
To reduce the toxic effects of therapeutic agents, it is preferable to use sprays and drops: Advocate, Stronghold, Neocomian.
Video: how to deal with blasedale Guinea pig
Lice in Guinea pigs provoke itching and anxiety of the pet. Parasites feed on the blood of a small mammal, the adult insects similar to yellowish oblong fast running the point size of 1-3 mm, nits parasite like light dandruff on the fur of the rodent.
The parasites are transmitted to humans, causing pediculosis – a disease characterized by itching, fever and anemia.
A louse has a cutting mouthparts in front of the suction insect injects toxins that prevent blood clotting. One parasite throughout the day can really get in the skin of Guinea pigs up to 10 times accompanied by severe itching, and anxiety in a pet.
A small animal constantly itches, twitches, bites and scratches himself, there is fur loss, scratching and abrasions on the skin, refusal to feed, lethargy and apathy.
Parasitism lice dangerous to the development of anaemia, blood poisoning and death.
Treatment for Guinea pig lice is a veterinary technician after microscopic examination of the parasite, Pets sprays are appointed on the basis of permethrin or Ivermectin injection, Otodectin.
Prevention of infection of Guinea pigs ectoparasites
To prevent infection of Guinea pigs by parasites, you need to observe some simple preventive measures:
- to feed Guinea pigs a balanced diet using vitamins to strengthen the immune system of animals;
- Guinea pigs that are walked in the external environment, processing, insecticide sprays, when bathing, use special shampoos for fleas;
- to buy litter, food and hay only in specialized stores;
- wash hands and change to street clothes before socializing with your beloved pet.
Parasitizing insects if untreated can cause progressive exhaustion or death of a pet. When the itch and anxiety in the Guinea pig, it is recommended to start treatment under the supervision of the veterinary surgeon.