Guinea pigs are herbivores fed Pets.When the content of furry animals in the home must be added to the diet of animals vitamins for Guinea pigs. The lack of vitamins in the body leads to scurvy, spasms, poor coordination, infertility. It is possible to stop growth, impaired immunity and worsening of the overall health of a beloved friend.
Vitamin C for Guinea pigs
Unlike the wild rodents in the body of domestic Guinea pigs lack the enzyme I-gluconolactone required for synthesizing ascorbic acid from glucose. This physiological feature makes impossible self to make vitamin C, so to give the Guinea pig ascorbic acid is necessary all life.
Shortage of ascorbic acid in the animal body causes scurvy, which manifests the following characteristic symptoms:
- lethargy, inactivity, reduced appetite;
- lameness cautious gait, difficulty in movement;
- swelling of the joints;
- vzjeroshenij and hair loss;
- the loosening and loss of teeth, bleeding gums;
- bleeding under the skin blood in the urine, saliva, feces;
- diarrhea, General weakness.
In the absence of receipt of vitamin C in the body of a pet pathology ends with the death of furry animals.
To provide your beloved animal with the necessary amount of vitamin C in spring and summer, you can increase the content in the diet of fresh green grass, stems and leaves permitted herbs, fresh vegetables and fruits. In the winter you need to give Guinea pigs a synthetic ascorbic acid. Regardless of the season in an increased dosage of vitamin C need pregnant and lactating females, growing young, the sick and weakened animals.
Products containing vitamin C
Askorbinka for Guinea pigs is given in a dosage of 10-30 mg/kg daily, pregnant, sick and debilitated Pets need 35-50 mg/kg every day. Organic vitamin C in large quantities contained in the following products:
- bell pepper;
- branches of pine trees, raspberry and black currant with leaves.
These products are available to owners of Guinea pigs in summer, so with enough introduction in the diet of small animals juicy fresh herbs, vegetables and fruits additional administration of synthetic vitamin C is not required.
It is necessary to pay special attention to the place of gathering herbs, lawns and parks are treated with chemicals that, when intake of Guinea pigs can cause bloating, diarrhea, intoxication and death.
Synthetic vitamin C is added to responsible producers in dry, granular feed, but after three months from the date of manufacture ascorbic acid is destroyed. Finished feed is recommended to buy fresh and store not more than a month in a dark, dry room humidity and temperature contribute to the accelerated destruction of useful vitamin.
How to give vitamin C to a Guinea pig
Synthetic vitamin C is given to house rodents in liquid form or in tablets in the autumn-winter period. Tablets are sold in veterinary stores or regular human pharmacy. When buying askorbinki, you must carefully consider the composition: the product must contain pure vitamin C without additives. Used to provide the body of the animal With vitamin C a multivitamin is not recommended. Possible hypervitaminosis with the development of undesirable complications.
Vitamin C for men is available in a dosage of 100 mg, so for a beloved pet is enough of a quarter of a tablet daily. The drug can crumble and mix with food. Some individuals with pleasure gnawing a vitamin, seeing it as a treat. Dissolve in water vitamin C is not recommended: a small rodent may refuse to drink acidic water. The consequence may be not only scurvy, but also dehydration.
Liquid medication sold over the counter in the form of a 5% solution of ascorbic acid. The drug should daily vpaivaetsja small animal in a dosage of 0.5 ml of an insulin syringe without the needle. Add a liquid solution of vitamin C in the drinking bottle is also not recommended: it is impossible to control the dose. In addition, the solution oxidizes the metal of the troughs, and a small rodent may refuse to drink acidulated water.
Do I need to give the Guinea pig a multivitamin?
With a balanced diet, sufficient feeding greens, fruits and vegetables, good appetite, good mood and physical activity to give to a Guinea pig advanced complex of vitamins is not recommended.
The excess of synthetic vitamins in the body a pet with little food is a stimulus for the formation of tumors. The use of vitamin supplements in Guinea pigs, it is advisable to disease, exhaustion, a weakened immune system. Dosage, course and form of a particular drug must appoint a veterinary specialist.
For keeping Guinea pigs and healthy need quite a bit: more succulent herbs, vegetables and fruits to provide essential amount of vitamin C, granulated feed, hay, clean water and the love of his master.