What to do if Guinea pigs lose their hair and scaly skin

The quality of the fur of the animal, an accurate indicator of health.If both plots are symmetrical and does not grow with time, and the skin is not scaly and not itchy — nothing to worry about.

Hair loss behind the ear is normal for Guinea pigs

Hair loss may indicate aging of the animal. Usually this is accompanied by decreased activity and weight gain. Mumps in old age paying less attention to the hygiene that is reflected in the quality of wool.

If the behavior and appearance of the animal detected the change, then the fallen hair indicates health problems of the pet.

The causes of baldness

Natural physiological processes do not cause the pet discomfort and impact on appearance. Any changes require further attention of the owner.

Signs of diseases:

  • nervous and frequent scratching;
  • bald spots;
  • baldness;
  • apathy;
  • loss of appetite;
  • disturbing behavior;
  • skin defects in the form of papules, pustules, scratching, scabbing;
  • erythema nodes;
  • dry skin and dandruff;
  • traces of parasites.

Upon detection of unpleasant symptoms is to consult a veterinarian.

If Guinea pigs lose their hair, it is useful to consult a veterinarian

Common cases of combined disorders, which are difficult to identify not professional.

Unsuitable diet

The deficiency of nutrients and vitamins in the diet can cause Guinea pig fur loss clumps.

For vitamin deficiency Guinea pig balding, chews limestone walls and dirty bedding.

The immune system of the rodent is reduced, so the symptoms are often accompanied by conjunctivitis and colds.

For vitamin deficiency should change the diet of your pet. You need to apply specific complexes of trace elements, including:

  • vitamins a, C, D;
  • potassium;
  • calcium;
  • phosphorus.

The lack of roughage can cause the animals eating their own hair. You should provide the animal access to fresh hay.

Hair falls out from lack of nutrients, the female with cubs

Special attention to nutrition should be given in the winter and early spring. A weakened body needs additional sources of nutrients. Beriberi can develop in pigs during the breeding season. The period of gestation and care of young depletes the body of the female.

Infestation

If the pet had fur, it should check the fur cover for the presence of parasites. The larvae can enter the skin of your pet during walks outside. The cause is poor quality hay or contact with other Pets.

The coat of the Guinea pig can fall when infected fleas

Traces the life of most species can be identified when viewed. Fleas leave on the hair a scattering of dark dots. When combing comb, the teeth are insects and brown granules.

In a similar way we can calculate the lice. The larvae are pear-shaped are attached to the hairs. Parasites prefer hard-to-reach areas with dense fur. During the inspection of animals it is convenient to use a magnifying glass. It will help to identify intruders in the early stages of infection.

The itch mite causes severe itching. The animal becomes restless, scratching at the skin to the formation of RAS with grayish scabs. Possible alopecia, coarsening of the cover, the formation of papules and pustules. The mite prefers to live on the back, head and sides. To diagnose, needed scraping.

The mite not only causes baldness, but also affects the skin

Fur mite lives in the hair on the butt and around the perineum. When infected Guinea pig lose their hair and scaly skin, possible redness. Itching is not so strong, but the rat is constantly licking the fur, from which it dims. Mites can be detected with a microscope.

Vlasiei live at the root of the hairs.

They are visible to the naked eye, reminiscent of white dots, which are rapidly moving through the fur of the animal. From them are formed bald spots and scratching.

Treatment of parasites involves the treatment of animal insecticides and disinfection of cells. The entire fabric of the cells should be removed. Solid surface after treatment, rinse under running water.

To treat rodents has special preparations

Worms can cause nutritional deficiencies in the body that affects the appetite of the animal. Animal becomes sluggish, it increased thirst and the symptoms of poisoning. The fur of an animal looks like when deficiency.

The parasite can be seen with the naked eye among the excrement of a rodent. Treatment at home is undesirable. Drugs should be chosen in accordance with the subspecies of the parasite, otherwise, he will survive and adapt to adverse conditions.

Fungal infections

Guinea pigs susceptible to fungal infections. The disease is contagious, it can be obtained through contact with other individuals. Most often this arises from poor care, high humidity, dirty bedding and heat. Fungal infection can be transmitted to humans.

A fungal infection requires attention: it is contagious to humans

The most common problem is ringworm. Sick Guinea pigs actively itches, she drops the wool. Among the fur form large bald areas. In areas where there is hair, visible redness and skin peeling. In most cases, the disease spreads from the tip of the ear.

Treatment of fungal infection shall appoint a veterinarian. To determine the type of bacteria may need scraping. Holder is required to comply with preventive measures to avoid Contracting the disease from a pet.

Other factors

Fur loss on the belly and flanks is observed in pigs with ovarian cyst. The disease can occur without symptoms. Occasionally it is accompanied by anorexia and lethargy. In the Guinea pig increases the stomach. Diagnosis and can support only a vet.

Wool climbs in Guinea pigs exposed to stress.

Alopecia often develops as a result of increased anxiety. Negative impact on the psyche of the animal has a close cell and located near the source of loud noises.

Other Pets may cause stress to the Guinea pigs

Prevention

To fur was thick and glossy, it is necessary to provide good animal care. Guinea pig should be spacious and clean room with appropriate temperature control. The diet must be balanced.

Do not allow to approach to the Guinea pig animals. When sharing a new individual must undergo a two week quarantine in a separate cage.

All purchased feed must be inspected by checking the quality. Accessories from a pet store it is advisable to wash thoroughly before installation. Before you walk on the street it is better to use a spray to protect from parasites.

A new pet should be quarantined before pairing

Soft brush for wool and double-sided comb with different frequency of teeth is indispensable in the care of the coat. They can be used to comb out dirt and dead scales of epidermis, which is beneficial to the coat. Regular grooming is fast enough to detect the infestation by fleas and lice.

Video: a receding hairline in Guinea pigs behind the ears

 

What to do if Guinea pigs lose their hair and scaly skin
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