Anatomy of the hamster and the features of the body and skeleton

All owners of Pets are requested to study the features of those they want to tame, be it dog, cat or hamster.They fit up to 18 grams of food. When filled completely, the head of the animal is increased to two times.

The jaw structure of the hamster at first glance is not difficult, but in addition to two pairs of self-sharpening incisors, there are 6 pairs of molars are designed for chewing food. The cutters are in constant growth, so you need to buy pet toys variety of solid or to provide wooden chopsticks.

Skeleton of a Syrian hamster is arranged on the same principle as the other mammals, but his bones have a high fragility.

So, if cats have a way of "otprygivat" from the surface, the hamster when jumping from a height is likely to break the limbs, but can also damage the insides.

The structure of the internal organs of the hamster is also monotonous, but there is a peculiarity: two-compartment stomach. It has two Department:

  • the front is designed for mixing of food;
  • glandular is responsible for the digestion process.

Sex of the animal is determined by the distance from the anus to the sexual organs: in males it is about 1-1. 5 cm, females — 3 mm.

Anatomy of a Djungarian hamster

This is one of the most popular Pets among rodents. Anatomy of the hamster dzhungaria essentially no different from the Syrian, but also has its peculiarities: the presence of hair on the feet, called monologist. Also from the rest of the species can be distinguished by the gray strip on the back running from head to tail. The coat is usually painted in beige tones or the smoky hues.

The skeleton of a Djungarian hamster from the Syrian differs only in length: the latter is much larger — up to 20 cm when gungari grows no more than 10 cm Female Syrian is able to bear fruit already in 16 days, and their congener — for 19-22 days. Both equally is the ability to be fertilized within 24 hours after birth.

Equally they have the appearance of ears on the temporal part of the skull. In addition to the main purpose — ears — they need to coordinate in space and maintain equilibrium.

How many fingers have a hamster

Despite the small size, the front paws of the animal is quite developed in nature, in the wild, they he is digging the ground. On these legs is four fingers, there is a fifth, but he's hardly developed (atrophied). On their hind legs have five toes, but the limbs are weak, he takes them dug the ground, swinging back.

What is the body temperature of the hamster?

For this pet the optimum temperature is in the range of 37.5 — 38.5 degrees. Method of measurement — rectal. This thermometer is inserted into the anus and remains there for 5 minutes. The temperature of the hamster can be decreased and increased. The first option is worse, as the evidence of neglected infectious process. In this case you need to fill in the bottle with warm water, wrap in a cloth and put on her the animal, keep to 10 minutes, then wrap in a hot towel, and then to go to the vet.

At elevated temperatures it is necessary to place the pet in a cool place, next to the balcony or fridge, but also should not delay with the visit to the specialist is probably some kind of infection.

If the hamster tail

Like most mammals, have Khomyakov also has a tail, but usually he is very short and not always visible, the average length — 7 mm (in some species may reach 10 cm). Its main function is to cover the anus from infection.

For owners it is important to monitor the among hamsters, there is a disease called "wet tail". This is the main syndrome, cause — diarrhoea, caused by poor quality food, dirty water or poorly cleaned cages. This disease is serious, as 90% of Pets will die, if not to go to the vet as soon as it was spotted.

Than a mouse different from the hamster

Though both species and belong to the rodents, but in appearance they are still very different:

  • the tail of the mouse it is long, almost like the body itself, the hamster, as mentioned, consider it invisible;
  • muzzle: the mouse is elongated and rather narrow, the skull of a hamster rather broad and nearly flat;
  • body: the hamster is shorter, most different thick hair, so it's rounded shape and the mouse body is more elongated and slim;
  • coat: mouse wears grey or white color, her kinsman — multicolored: white, gray, black, camel, red, usually — mixture (spotted).

So, the hamster, though small, but has the features that you need to know before buying.

Anatomy of the hamster and the features of the body and skeleton
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