Hair loss: natural and pathological moulting hamsters

Every owner of a hamster which pet lived longer than a year, ever wondered why the hamster falls wool.Veterinarian, eliminating the most common causes of skin problems in rodents can only guess why a hamster shed. Owner helpful to know about conditions that cause hair loss.

Enhanced hair loss is not always accompanied by hair loss. Signs of molting is the piece of fur in a cage, the hairs on the palm, after the animal sat on its hands, or stroked him.

Moulting hamsters

Molt is a complete or partial change of coat. It can be age-related and seasonal. In the first case, the young animal soft baby coat is replaced by more dense and coarse adult hair. In hamsters occurs most often unnoticed at the age of about 4 months.

The seasonal molt is associated with the seasons. Usually animals have the autumn and spring molt. Those who are asleep in the winter, molting takes place in the summer. There is no single answer to the question – do hamsters molt. Yes, fur brushes, but in healthy animals this is not visible to the owners. The process of molting depends largely on genetics and conditions. The Syrian hamster must refresh the hair without the formation of bald spots. Patches of baldness is difficult to see if the animal thickly covered with hair. And Junggar during molting become spotted.

If the hamster falls out, the hair on the back, but he is not itching, active and eats well – it is possible that he sheds.

There is a visual test for moult: blow on the fur and inspect the hair. Djungarian coat has 3 colors: black tips, light middle grey base. If the animal is growing new fur will appear to 6 new intermediate colors.

Bare patches can appear on any part of the body, but more often it's belly and hind legs.

Some Djungarian hamsters change color in the winter white or grey ball in January. In February, these animals have the reverse shift of wool. This molt inherent genetics, depends on photoperiod and temperature.

Video: how is molting hamster

Causes pathological loss of hair

Beriberi

peeling on the ears of a hamster

If a hamster for a long time, eats only dry food, cereals, the animal may be a vitamin deficiency. It is not known, the lack of which substances cause hair loss, so treatment is reduced to diversity of diet. Deficiency the hamster flaky skin and like wool, but no signs of inflammation. The animals body is covered with thick dense fur, so the first thing the owner notices that peel his ears.

You should give the animal herbs, vegetables and fruits in addition to dry food, and occasionally to offer a piece of boiled eggs or meat. There are liquid vitamins for rodents, which give with feed or drinking water, such as "8 in 1"Hamster&GerbilVitaSol.

Stress

In a stressful situation hamsters are hard zapakowane glands and can begin to lose hair. Moving, annoying attention, systematic interruption of daytime sleep, loud sounds of TV – owners rodent do not even realize how much discomfort can deliver pet these factors.

If Jungaria lose their hair as a first aid it is necessary to revise the diet, and then eliminate the irritants. Hamster that decide, or just is in the house recently, no need to take up some time.

Reproductive function

In lactating females lose their hair on the belly. The fur grows back after weaning calves. Also females can intensively shed during pregnancy.

For hamster contained alone, other relevant problems. When polycystic ovary disease and endometritis (inflammation of uterus) can be hormonal alopecia. Symmetrical bald spots are formed on the sides, itching is absent.

Disorder of the gastrointestinal tract

If the hamster had diarrhea, regardless of the cause of the disorder, the fur of the animal for some time will not be as thick and shiny as before. Nutrients are not absorbed, the body is weakened. It is possible to poison with poor-quality food, nitrates from succulent fodder. Intoxication one of the symptoms is hair loss.

Problems with teeth

In violation of the grinding of a continuously growing teeth, fracture of incisors, inflammation of the cheek bags, the leading symptoms are: inability to eat normally and constant drooling. The hair on the neck is always wet, and soon begins to fall.

Old age

Almost all of the diseases of internal organs anyway affect the condition of coat. To diagnose the tiny rodent kidney or liver failure is impossible: it is difficult to obtain sufficient blood for analysis. Possible neoplastic processes, but Djungarian hamster is too small for ultrasound diagnosis. We can only guess what the organs and systems acting up at the older animal, but after 1.5-2 years of continuous moulting hamsters, common.

Conclusion

If the pet is peeled off in the spring of wool, that doesn't always mean that it requires treatment. For the diagnosis need to consult a veterinarian. Catalog or an experienced breeder hamsters will tell you what to do if during the period of shedding hair falls out faster than it grows a new one. Often use drug "Tsamaks" for rodents (90% zeolite, 10% sulphur) or conventional feed sulfur (0.01 g), which accelerates the growth of hair and improves skin condition. It is useful to introduce in the diet of flax seeds or sesame seeds, rich in fatty acids.

Video: what to do if a hamster going bald behind the ears

Hair loss: natural and pathological moulting hamsters
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