First pet of the child can be a Djungarian hamster: care and maintenance do not require a large monetary or time costs.They live in the steppes and semideserts of Kazakhstan, Asia, Russia (West Siberia, Altai Krai). The name was named after a province in Northwest China, Dzungaria. Sungarski hamster (Phodopus sungorus) is an alternative naming of Jungaria.
Thrifty rodents are singles. Each animal settles the hole with 4-6 inputs, the depth of one meter, where in the various branches is a store room, a bedroom, a latrine. Out of the holes they're in twilight and at night. Eat grass, seeds, berries, insects.
Every day Sungari runs several kilometers in search of food.
On the grassy plains of tiny hamsters have a lot of enemies – birds of prey, ferrets, stoats. That baby is not extinct, nature has endowed them with a camouflage color and amazing fertility.
Dwarf hamsters with a length of 10 cm and a weight of 40-50 g. the Animal is covered with dense short fur. Natural color is the most common: the back is gray-brown, with a pronounced black stripe along the spine. The belly is light, the foot on the inside is also white. Eyes black, convex, shiny.
Colors Djungarian hamsters
Natural color most common, but in nurseries, taking spectacular mutation in fur, managed to get unusual colors. Tangerine repeating natural pattern, but the fur is not dark, but light brown, red. Color sapphire — blue-gray.
The rare "pearl", white Djungarian hamster. Pearl color is characterized by the loss of the dark stripe along the spine. Djungarian hamster is not black, or albino. This color variation indicates that it is Campbell, not Suguri.
Pet fancy suit requires a responsible relationship: "color" rodent less resistant to adverse conditions and stress. So, red hamsters – carriers of the lethal gene, so individuals of the same color should not interbreed with each other.
In the wild dark Djungarian hamsters exposed to seasonal shedding. They are lighter: white or sereyut, although the dark stripe on the back remains. The apartment this phenomenon is rare, because the temperature does not fall below 16 C and the daylight is continuous.
Maintenance and catering: equipment
To care for Djungarian not difficult, this task can handle even the children. But you need to organize hamster life. The main rule – the hamster should be their own home. If you want to have two hamsters – you will need 2 cells.
Despite the tiny size of the pet, the cage should be large, at least 50х30 see to avoid personal injury, recommended single cell. Instead of the usual slatted construction with a plastic tray should look to closed "dunes" and cells with plastic inserts. Tubes and tunnels will help the animal feel at home. Good options:
Ferplast "Duna Fun"
Fop "Charlie Prestige"
IMAC Fantasy, 58х38х38,5 cm
Put the cage in a quiet place, protected from sun and drafts. It must be a house, so favorite rodent could retire. For dsungarica perfect small (10 cm long) wooden house with no Windows and no bottom. More information you will find on the page about choosing the right cage for a Djungarian hamster.
On the bottom a thick layer of poured filler – corn or cellulose, and in the house put white paper towels or tissue paper to build a nest.
The hamster needs to run a few kilometers every day to stay healthy. In captivity, such activity can only be achieved with cross-country wheels. For dwarf diameter should be 16-18 see It should not have rails, the surface of a solid or fine mesh, not to get stuck foot.
Also the wheels use pleasure balls. In it, the animal will be able to safely move around the apartment. Well, if the owner provides Playground: maze, tunnel.
Equipment "the dining room"
The feeder most often small ceramic bowl: heavy enough to not tip over and is easy to clean. Mandatory drinking bowl, and the bowl of water is undesirable. Better to hang a closed capacity: nipple or ball avtopoilki.
The basis of the diet is grain – finished feed for dwarf hamsters. Due to the fast metabolism eat the hamster a lot. To pet was healthy, used food from trusted manufacturers:Versele-Laga "Mini Hamster Nature", JR Farm,fed. Low-cost domestic option could be Chica BIO "Food for Djungarian hamsters".
In addition to cereals pet give juicy food (vegetables, fruits, berries, greens), and occasionally – and protein food (cooked chicken, low fat cottage cheese). Contrary to popular myth, the hamster can't eat everything, eat "from the table". Will have to look carefully at the list of permitted and prohibited foods, and stick to it.
In addition to feed in the pet store to buy treats – edible sticks and cones, mineral stone grinding of teeth.
Other accessories (optional)
Small cage-carrying will be useful to take the pet to a veterinary clinic when moving. Her Homa is deposited in the General cleaning of the cell.
If the owner cares about the cleanliness of the fur and absence of unpleasant smell from the rodent, buy a tank and special bathing sand for chinchillas.
The care and feeding
If you explain to the child how to care for a hamster, the little master will feel responsible for the pet. Hamsters fed every day, in the evening, when the animal wakes up. Change the water in the drinking bowl, it must always be fresh.
Spend every day in the cage spot cleaning. It is necessary to promptly remove the remnants of succulent fodder to prevent spoilage and decay (the audit reserves). Removes accumulation of faeces and wet litter, if necessary, adding fresh litter. Hamsters clean, and organize in a cage special dressing corner.
Very important to keep the animal clean, so that he is not sick, but a General cleaning with a complete change of the litter is stressful for hamsters. Wash the cell not more than 1 times a week using a sponge and soap without fragrance. Handle all accessories: bowl, wheel, toys. Dismantled and washed the drinker (iron nose clean from plaque and pour over boiling water).
To clean the cage better on a schedule (every 7-10 days) without waiting for the appearance of a strong smell. Even if contaminated, should avoid toxic chemicals like bleach. To remove white spots from urine and eliminate the smell, use vinegar (applied for 15 minutes).
Hamsters are very sensitive psyche. Rearrange the cage irritates them, especially the "pantry" – stocks of food, which instinctively creates animal. Regular ruin of the pantry he is in despair, trying to find a cage in a more secluded place. Therefore, to clean the house of pet you need selectively, removing only products that are prone to damage. To reduce stress with spring cleaning, in a cage, leaving a bit of the old filler and napkins out of the nest.
Drugarice possess an independent character, and not too eager to communicate. To wean the animal to bite and fearlessly take on hands, it will have to patiently tame day after day. To raise a hamster once and for all life will not work: if not to contact him for 1-2 weeks, the pet will again digitize, and training to their hands again.
To keep the animal with nocturnal – so not to disturb him during a NAP, content with the communication and supervision of them in the evening. Will have to endure noise at night: the hamster will run in a wheel, chew the bars of the cage and toys, digging litter, rustling paper in the house.
Take care of Djungarian not difficult, the trouble becomes even enjoyable for the owner, sincerely attached to his pet. Touching the habits and appearance make this kind of dwarf hamsters are the most common pet. With proper care, animal will live 2 years or more. Although for humans, this term seems unfortunate small, in captivity, hamsters live much longer than wild counterparts.
If you are looking Djungarian hamster as your pet, before you make a choice,we recommend you to get acquainted with the Syrian hamster. The Syrian hamster is almost equal to Jungaria popular, but much different from his brother.