Hamsters belong to the rodent family homemovie.The Mongolian hamster Eversmann and is harmless steppe inhabitants and cute Pets. The genus is named in honour of famous Russian traveler and zoologist – Eversmann E. A.
Especially the appearance, diet and habitat of rodents
Both species of hamsters of the genus eversmannia have similarities and slight differences by which they were divided into separate categories.
Description and features of resettlement animals
Mongolian hamster size resembles a mouse, but slightly larger. Description of the animal starts with size. Length from head to tip of tail rarely exceeds 15 cm Short tail grows up to 2 cm From the base of the hair has a bloom size of about 1 cm Wool light no characteristic breed of dark spots on breast. Abdomen, the inner surface of the tail and paws are white.
A normal pet's diet – small insects, fresh greens and roots. Animals are very nimble and mobile. One of the Mongolian gerbil is able to take individual territory with a diameter of 400 m. the habitat explains the reason why the species got its name – the territory of modern Mongolia, Northern China, southern regions of Tuva. Animals prefer sandy soil, so occur mainly in deserts and semi-deserts. The determining factor is the presence of Thistle-cereal crops, which likes to eat Mongolian hamster.
Description of Eversmann hamster is not much different from Mongolian. The length of a rodent from 100 to 160 mm, tail 30 mm. Fur short, soft white, black, sand, red or color of a mixture of all of these shades with a white belly and a distinctive brown spot on his chest. If you look at the hamster sitting, you might not notice the white color of the lower part of the short tail. On the white legs have the finger bumps. The skull tapers to the nose Department, so the muzzle is pointed form. Ears short, with the scalp.
The living environment, which are used Eversmann hamster – semi-desert, desert, steppe with cereal crops, virgin land, salt licks. The main condition – the soil should not be too wet. The habitat includes the territory between the rivers Volga and Irtysh to the Mongolian and Chinese lands to the East. Up this way starts the range of the preceding species. In the North, the boundary runs in the Chelyabinsk region down to Kazakhstan at the Tobol river and to the Caspian sea in the South. The Western border is defined by the Ural mountains and Sturton.
The diet of the hamster is made up of seeds of wild or cultivated plants. Of animal food, rodent prefers voles, small squirrels, baby birds small birds.
Features of the economic life
Animals of the kind in question are nocturnal and crepuscular way of life. Housing equips just. Hamster digs a shallow hole with a few branches. The length of the main entrance reaches only 30 cm.
Rodents can hibernate or just to reduce the activity in the cold period of the year. Pets do not sleep.
Research of economic activity of the hamsters these types is not confirmed epidemiological role, as well as causing considerable damage to grain farming.
Differences from the Mongolian hamster Eversmann
What is the difference between two species of the same family of hamsters?
- The coat color. Mongolian rodent lighter, he has no dark spots on the chest;
- Eversmann hamster can grow a little more than his brother;
- Mongolian animal different parts of the internal structure of the auditory reels which are swollen stronger. This gives him an advantage in the ability to hear long distances and avoid possible danger.
Peculiarities of reproduction and causes of the disappearance of the family
Despite the simplicity to the living conditions and food in some areas of Russia the animals included in the Red Book. Causes of the disappearance of Eversmann hamster are the application of human inorganic fertilizers in the soil. Also examines the theory of probability changes of landscape-climatic conditions of the regions habitat and the limited number of suitable habitats at the edges of the area.
The complete disappearance and extinction of the hamsters are not threatened, because people take all efforts to preserve biological diversity on the planet. In the Chelyabinsk region there is a Red Book, Eversmann hamster is noted as a rare species of the third category. Here animals are protected by the Museum reserve "Arkaim".
To protect from extinction a good fertility of rodents. From mid-spring to September, one female can produce 3 litters of 15 pups. Living conditions affect the number of offspring. If there is a lack of food, cold temperatures or stressful life situation – children may be less about 5-7 individuals. The average life expectancy of a hamster is described from 2 to 3 years, at home – up to 4 years.
Care of pet rodents
Hamsters of the genus eversmannia perfect home inhabitants. They require minimal care and feel well in captivity. The contents of animals of this species does not differ from any other. A comfortable cage with a running wheel and a closed cabin for sleeping, a drinking bottle, feeder, accessories, as well as regular feeding and cleaning of the toilet – the key to a long and happy life of a rodent.
Home of the hamster should be away from direct sunlight, it must be regularly aired. Sometimes you can arrange pet walking to "freedom" around the apartment. Feeding by special feed twice a day, at the same time.
Hamsters of the genus eversmannia is a popular rodent species, which is often kept at home. They are cute, innocent, bring a lot of pleasant emotions. Friendly animals become favorite Pets of children and adults. Proper care and attention will allow them long to please their owners.