For some owners newborn hamsters– awaited event, for others a shock and a complete surprise.Kids can be loud squeak if cold or hungry. If the mother takes good care of the offspring, the crumbs not make a sound. Sometimes the owner finds that the house newborn drugarice accidentally – when cleaning the cage, or when grown children hamsters begin to crawl out of the nest.
A baby hamster the size of a phalanx of finger, weight of 1-2. 5 g. In the early days it is difficult to count the offspring, especially the female feeds the children, lying to them the whole body. Look in the house is not recommended, so as not to disturb her.
Although dwarf hamsters are much smaller, newborn Syrian hamsters are not too different in size from Jungaria. The fact that the Syrians are multiple: the more children in one litter, the smaller the size of each homezone.
How many children are giving birth to a hamster
The ability of these rodents to reproduce long ago became an occasion for jokes. The fertility of them is really big, especially at home, when the hamsters don't hibernate and get plenty of food. The ability for rapid reproduction – the quality by which rodents are so popular as laboratory animals.
Hamsters can be born a different number of cubs, depending on species and conditions. How many hamsters are born Dzungarian – quite accurately known, from 4 to 6 pieces. Rarely 8-9 cubs. Dwarf hamsters because of their size, are not prolific. But to find out how many homyachat can have a Syrian hamster breeder-Amateur sometimes grabs his head. The average number of 6-10 kids, but sometimes 16 to 18, sometimes even 20.
How many kids could have a hamster and jungert, and a Syrian – does not correspond to that amount which the female is able to nurse. Part of the numerous offspring dies or is eaten up by the mother. Therefore, the number of surviving offspring in the hamster does not exceed 10-12 pieces.
How to care for newborn hamsters
Newborn Djungarian hamster – a helpless creature is completely dependent on the actions of the mother. The cubs need warmth and food. In the room maintained at a temperature not less than 21, but not above 25 C. If the female alone cares for the offspring, the owner will not need to take care of new-born hamsters.
At the age of 10 days to raise kids without a mom can be extremely rare.
In home care for the young is to care about their mother. In the case of rodents, the best help is not to interfere. The female and children need privacy. Kids Djungarian hamsters would be in extreme danger if their mother will experience stress.
The actions of the owner:
Usually the owner feeds the hamster, and that one of their young. Females have plenty to provide food and water, including source of protein and rich foods. If mother's milk is enough to feed the cubs is not required. You can throw in the Jack kids grated carrot, low fat cottage cheese and other products, if it does a hamster. Food put in the cage with the expectation that any product can try kids Jungaria.
The arrangement of the cells:
Well, if the cell has a house. If not, it is necessary to put a small cardboard box. If the female is to provide a material for construction, she'll finish furnishing the home. In a cage but sawdust or other filler put paper towels. It is forbidden to use cotton wool or cloth, these materials are dangerous for kids hamsters (can get confused, choke). General cleaning is not carried out at least 2 weeks.
Sometimes even in the presence of the caring mother, the question arises – what to do with newborn hamsters, which have fallen from the nest. The baby is not frozen, not cold, it is better to return it to the brothers and sisters. But not with your hand, and spoon on a long handle.
In 10-12 days the newborn hamster begins to explore the world, not to keep in the nest. In the cage should be no differences of height (tiers), pay attention to the distance between the bars (not drop out if baby). You cannot put water in an open bowl. Feeders placed so that they were accessible to kids.
Injury at the age of 3-4 weeks is possible in the running wheel. It is interesting to observe young Djungarian hamsters during the games, but in this case, the wheel should not stand on the stand (hang on the wall) and be solid, with no rungs.
The cage should stand in a quiet place so I could not hear loud noises. It is covered from sunlight. Invalid drafts. Teach children that caring for young hamsters is their favorite all the free time, and take her in his arms for games in 2-3 weeks.
When animals grow up and will be deposited into other cells, care congarinni includes daily schooling to hand. Otherwise, they can bite the hands of the new owner. Syrian more friendly but detailed instructions on how to care for a small hamster, will be not superfluous.
How to grow hamsters
Breeding Djungarian hamsters, like the Syrian reproduction occurs very rapidly. Hamsters and their cubs – the embodiment of rapid development. First, the fruit is gaining weight in the womb for a few days, and then continue to quickly grow after birth.
Red naked babies a day after birth turn pink or darken depending on the color pouring out of the fur. To the 4th day, you can distinguish the color of dark hamsters look bright pink, but not bald.
A newborn hamster – the creature is quite helpless. They only can do is to squeak and wiggle his legs. They find the mother's nipple by smell. 5-6 day have calves bulged ears and they begin to hear.
Hamsters grow very quickly. At the age of 1 week the kids are already covered with down, and begin to try solid foods. As a true rodents, they were equipped with sharp teeth with the first day of life. The first food after mother's milk often become their own feces. The coprophagia is a natural process, necessary for proper intestinal microflora. Kids try food brought by the female in the house.
On 9-12 the day after the birth is a huge leap of development. Hamsters begin to crawl out of the nest, though his eyes still closed. Eat solid foods – greens and vegetables, grain. Learn to use the toilet corner, being naturally cleanly. The first day of such walks was a hamster can worry and try to collect the kids back to the nest. Pretty soon she gets tired of it, and the kids, staggering and falling, wander around the cage. To the moment they leave the nest they are already completely overgrown with wool.
When the hamsters open their eyes
Immediately after birth the young are blind, eyes tightly closed. Regardless of what day hamsters eyes open, this is a new stage in the life of kids. From this point they begin to accustom to the hands, and the hamsters are actively investigating the situation.
Eyelids begin to open from the 13th day of life, shows narrow slits. On day 14 or later, the 16 day, fully open the eyes. Drugarice open my eyes, just before the Syrians, sometimes on day 12, due to a longer pregnancy dwarf animals.
Development after 2 weeks
Since the 15th day of the mother is no longer able to carry the grown offspring. The owner must follow to homechat all slept together in the heat, returning it to house stray animals. In 15-16 days kids are quite clever – wash themselves, overcome obstacles. In 17-20 days young hamsters, Djungarian and Syrians, are beginning to use running wheel if given the opportunity. After 20 days the animals already can eat independently.
It is difficult to say at what point a young hamster to become an adult. Age of puberty does not correspond to how much growing hamsters. Pregnancy is possible in the age of one month, active growth continues until 2.5-3 months. To gain weight, maturity hamster can up to 4-5 months. After that, the increase in the size of the animal can only be associated with adiposity but not height.
When you can pick up newborn hamsters
During the first two weeks after birth of the offspring is not recommended to stick your hand in the cage, even to leave food. Prohibited from cleaning the cells. To touch newborn hamsters – so to put their lives at risk.
The female may eat the babies, he felt a strange smell.
No matter how much the curiosity, to take on hands or stroking kids do not need. Sometimes the litter is weighed in the scientific purposes, or you want to return to the nest fallen cub. Then the animal did not take the hand, and spoon, or other suitable item. If you still need to pick up – it is necessary to use latex gloves and drag baby in the bathroom corner, before returning to the mother.
To teach kids hands start at that age when they are able to survive without care of a female, that is not earlier than 2 weeks. Not to count down the days to the moment when you will meet HomeCinema, it is necessary to focus on the opening of the eyes (blind children do not touch).
Age 14-21 days is the optimal time for a first acquaintance.
When you can isolate hamsters from my mom
At the age of 4 weeks, the cubs not only depend on the mother, but are themselves capable of reproduction. To transplant homyachat is 21 days and not later than 28 days to prevent early pregnancy and aggression homyachihi grown children. If babies are born very small, in exceptional cases, they are kept with mom until 5 weeks, but no longer.
Important! If you don't isolate kids in time from mom, she can eat!!!
When you can give hamsters after birth
To give homyachat immediately after weaning is impossible. They are divided into two groups by gender and seated in individual cells. This should be a complete dwelling with a drinking bottle, house, wheel and other toys. Cage dzungaricus should not be smaller than Syrian hamsters.
When the female takes responsibility for the care of children, hassle the owner added. It is not surprising that people wonder at what age you can give youngsters. Moving to a new house is a big stress for the Junggar kids. Optimally distribute them at the age of 1.5-2 months, i.e. 6 to 8 weeks.
Usually breeders try to give the animals early. Because in 7-8 weeks may start a fight for territory, and every young hamster will have to provide an individual cell. In a good nursery podbroshennye rodents resistant to diseases and trained to arms.
Along with a hamster should be given a bit of filler used, and food for a few days. The familiar smell and a familiar diet, may reduce the stress of moving.
What to feed the little hamster
If the cubs left without a mother, or the female has no milk to feed them may be the owner. No easy task: to feed the little hamsters need every 1.5 hours. Use infant formula 0+ soy-based, dissolving and stirring instructions. Sometimes I substitute cat milk Royal Canin.
Every kid is fed individually from a pipette or insulin syringe without a needle. For the creature choked, holding him to the column, and the milk poured in small portions. It is advisable to massage the tummy after each feeding, to monitor the presence of the chair, to keep warm.
Most homyachat dies, if their mother does not feed even when the breeder makes every effort to preserve offspring. The reasons are various – aspiration pneumonia if it enters milk in respiratory tract infections (the mixture does not contain maternal antibodies and does not provide strong immunity).
More likely to survive to have kids in that case, if we can find a foster mother recently gave birth to a female with few offspring. Cubs lying in the toilet corner homyachihi, then mix them with native HomeCinema.
Age 1-3 weeks
When artificial feeding offspring than before homechat will have for yourself the better. After a few days the milk mixture mixed with crushed grain feed, give a vegetable puree.
At the age of 1.5 weeks little hamsters can eat solid food, their chances of survival increase dramatically. In the feeder each day put the wheat germ, oats, boiled egg, grated carrots and other vegetables. From 2 weeks of age to feed the little hamsters have every 4 hours (6 times per day). The mixture and milled feed is mixed to form a slurry of creamy consistency.
For dwarf and Syrian hamster when feeding young need to focus on the allowed foods list. If kids grow mother, she carries to the nest their food, so they know what adults eat.
With 3 weeks of the pups is not fed from the syringe and pour the mixture into a bowl.
At the age of 4 weeks, the animals do not need milk and its substitutes. Although 4-5 weeks hamsters are considered to be sexually Mature, their diet is still different from food adults: growth continues, requires a lot of protein and rich food. For young Djungarian hamster, eliminate the fruits. If you do not give them up to 4 months of age, it profilaktirujut diabetes. Give juicy food every day: vegetables (zucchini, carrots), seedlings, seeds, greens. At least 3 times a week – protein (low-fat cottage cheese, boiled meat and eggs).
At home monthly homyachat already is deposited from the mother and divided into groups (males and females). Consider them children anymore. Up to 5-6 weeks the young are fed infant cereal. Choose porridge should carefully: it should not contain sugar, milk, flavorings. Hypoallergenic and safe for digestion of oats and buckwheat. Rice babies do not give in order to avoid constipation.