Chinchilla rodents are among the main long-livers.How many chinchillas live in the home depends on the care. Statistics range from 8 to 25. the average Pets live to be 15-20 years.
How many lives chinchilla depends primarily on its sensitivity and speed. To 12 years in rodents reduced mobility and it becomes harder to avoid predators, therefore, only rare individuals can overcome this threshold.
Chinchillas live in the rocky region, where scarce food, few sources of water and shelter. Animals of both sexes live in one colony and nothing prevents reproduction. Female chinchillas can breed 2-3 times a year, but the body from such rhythm, thereby affecting the health of the individual.
How to extend the life chinchilla
How many years do chinchillas live in the home depends on the genetic data. It happens that unscrupulous breeder sells a litter of Union of close relatives, or from animals subject to diseases.
Genetic disorders may not become apparent externally. To protect yourself from unpleasant discoveries, buy rodent is only in nurseries with a good reputation.
The lifespan of chinchillas grown in the apartment can reach the maximum, if animal is born healthy and surrounded by competent care of the owner.
Basic care rules:
- to settle the animal to a spacious cage, at least a meter wide, covered with sawdust;
- clean home to hold at least once a week;
- to organise regular walks around the apartment under the supervision of the owner;
- to keep a well-balanced diet;
- to maintain a suitable temperature regime;
- to monitor the physical condition of the pet.
Of the violations do not cause the chinchilla discomfort and not affect its behavior. So the owner should regularly inspect the pet to recognize the problem on time and prevent late stages.
Signs of a healthy chinchilla:
- clean the ears and eyes with no discharge;
- dry nose without scabs and mucus;
- coat with no bald spots, the hairs dry, not sticky shiny, smooth;
- teeth orange hue, the lower teeth shorter than the top and located behind them;
- mouth largely closed, there are no active salivation;
- boluses are in the form of rice, the wet does not stick to the fur;
- in discharge no mucus, blood clots, diarrhea;
- genitals clean, dry and pink in color;
- the weight of an adult chinchilla in the normal range, there are no sudden losses or set;
- behavior consistently active, chinchilla does not exhibit anxiety, apathy and aggression;
- breath measured and even.
Changes in the appearance of the pet's weight and behavior can be signs of serious diseases. If the cause is unknown — a visit to the vet is required.
To protect pet against injury and illness is easier than curing it. The owner is helpful to familiarize yourself with the factors that can worsen the quality of life of the chinchilla and affect its duration.
Homemade chinchilla is moving less than required its body, which affects the digestive system. You should buy special pellets, hay and treats.
Chinchilla is much better tolerated starvation than overeating. In rodents, limited in motion, excess calories causes obesity.
The animal will not refuse an offer of nuts, fried food from the human table, your favorite treats, even if well-fed. The number and composition of the diet, the owner must control personally, not relying on instinct pet.
In captivity, chinchillas can live only in a cage, or a special enclosure. Even a spacious window does not provide enough space for the implementation of the stored energy. So regular walks are very important for the health of the rodent. Housing chinchillas must be equipped with a wheel and special toys that promote physical activity.
Disorders of digestive system
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract may occur in the use of animals of poor quality, or inappropriate food. Recognize the problem the characteristics of the stool, behavior chinchilla and through the probing of the abdomen.
To avoid eating disorders need to make sure that pet food quality, with no signs of mold and mildew.
Within reach of the chinchilla should not be junk food. New foods should be introduced into the diet gradually, allowing your body to adapt to them.
Outside the cage the pet can only be under the supervision of the owner. In the apartment there are many dangerous animal things. We can not allow that he was chewing on synthetic and toxic materials. Should prevent contact with sharp and hot objects. Frequent injuries due to games pet with electric wires.
A smooth surface in the cell cause damage to feet. On their hind legs appear corns, sores and peeling. Floor home chinchilla should lay sawdust of deciduous trees, can be placed in a cage a piece of the barrel.
Poisoning can be divided into two groups: acute and chronic. Symptoms first appear within hours of eating the substance: vomit, mucus from the mouth and nose, weakness, possible swelling and diarrhea.
Chronic — referred to as systematic contact with toxins in the animal body. Toxic substances adversely affect the status of organs, but externally, the symptoms may not appear.
The poison can penetrate through the surface-treated household chemicals. When washing the cells, it is desirable to dispense the chemicals. Pet should be protected from synthetic materials, wood of conifers and flowers. Waterers can be filled with only boiled or filtered water.
Exhaustion and stress
The lack of useful items in the feed creates favorable conditions for the development of various diseases. The chinchilla requires a balanced diet.
Pregnancy and care of offspring greatly depletes the body of the female.
Therefore, during the period of pregnancy and feeding pet need extra vitamins, and mating cannot be conducted more than twice a year.
Lifespan chinchillas can reduce stress. The animal requires a quiet environment for NAPs. The cage should not be placed near sources of loud noises. Independent rodent is not necessary to squeeze and hold without the need for force in the hands of the animal it is unpleasant and harmful.
Cold and hyperthermia
Chinchilla sensitive to climatic conditions. Drafts can cause she has a cold. The disease is accompanied by fever, runny nose and possible complications such as pneumonia.
Video: how to save the chinchilla from the heat
If shaded during the hottest time actively wool throws, her ears hot and red — a sure sign that the temperature in the room should be lower. Covered with dense hair the animal does not tolerate heat. Increased room temperature may cause hyperthermia.
Signs of heat stroke:
- the saliva becomes viscous and viscous;
- appear shortness of breath, breathing, learning;
- weakness and lethargy;
- redness of the mucous membranes.
A chinchilla should be protected from overheating and drafts. The cage should not be placed in direct sunlight, near heat sources and fans. The room temperature should be between 18-22 degrees and the humidity is 40-65%.
The teeth of chinchillas grow throughout life. In nature they grind on forage and bark of trees. At home, the shortage of suitable grinding material of the upper and lower incisors begin to interfere with each other. On their surface can be formed hooksthat hurt the oral cavity and prevent eating. Less tooth keeps growing inside.
Chinchilla with malocclusion selects from the food pieces, trying to crush food. She has excessive salivation, jaw is not closed completely. The animal frequently rubs his muzzle with his paws, as if brushing away something.
As prophylaxis in a cage chinchilla have to be a special mineral stones and various twigs.
Hair loss, broken hairs, compaction and dryness of the skin, purulent discharge and crusts indicate disease. Most often these symptoms are hidden fungal infection.
- contact with infected animals;
- unsanitary conditions in the cells;
- the increased humidity in the room;
- the lack weekly access to the tray with sand.
Prevention of fungus is to prevent situations conducive to the development of infections. Humanly possible to make life chinchilla tech happily ever after. Competent care for the health and comfort of your pet will prolong the years of rodent.