The sellers of pet stores assure you of wanting to buy a chinchilla that these cute animals are hardy and undemanding in content, but it's not quite true.And comfortable temperature of the contents of chinchillas in house conditions not to exceed 25 degrees and fall below 14;
The choice of cells for the maintenance of a chinchilla
Cage is a personal space chinchilla, a place where the animal spends most of its life. So the owner should carefully and seriously consider the choice of home for a furry pet.
The main criteria when selecting cells.
Housing chinchillas must be roomy and high, as mobile and active chinchillas need a lot of space for free movement and jump.
Sturdy and durable material rods
Animal definitely try the bars of his home in taste. Therefore, the preference should be given to cages with metal bars, not wood or plastic. Otherwise, the pet could chew through the bars and escape from the cage.
The distance between the bars
Chinchilla is extremely flexible and can squeeze through even the narrowest gap. To a rodent was not lost from cells, the distance between the bars should not exceed half an inch.
Safe and high-quality material
It is unacceptable that interior and exterior details of the home were covered with paint or varnish. Once in the animal body, these harmful substances can cause severe food poisoning.
For the care and keeping of chinchillas in house conditions there are two types of cells: normal metal cells and so-called showcases. Each of them has both advantages and disadvantages.
A metal cage
Many owners choose a metal cage, as they are inexpensive and are easy to wash and clean. Among the disadvantages of such a dwelling can be noted poor sound insulation. When the night animals start a fuss and start running around the cage, you make too loud noise, making it difficult to sleep. Another disadvantage is that the scatter uneaten food and litter in all directions and will have to carry out daily cleaning of the territory near the cage.
The showcases represent a dwelling of a wooden frame and walls of glass and a fine mesh. Indisputable advantages of Windows is that it hides the noise fuss Pets, and debris from it doesn't explode all over the room. The disadvantages of Windows is that it is inconvenient to clean the wooden frame absorbs odors, and the walls and floors swell from moisture. Therefore, such a dwelling will have to periodically change.
Important: regardless of the type of cells, it must be equipped with several shelves, hung at different levels, which act as simulators for rodents and satisfy their passion for jumping.
Items and accessories for the equipment of the cells
To make the content chinchilla at home convenient and comfortable, one more important step for the owner is proper equipment cage pet. It is important to know what items you need to buy chinchilla, and without any accessories it is possible to do.
- a drinking bowl;
- the tub for bathing;
- mineral and salt stone for grinding teeth;
- dressing the litter.
- suspended ladders and hammocks;
- mazes and tunnels;
- running wheel;
Important: if the cell is small, then we should not clutter the space with unnecessary items. Animal should be free to move around the dwelling, and not to cling to unnecessary and useless accessories.
The choice of food for your pet
Health and wellbeing fluffy rodent depends on correct and balanced diet. It should be remembered that the chinchilla at home should eat the same food as her wild tribesmen in their natural habitats.
The main food of the rodent should be high-quality grains or pellets of the mixture. The composition of the feed manufactured for chinchillas taking into account the peculiarities of their digestive system, composed of grains, dried herbs, seeds and dried fruits. Premium food also contain additional elements and vitamins, vegetable oils and plant extracts (Echinacea and alfalfa).
In addition to the main feed in the cage for the chinchilla should always be hay to improve digestion of animals.
Do not forget about the additional lure and food treats for Pets. Domestic chinchillas are giving fresh or dried dandelion leaves, plantain, spinach, clover and lettuce.
As treats small animal can sometimes offer a slice of dried Apple or carrot, raisins, sunflower seeds and peanuts (not fried).
Give the chinchillas and twigs of trees such as Apple, basswood, willow or birch.
Important: it is strictly forbidden to treat Pets sweet and flour products, fresh vegetables and fruits or leaves of your houseplants.
Caring for a chinchilla at home
How to care for a chinchilla house that animal lived a long and happy life? Follow the order of his or her home and provide your pet the opportunity to take regular sand bathsto keep their coat clean.
Chinchillas do not bathe in water! Moreover, water treatments hazardous to health furry pet, because animals have no sebaceous glands, therefore their coat gets wet through. This can cause the rodent catch a cold and die from pneumonia.
Iridescent and luxurious chinchilla fur always looked well-kept, the animal throwing sand baths.
For this purpose, once or twice a week in the cage of the animal put in the tub filled with special sand for bathing. Once the chinchilla is redeemed, a container of sand should be clean, otherwise the sand will get into feed or water the animal.
Rules for the care of cage
To avoid your pet feel good in your own home, you must comply with the following rules:
- surface cleaning of the cells is carried out two or three times a week;
- for purification of the rods, the pallet and the walls of the cells cannot use household chemicals;
- General cleaning of the home of the chinchilla should be held not less than once per month;
- in the cage will be much cleaner if you pour in the pan a special filler. For this purpose, sawdust, straw or granular filler. Shreds of newspaper, cellophane and fabric as bedding is not good.
How to tame a chinchilla
Chinchilla is not a dog and not a cat, so to train the animal useless occupation. These rodents are very independent and do not expect that the pet will love to sit on the hands of the owner and graciously to accept the human touch.
But make friends with your pet is still possible and, if the owner wishes to gain the trust of a skittish animal, he will have to be patient and fight for this great effort.
Many owners, bringing a chinchilla home, the first day begin to stroke and hug a pet and this is their main mistake. Don't forget that these animals are very shy and for them the stress that they were taken out of their cells and where-that carried. For chinchillas need a lot of time not only to get used to unfamiliar surroundings, but also to the voice and the smell of a new owner. So the first two weeks it is better to minimize the communication with your pet and give it to accustom on a new place.
When the little rodent is adaptable to the environment, may from time to time to come to his home and quietly talking to him. You can open the cage and stick my hand in there, giving the animal a chance to sniff your hand and even gently bite. Perhaps even the chinchilla will jump into your hands to get closer. If that happens, do not scare the animal sharp movement and attempt to pull him out of the cage, as it will discourage pet for you to move in. Let the chinchilla will get used to your hands and to the fact that you do not pose a threat to her.
After some time, try to lure the pet from the cage his favorite treat. Put your open hand with treats when leaving home, and let the animal decide to climb up to you on hand or to steal a treat in the cage. With due patience the animal will soon get used to you and stop being shy when you reach out to pet him or scratch his neck.
But do not forget that behavior and character chinchillas depends on the individual rodent. So do not despair if, despite all efforts, the animal did not learn to trust you and refuses to go on hands. Just surround rodent attention and love and perhaps he will answer you in return.
Chinchilla and child: should I buy rodent children
Many parents seem nice and friendly chinchilla will make a perfect pet for a toddler. Because these animals are not characteristic of aggression, they do not bite, and the child will be able to take care of your little pet.
But in fact, contain a chinchilla in the house where there are small children, not such a good idea. Experts generally do not recommend buying furry rodent for children under ten years of age.
And there are good reasons for this:
- taking the nocturnal, a rodent in the daytime will sleep, so it is unlikely that the child will be interesting to observe the constantly sleeping pet;
- chinchillas are very shy animals. And noisy children's game room, where there is a cell of the animal, can strongly frighten and to injure the fragile psyche of the pet;
- kids love to squeeze animals, wear them on their hands and lift them by the tail. While most chinchillas can't stand it when they touch and take the hand. In addition, the baby may compress the animal and cause him injury;
- a small child may leave a cage chinchilla outdoor and animal will take advantage of this to escape and hide in a secluded place, where it will be very difficult to get;
- feed the furry rodents should only be special food and treats, not food from own table. And the child of ignorance may accidentally feed a chinchilla a prohibited product, that will trigger from pet digestive problems, and in some cases even cause death of the animal.
Chinchilla in the house: owner reviews
If you can't decide whether to make this cute rodent, read reviews of the owners about the care and maintenance of chinchillas in house conditions.
Anastasia: I am very glad that in my house lives this fluffy little ball of happiness.
Chinchilla gave me for my birthday. And frankly, such a wonderful gift I have never had to regret. Say that contain chinchillas troublesome, but I take care of such a pet is easy and simple. To walk it is not necessary, feeding problems also do not arise, in General, to care for a chinchilla is a pleasure. A major plus is the fact that the rodent does not smell.
Sergey: never crank the chinchilla
Yielded to the entreaty of his wife and bought a chinchilla. Yes, the rodent is cute and sweet, but at this end of his dignity. Of the chinchillas at night so much noise that sleep is impossible. She nibbles all the bars of the cage, shelf, house and even a bird feeder, although I bought her for teeth grinding special mineral stone. Walking the animal around the apartment, at a separate issue. If you let a chinchilla out of the cage, consider that the end came furniture, wires, baseboards and Wallpaper, because she eats everything what can reach.
Elena: this is the most wonderful and amazing animals
For two years we live a couple of chinchillas Homa and larik. They are very playful, tame, happy to go hands on and give to pet. Caring for them is not difficult and almost no odor. What is interesting to watch them bathing in the sand. If you decide to have decorative rodent, feel free to choose a chinchilla, this is a wonderful and amazing Pets that will not cause you much hassle in the content.
Chinchillas do not require special conditions as some exotic Pets. But that doesn't mean they don't need care and attention from the owner. The animal will have to devote a lot of time and attention, because having a furry pet, the owner takes responsibility for the health and welfare of a small mammal. And that chinchilla for years please you with its well-groomed appearance and activity, it is necessary to provide a comfortable and happy life.