Chinchilla, in contrast to artificially derived household pests, has a strong immune system, which for long life of pet protects the animal from many infectious and non-communicable diseases.Conjunctivitis the chinchilla develops as a result of injuries in a pairing or fall, contact with a foreign body, irritation of the mucous membrane, with smoke, dust, unsanitary conditions, the disease can be a symptom of various infectious and non-communicable diseases.
If the chinchilla to her eyes, there is photophobia, swelling of eyelids, redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes and skin of the eyelids, festering eyes, purulent contents accumulate in the corners of the eyes, sometimes completely stick together the eyes, you can suspect the presence of conjunctivitis or keratoconjunctivitis have a pet. Purulent inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye if untreated, often ends in ulceration of the cornea, partial or complete loss of vision.
Often the owners of the chinchilla don't know what to do if chinchilla festering eyes. The treatment of the disease must appoint a veterinary specialist, in the home, if the chinchilla does not open eyes, it is recommended to remove dead allocation wet swab dipped in warm boiled water, rinse the animal's eyes with a sterile saline solution, decoction of chamomile or with a weak brew of black tea, drip of anti-inflammatory drops "Ciprolet" and immediately refer to a specialist. Sometimes the chinchilla sore eyes for serious infectious diseases, the pet may require the appointment of a course of antibiotics.
Cataract – partial or complete opacity of the lens of the eye, is characterized by its reduction to transmit light, and partial loss of vision. Anatomically, the lens must be completely transparent, it is a lens which refracts light rays and directs them to the retina. The name of the disease "cataract" means waterfall, the animal in this pathology of eyesight sees objects, as through a jet of falling water.
Causes of cataracts in chinchillas are:
- the metabolic disorders;
- lack of vitamins;
- diabetes mellitus;
- pathology of the eye;
- eye injuries;
- radiation exposure;
- a congenital anomaly.
Cataract is inherited to chinchillas, so when you purchase an exotic pet, it is recommended to check with the breeder whether there were this ocular pathology in the parents of the animal. Cataract the chinchilla is a reason for culling breeding animals, such animals are allowed to breed is prohibited. To treat cataract chinchillas should be under the control of the veterinary surgeon, often the animal is deprived of vision. People with this eye pathology is assigned to a microsurgery.
Cataract – a pathology of organs of vision, in which there is persistent clouding of the cornea.
A thorn in chinchilla is formed by:
- injuries of the eye;
- complications of conjunctivitis;
- infectious diseases.
In the animal observed the white spot on the cornea, a partial or complete loss of vision. Most often, ocular pathology in Pets is not treated, corneal cataract people and remove operational method.
Disease, manifested by symptoms of eye damage
Some infectious and non-communicable diseases of chinchillas may manifest symptoms of eye damage.
Microsporia and trichophytosis (ringworm)
Skin lesions animal pathogenic microscopic fungi, the disease is transmitted to man.
In infectious disease in chinchillas:
- falls the hair around the eyes, nose and limbs;
- the skin form a clearly defined round scaly hairless area.
If untreated, the animal rapidly loses the hair skin is covered with pustules and ulcers. Diagnosis veterinarians method of microscopic examination of scrapings of the skin, the treatment involves the use of antifungal drugs.
Parasitic small insect, rarely affects chinchillas. Sources of infection can be fodder, filler or the hands of the owner. Parasitism of ticks on chinchillas accompanied by itching and restlessness of the animal.
- often itchy and wykonywac fur;
- observed hair loss around eyes, ears and on the neck with the formation of inflamed red wounds.
When detected under the microscope, the causative agent veterinarian assigns animal treatment insecticidal sprays.
An Allergy to food, litter, potted plants
Allergy in dogs is manifested mucous secretions from the eyes, sneezing, hair loss and itching. Treatment involves eliminating the allergen and a course of antihistamines.
Cold in animals occurs in violation of the conditions of detention.
From exotic animal observed:
- severe tearing and swelling of the eye;
- runny nose, sneezing;
- wheezing, shortness of breath, increased body temperature.
Such a state is fraught with complications and need immediate treatment of the sick animal under the supervision of a specialist.
The ingrowth of roots of teeth – pathology chinchillas, in which there is elongation of the tooth root, its penetration into soft tissue, vision loss and nasal sinuses. Malocclusion – uneven growth of the cutters and the formation of malocclusion.
Dental pathology develops when:
- improper feeding of your pet;
- injury to oral cavity or genetic disorders.
- white discharge from the eye;
- feed refusal.
Treatment of pathologies of the teeth is a specialist in veterinary clinics with General anesthesia.
If the owner noticed that the chinchilla eye problems: white mucus, watery eyes, redness and swelling of the eyelids, purulent discharge, hair loss, consult a specialist to avoid possible loss of vision.
Self-treatment of eye diseases in dogs human eye drops is not recommended and can exacerbate the condition of a pet.