Chinchilla is a wonderful, cute animals, is rapidly gaining popularity among many lovers of exotic animals. Cute rodents missing seasonal shedding in spring and fall, as most furry mammals.Animals shed about 30 hairs per day, which cannot be detected with regular change of bedding.
Physiological also a juvenile molt in chinchillas at the age of 12-15 months, when the young child drops the coat and acquires a gorgeous adult fur, caused the almost complete extermination of wild rodents.
Causes of hair loss or shedding chinchillas
The most common causes are:
The most common cause of hair loss in healthy Pets. Chinchillas are relatives of porcupines, which nature has given the ability to drop the needle when frightened or attacked by a predator. Under natural conditions the ability of chinchillas to throw off the fur from the stress often saves small rodents from the teeth or claws of predatory animals. If the animal falls wisps of hair, the rodent is a heavy shedder, chinchilla gnaws the hair on the sides, the cause may be fright sensitive animals. Emotional rodent often relieves a huge amount of fluff and hair in the hands of the owner with sloppy catching pet, the rise of the tail, loud voice, etc.
IMPORTANT!!! Chinchilla actively losing hair as a result of stress that can be caused by careless handling, importunate attention from other Pets or small children, an acquaintance, pairing and fight with your partner, moving to new premises, the damage to the door or the bars of the cage, sharp movements and sounds.
What to do if chinchilla sheds on the background of stress?
The problem of hair loss as a result of the fear will disappear very quickly and the hair will begin to grow within 2-3 weeks, if the animal to create a relaxed comfortable atmosphere, to eliminate loud noises and communication of emotional animal with other Pets, to control the pairing of animals.
Just purchased emotional rodents is not recommended to take on hands for the first 3 days. After the adaptation, when a curious pet, he will begin to explore new territory, cautiously, bringing his hands under fluffy's tummy, take a small animal on his hands in the morning. Do not make sudden movements and loud noises, grab sleepy pet's tail, an exotic rodent should be easy to sniff the hands of the master and to memorize the smell. The first time the animal gets used to the owner and not allowed to stroke yourself. It passes quickly, patience and kindness of the human form trust and attachment to the owner of the cute chinchilla.
The lack of vitamins and minerals
Lack of vitamins in the animal's diet is also a cause of loss of coat.
Regular monotonous feeding dry cereal mixes without the addition of luscious fresh vegetables, fruits, berries and herbs causes a lack of certain vitamins and minerals and excess of others in the body of the animal. Manifestation of which is the breakage and hair loss on the sides, the fur of the little rodent becomes disheveled, pale, sticking out in different directions.
What to do if chinchilla sheds as a result of deficiency of vitamins and minerals?
The owner should use for the beloved pet's quality of food well-known companies with the introduction in the diet of high-quality dry stalky hay, apples, carrots, sprouts, oats and wheat, alfalfa grass and nettles, posolennym strawberry leaves, rose-hips and hawthorn. It is recommended to consult a veterinary specialist, who will prescribe the rodent vitamins for hair chinchillas in the form of drops or injections: Gamavit, supradin kids Gel, Multi-tabs Baby, BEAPHAR Lebens-vitamine.
Violation of the microclimate
The increase in air temperature above 23C in the room where exotic rodents, high humidity and stuffiness provoke dropping fluffy animal fur to cool the body animal. In natural conditions wild chinchillas live in the cool mountain climate, so the optimal temperature for keeping domestic rodents is the temperature of 16-18 degrees. Constant high temperature 25-27 degrees Celsius detrimental effect on exotic animal that appears:
- power loss of shreds of wool, protects the animal from critical overheating;
- redness and peeling of the skin.
What to do if chinchilla sheds as a result of violation of a temperature mode?
The owner of the animal is necessary to create optimal temperature conditions for Pets and to remember that at the temperature of 16-18 degrees in the animals grows very thick and luxurious fur. In summer, when excessive heating is necessary to maintain the required value of temperature and humidity through air conditioning and ventilation, eliminating the presence of chinchillas in the draft.
In winter it is impossible to allow the placement of the cage with rodents or batteries near sources of heat, when the temperature of the air below the level of 15 degrees Celsius you can turn the heater away from the cage with the chinchillas.
Skin diseases caused by metabolic disorders, allergies, lesions of the animal pathogenic fungi. Regardless of the cause of dermatitis is accompanied by severe itching that may disturb the animal, and the loss of large amounts of wool. If the body of the animal is found a skin without fur, small pet needs urgent veterinary clinical examination to determine why the chinchilla is balding.
In Pets sometimes develop an allergic dermatitis, caused by allergic reaction to food, filler, sand for bathing, medications. Bald chinchilla is quite common when feeding small pet prohibited products: citrus, bananas, melons, persimmons, sweets, meats, plants, cabbage. Allergic dermatitis in dogs manifested the characteristic clinical picture:
- chinchilla frequently sneezes and itchy;
- gnaws itself;
- redness of the eye;
- wheezing, whistles, shortness of breath;
- falls the hair on the sides, abdomen, limbs, the neck, forming huge pockets of baldness.
Dermatitis in chinchillas may also develop in lesions of the skin fluffy rodent pathogenic microscopic fungi that are causative agents of trichophytosis and microsporia in rodents, more commonly known as ringworm. The owner can infect your favorite mushroom spores Pets from stray animals brought in from the street. The disease is accompanied by severe itching and anxiety pet animal is often itchy and wykonywac fur.
For depriving chinchillas characterized by the formation on the nose, the limbs, around the eyes and base of tail, well-defined rounded zones that are experiencing hair loss, peeling, peel, skin redness.
If time does not begin to treat the animal at the stage of the emergence of small hairless areas, shingles rapidly affect the entire body of the animal. Observed the formation of abscesses and ulcers, the increase in areas of baldness, the accession of secondary bacterial infection affecting the internal organs of the chinchilla. In the absence of treatment in chinchilla rapidly going bald sides, back, and legs, like the tail, the skin becomes dry, red, covered with extensive ulcers, homely rodent may completely lose their coat. Weak little rodents can die from insidious skin disease.
IMPORTANT!!! Chinchillas ringworm is a very dangerous contagious disease that is transmitted from rodent to humans by the irregularity of antiseptics in the treatment of a sick animal. To diagnose and to prescribe therapeutic measures should a veterinarian!
What to do if chinchilla's balding?
Treatment of allergic dermatitis is to eliminate the allergen and use of antihistamines medicine under the supervision of a specialist.
If you suspect ringworm, you need to urgently deliver a chinchilla to a veterinary clinic. Diagnosis involves microscopic examination of a scraping of the skin and irradiation with a wood's lamp to detect the pathogen. In the refinement of diagnosis, the animal shall be appointed anti-fungal sprays, ointments or injections depending on the extent of the process. The bathing sand is added to antifungal agents. Within 2-3 weeks the regrowth of new hair on the affected areas, beautiful fur a full recovery in 2-3 months.
Infectious and non-communicable diseases of young animals are accompanied by the appearance of secretions of different nature from the nose, eyes, mouth, loops and anus, resulting in wetting of beautiful fur breakage and hair loss. Recovery of the affected coat occurs as the recovery of the furry pet.
Why chinchilla gnaws wool
A common and frightening phenomenon of inexperienced breeders is vyhrazena a wonderful chinchilla fur on the sides, tail and buttocks. Exotic animals hurt his coat or actively chewing the fur of the partner. The fur at cute animals when vyrizeni looks untidy, as if clumsily trimmed or yanked the hair in large pieces.
Vyhrazena fur of chinchilla is not fully understood, pathological behavior of chinchillas most often cause by the following reasons.
Exotic animal might be afraid of a new environment, a sharp sound, other pet or fight with other dogs. Preferably, the frightened baby put in a separate cage in a quiet room, cover the cage with a dark cloth to put unusual animal favorite treats and give yourself time to calm down.
Vyhrazena fur observed in emotionally disturbed animals that should not be allowed to breed. In such case, you can try to divert the excited pet a new toy or a treat.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Hormonal stress or shortage in the body of females scrolley of vitamins and minerals on a background of pregnancy may provoke vyhrazena fur women's individual or partner. It is necessary to carefully balance the diet of the animal during the period of gestation. Use in feeding lactating females juicy fruits, vegetables, berries, seedlings of wheat and oats, vitamin supplements and calcium gluconate. Normalization of hormonal levels for several days after delivery or cessation of breastfeeding leads to a cessation of addiction.
The unbalanced diet
When feeding disorders of exotic rodents in the animal organism there is a shortage of important vitamins A,D, K, R, a shortage of methionine and calcium, manifested by vyhrazena coat. In such a situation, it is necessary to introduce in the diet of pet vitamins from hair loss, as well as fresh berries, fruit, greens and dried herbs.
The increase in air temperature above 20 degrees Celsius, dry air, frequent bathing in chinchilla sand, dirty cell provoke drying of the delicate skin furry animal. Itching and vyhrazena wool pet is a means for natural cooling of the body. Exotic animals should be kept in ventilated and cool place at temperature not above +16-20 C. Recommended daily change of litter, kitty litter, clean drinking water and food in the bowl.
Allergic dermatitis and ringworm
Common skin diseases in pet rodents, accompanied by increased itching, rapid hair loss and vyhrazena fur chinchillas. Diseases require immediate diagnosis and treatment of your pet in a veterinary clinic.
Addiction to gnaw the hair often occurs when a lack of attention or boredom unusual pet. It is recommended to purchase the animal furry friend, to equip the cage with various accessories for climbing, entertain little friend regular communication with the host.
If you have a furry pet actively climb hair, or a small rodent sheds in shreds, the chinchilla has chewed off the tail, the pet owner needs to urgently identify the reasons for hair loss. To change conditions or to treat an animal with medications prescribed by your veterinarian. Loss of coat may be due to violation of rules of keeping and feeding the furry rodents or to signal the presence of serious pathological processes in the body, chinchilla, or infection ectoparasite (fleas, lice, Vlady, ticks).